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七大庭院设计风格及特点

来源:  更新时间:2022-07-27
按照目前庭院的风格特点可划分为中式庭院、欧式庭院、美式庭院、日式庭院、伊斯兰式庭院、地中海式庭院、东南亚式庭院。
According to the style and characteristics of the current courtyard, it can be divided into Chinese courtyard, European courtyard, American courtyard, Japanese courtyard, Islamic courtyard, Mediterranean courtyard and Southeast Asian courtyard.
一、中式庭院
1、 Chinese courtyard
一般来说,大型的中式庭院是由建筑、山水、花木共同组成的一件艺术品,建筑以木质的亭、台、廊为主,月洞门、花格窗起到阻隔、分割视线的作用。而庭院植物也有着明确的寓意和严格的位置,如屋后栽竹,厅前植桂,花坛种牡丹,水池栽荷花等。
Generally speaking, a large Chinese courtyard is a work of art composed of buildings, mountains and rivers, flowers and trees. The buildings are mainly wooden pavilions, platforms and corridors, and the moon cave door and lattice window play a role of blocking and dividing the line of sight. The garden plants also have clear meanings and strict positions, such as planting bamboo behind the house, planting cinnamon in front of the hall, planting peonies in the flower bed, and planting lotus in the pool.
特点:浑然天成幽远空灵
Features: natural, secluded and ethereal
设计理念:中国传统的庭院规划深受传统哲学和绘画的影响,甚至有“绘画乃造园之母”的理论,非常具参考性的是明清两代的江南私家园林。园景的主体是自然风光,亭台参差、廊房婉转作为陪衬,这里寄托园主人淡漠厌世、超脱凡俗的思想,在物质环境中寓藏着丰富的精神世界,苍凉廓落、古朴清旷是其美的特征。
Design concept: Chinese traditional courtyard planning is deeply influenced by traditional philosophy and painting. There is even the theory that "painting is the mother of gardening". What is very referential is the private gardens in the south of the Yangtze River in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The main body of the garden is the natural scenery, with the uneven pavilions and graceful corridors as the foil. Here, the garden owner's indifferent and worldly thoughts are reposed, and there is a rich spiritual world hidden in the material environment. Desolation, simplicity and clearness are the characteristics of its beauty.
元素:假山、流水、翠竹
Elements: rockery, flowing water, green bamboo
二、欧式庭院
2、 European courtyard
欧式庭院以法国人和意大利人的设计而闻名于世,它们修剪整齐的灌木和纪念喷泉;此外,庭园还是有足够空间来建造一些装饰物,如日晷、神龛、供小鸟戏水的柱盆、花草容器等。甚少使用色彩,花坛里只种颜色单一的同种植物。园木大多为观叶类、灌木类和树木。花坛略带色彩,花草也用得十分稀少,每一个花坛四周都载黄杨,里面只种颜色单一的同类花草。
European style courtyards are famous for their French and Italian designs, with neatly manicured shrubs and memorial fountains; In addition, there is still enough space in the garden to build some decorations, such as sundials, shrines, column basins for birds to play in the water, flower containers, etc. Color is rarely used, and only the same kind of plants with single color are planted in the flower bed. Most garden trees are foliage, shrubs and trees. Flower beds are slightly colored, and flowers and plants are also very rare. Boxwood is carried around each flower bed, and only similar flowers and plants with a single color are planted inside.
特点:装饰华丽、色彩浓烈、造型精美
Features: gorgeous decoration, strong colors and exquisite modeling
设计理念:从文艺复兴时期花园中吸取灵感,基本上是规则式的古典庭院,非常庄严雄伟,而且蕴含着丰富的想象力。
Design concept: drawing inspiration from the Renaissance Garden, it is basically a regular classical courtyard, which is very solemn and magnificent, and contains rich imagination.
元素:这类庭院构筑物较复杂,圆柱、雕像、凉亭、装饰墙、整形植物、喷泉、神龛
Elements: such courtyard structures are more complex, including columns, statues, pavilions, decorative walls, plastic plants, fountains, shrines
三、美式庭院
3、 American courtyard
美国人对自然的理解是自由活泼的,现状的自然景观是其景观设计表达的一部分,自然热烈而充满活力,许多的意外和戏剧化也应合了美国异想天开的创造力,好莱坞场景与生活场景的互换与重迭。将丰富的自然,如森林、草原、沼泽、溪流、湖泊、草地、灌木、参天大树等,引入城市与生活中,构成了广阔景观。
Americans' understanding of nature is free and lively. The current natural landscape is a part of its landscape design expression. Nature is warm and full of vitality. Many accidents and dramatization should also coincide with American whimsical creativity, and the exchange and overlap of Hollywood scenes and life scenes. The rich nature, such as forests, grasslands, swamps, streams, lakes, grasslands, shrubs, towering trees, etc., are introduced into the city and life, forming a broad landscape.
