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园林假山制作需要注意写什么?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/598.html  更新时间:2023-02-20
(三)假山制作要点
(3) Key points of rockery production
在园林中,特别在庭园中,石是种重要的造景素材。古有:“园可无山,不可无石”,“石配树而华,树配石而坚”诸说,可见园林对石的运用是很讲究的。
In gardens, especially in gardens, stone is an important landscape material. In ancient times, there were many theories, such as "the garden can't be without mountains, not without stones", "the stones match the trees, and the trees match the stones, and the trees match the stones, and the stones are firm". It can be seen that the use of stones in gardens is very particular.
在室内景园中,一定的品石可作景园的点缀、陪衬的小品,也可以石为主题构成庭园的景观中心。在运用品石时,要根据具体石材,反复琢磨,取其形,立其意,借状天然,才能创造出一个“寸石生情”的意境。在用石组景中,需要施工人员有组景造型的基本知识,和创造景意的观念。
In the indoor landscape, a certain amount of stone can be used as the ornament and foil of the landscape, or as the theme to form the landscape center of the garden. When using quality stone, we should repeatedly polish it according to the specific stone, take its shape, establish its meaning, and borrow its natural shape to create an artistic conception of "inch stone generates emotion". In the process of using stone to form a landscape, it is necessary for the construction personnel to have the basic knowledge of forming a landscape and the concept of creating a landscape.
1、常见的组景用石:
1. Common landscape stones:
组景中常用的天然素石通称为品石。目前较多采用的品石有太湖石、锦川石、黄石、腊石、英石、花岗石。
The natural plain stones commonly used in the group scenery are generally called quality stones. At present, the widely used stone products include Taihu stone, Jinchuan stone, Huangshi, wax stone, quartz stone and granite.
(1)太湖石在园景中引用较早,应用亦较广泛。它质坚表润、嵌空穿眼、纹理纵横、连联起隐,外形多峰、峦岩壑。
(1) Taihu Lake stone was quoted earlier in the landscape and was widely used. Its texture is firm, moist, hollow and penetrating, its texture is vertical and horizontal, connected and hidden, and its shape is many peaks and mountains and valleys.
(2)英石石质坚而润,色泽微呈灰黑,节理天然,面有大皱小皱,多棱角、稍莹彻,峭峰如剑戟。岭南庭园叠石多取英石,构出峰型和壁墙型两类假山景,其组景气势与太湖石迥然有别。
(2) The quartz stone is firm and moist, slightly gray-black in color, with natural joints, large wrinkles and small wrinkles on the surface, and is angular and slightly translucent, with steep peaks like halberds. The stone stacking in Lingnan Garden is mostly made of quartz stone, which forms two types of artificial mountain scenery, peak type and wall type. Its landscape formation momentum is quite different from that of Taihu Lake stone.
(3)锦川石外表似松皮状,其形如笋,又称石笋或松皮石。有纯绿色,亦有五色兼备者。锦川石一般只长1m左右,长度大于2m者就算上名贵了。现在锦川石不易得,近年常以人工水泥砂浆来精心仿作。
(3) The appearance of Jinchuan stone looks like pine skin, and its shape is like a bamboo shoot, which is also called stalagmite or pine skin stone. There are both pure green and five colors. Jinchuan stone is generally only about 1m long, and those longer than 2m are considered valuable. Now Jinchuan stone is not easy to obtain. In recent years, it is often carefully imitated with artificial cement mortar.
(4)黄石质坚色黄,石纹古拙,我国很多地区均有出产,其中以常川黄山、苏州尧峰山、镇江圌山所产着称,用黄石叠山粗犷而富野趣。
庭院假山制作
(4) Yellowstone is hard and yellow, with ancient stone patterns. It is produced in many areas of China, among which, Huangshan in Changchuan, Yaofeng Mountain in Suzhou, and Chuanchuan Mountain in Zhenjiang are famous for their rough and wild nature.
(5)腊石色黄而表面油润如腊,又称黄腊石。腊石外形浑圆可受,别饶石趣,此石常以三、二个大小不同的形状组成小景,或散置于草坪、池边或树丛中,既可供丛歇、又能观赏。腊石主要产于广东从化县等处。
(5) The wax stone is yellow and its surface is as oily as wax. It is also called yellow wax stone. The shape of the wax stone is round and tolerable. Don't forget the stone interest. This stone often forms a small landscape in three or two shapes of different sizes, or is scattered in the lawn, pool or trees, which can be used for both rest and viewing. The wax stone is mainly produced in Conghua County, Guangdong Province.
(6)花岩石是园林用石的普通石材,常用作石桥、石桌凳和石雕及其它构件和小品。
(6) Flower rock is a common stone of garden stone, often used as stone bridge, stone table and stool, stone carving and other components and sketches.
2、假山设计要点:
2. Key points of rockery design:
室内景园中的筑山型以小巧为多见,筑山型组织的要点有:山型与室内的比例尺寸要适应,山型与水景的配合要自然,山型的砌筑位置要得当,以起到视觉中心的作用。
The mountain building type in the indoor landscape garden is mostly small. The key points of the mountain building type organization are: the proportion size of the mountain type and the interior should be adapted, the cooperation between the mountain type and the waterscape should be natural, and the masonry position of the mountain type should be appropriate to play the role of visual center.
(1)尺度与比例:
(1) Scale and scale:
室内景园中山型的尺度,除要考虑房屋的尺寸和景物本身的尺度外,还要考虑它们彼此之间的关系尺度。室内景园的功能要求就是克服建筑空间的单调感,同时用景园来烘托室内空间的宽阔。所以室内山型要避免给人闭塞感和压抑感,山型的高度一般都要小于室内高度的,山型的石块宜大不宜小,形态宜整体不宜琐碎,山石处理的尺度合宜、体态得当,就能给人一种富有时代特点的美感。
In addition to the size of the house and the scale of the scenery itself, the scale of the relationship between them should also be taken into account for the scale of the Zhongshan type indoor landscape. The functional requirement of indoor landscape garden is to overcome the monotony of architectural space, and at the same time use the landscape garden to foil the width of indoor space. Therefore, the indoor mountain type should avoid giving people a sense of closure and depression. The height of the mountain type should generally be smaller than the indoor height. The stone of the mountain type should be large rather than small, and the shape should be not trivial as a whole. The scale of the mountain stone treatment should be appropriate and the body should be appropriate, which can give people a sense of beauty full of the characteristics of the times.
(2)山石与水景的配合:
(2) The combination of mountains and rocks with waterscape:
山石因水而生动,山得水而活,所以山石景往往与水组成山水局景观,常见的有水潭局、壁潭局、悬挂瀑布局等。如砌筑山峰,一般筑成下大上小、山骨毕露、峰棱如剑的峭拔峰。也有筑成下小上大,似“有飞舞势”之奇峰。也可水中立石,但石形要整,或兀然挺立或低俯与水相近,不要形成水边堆砌之感。当水边要布置群石时,要大小配置得当,形成一种自然的韵律感。
The mountains and rocks are vivid because of water, and the mountains and rocks live because of water. Therefore, the landscape of mountains and rocks often combines with water to form the landscape of landscape bureau. The common ones include the water pool bureau, the wall pool bureau, and the hanging waterfall bureau. Like the masonry peak, it is generally built into a precipitous peak with large lower part and small upper part, exposed mountain bones and sharp edges like swords. There are also peaks that are small and large, like "flying". You can also stand stones in the water, but the shape of the stones should be neat, or stand upright or low and close to the water, and do not form the feeling of piling up beside the water. When arranging group stones at the waterside, they should be properly sized to form a natural rhythm.
(3)山石景的砌筑位置:
(3) Masonry location of mountain and stone landscape:
山石景一般可组成一视觉中心。山石景砌筑在门厅处能加强视觉中心的形成,以引人注目。在一些室内的过渡区间,如大厅与餐厅、大幅墙面与地面之间,常作山石景处理,以便消除交角的生硬。还可在建筑的转角处和死角处置山石景,以减弱空间境界面所形成的单调之感。 另外,在前庭、廓侧、路端、景窗旁或景栽下,可设置一些组合的小石景。
Mountain and stone scenery can generally form a visual center. The masonry of mountain and stone scenery at the entrance hall can strengthen the formation of visual center to attract attention. In some indoor transition areas, such as between the hall and the dining room, and between the large wall and the ground, the stone landscape is often treated to eliminate the hardness of the intersection. You can also dispose of the mountain and stone scenery at the corners and dead corners of the building to reduce the monotony of the space boundary. In addition, some combination of small stone scenes can be set in the vestibule, profile, road end, beside the window or under the landscape.
山石砌筑的详细施工方法、及流程,可以查看本站的《园林假山施工方案》。
For the detailed construction method and process of mountain stone masonry, please refer to the "Construction Scheme for Garden rockery" of this station.
(4)人工塑山石:
(4) Artificial mountain stone:
人工塑山石是近年来广泛采用的方法。小的石块常以砖砌体为石的躯干,表面以颜料拌合白水泥砂浆进行饰面。大块的石,常以铁架钢网为骨架,表面再以颜色水泥砂浆饰面。(如下图所示
Artificial rock molding is a widely used method in recent years. Small stones often use brick masonry as the stone body, and the surface is decorated with pigment mixed with white cement mortar. Large stones are often framed with iron frame and steel mesh, and the surface is decorated with color cement mortar. (As shown in the figure below
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Thank you for reading. The source of this article is: Garden rockery production. For more information and questions, please click: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com We will continue to work hard to provide you with services. Thank you for your support!
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