特点:大气、浪漫
Features: atmosphere and romance
设计理念:美国的先民们从遥远的欧洲来到这块新天地,为了逃避欧洲的腐败堕落,在没有欧洲封建的宗教和制度的种种束缚下,去开拓一片崭新的世界。他们在这片广阔的天地间获得了大的自由释放。面对整片荒野,他们感受到原始自然的神秘博大,心灵受到强烈的震憾。自然的纯真、朴实、充满活力的个性产生了深远的影响力,造就美国充满了自由、奔放的天性。
Design concept: the ancestors of the United States came to this Xintiandi from far away Europe. In order to escape the corruption and degeneration of Europe, they explored a new world without the shackles of European feudal religions and systems. They have gained great freedom in this vast world. Facing the whole wilderness, they felt the mystery and vastness of primitive nature, and their hearts were strongly shocked. The natural innocence, simplicity and energetic personality have had a far-reaching impact, creating a free and unrestrained nature in the United States.
元素:草坪、灌木、鲜花、躺椅、秋千、烧烤架等。
Elements: lawn, shrub, flowers, reclining chair, swing, barbecue rack, etc.
四、日式庭院
4、 Japanese courtyard
一方庭院山水,而容千山万水景象,草是经过疏理精心种在石缝中和山石边的;树是刻意挑选、修剪过的,它是关键,要以一当十;一小片薄薄的水面,滴水的声响,要勾起你许多想念;石材的形态质感、色彩组合要提炼成神化的山水。太多的人工的痕迹,反倒衬出了浓缩的自然体验,纯净化的景象留下了大片思想的空白,这也就是东方景观的特征。
On one side of the courtyard, there are mountains and rivers, and the grass is carefully planted in the crevices and the sides of the mountains and stones; Trees are deliberately selected and pruned. It is the key to take one as ten; A small piece of thin water, dripping sound, to remind you of many miss; The shape, texture and color combination of stones should be refined into deified landscapes. Too many artificial traces, on the contrary, set off a concentrated natural experience, and the pure purification of the scene left a large ideological gap, which is the characteristics of the Oriental landscape.
特点:简练而精于细节
Features: concise and refined in details
设计理念:日本庭院受中国文化的影响很深,也可以说是中式庭院一个精巧的微缩版本,细节上的处理是日式庭院精彩的地方。此外,由于日本是一个岛国,这一地理特征形成了它独特的自然景观,较为单纯和凝练。
Design concept: Japanese courtyard is deeply influenced by Chinese culture, which can also be said to be a delicate miniature version of Chinese courtyard. The treatment of details is a wonderful place for Japanese courtyard. In addition, because Japan is an island country, this geographical feature forms its unique natural landscape, which is relatively simple and concise.
元素:碎石、残木、青苔、石灯、整形树
Elements: gravel, residual wood, moss, stone lamp, plastic tree
五、伊斯兰式庭院
5、 Islamic courtyard
特点:风格亲切、精致、静谧
Features: friendly, exquisite and quiet style
设计理念:由于干旱少雨、土地贫瘠、植被稀疏的地理条件限制,喜爱林荫树,高墙内植树,同时认为世界是形和色的世界,设计多采用花草、几何、数字图案精美线条和鲜艳色彩,在构图上讲求规整矩形,追求单纯几何形
Design concept: due to the geographical conditions of drought and little rain, barren land and sparse vegetation, I like shade trees and plant trees in high walls. At the same time, I think that the world is a world of shape and color. The design mostly adopts flowers and plants, geometry, digital patterns, exquisite lines and bright colors. In the composition, I stress on regular rectangles and pursue simple geometric shapes
要素:水池、喷泉、林荫树、五彩植物、蓝色瓷砖
Elements: pools, fountains, shade trees, colorful plants, blue tiles
六、地中海式庭园
6、 Mediterranean Garden
地中海式庭园能唤起人们的一些鲜明意象,如雪白的墙壁、铺满瓷砖的庭园、陶罐中摇曳生姿的花卉等。它的基础色调源自风景和海景的自然色彩,石墙或刷漆的墙壁构成了泥绿色、海蓝色、锈红色的背景幕墙。园内有大小形状不一的花盆,是这类庭园的一个显著特征,这是因为那里夏季气候非常干燥。它遍及西班牙、葡萄牙、希腊及法国等。基本布局呈几何形状。整体上偏好颜色明亮、大胆、丰富却又简单,偏爱使用象征太阳的黄色、天空的蓝色、地中海的青以及橘色,主打色为蓝与白色。植物选择以易于养护的副热带常绿硬叶林为特色的造型植物,结合大胆的几何造型、光滑的质地和简洁的植被,来创造富有戏剧性结构和特性的庭院。
Mediterranean gardens can arouse people's vivid images, such as snow-white walls, gardens covered with tiles, and flowers swaying in pottery pots. Its basic tone comes from the natural color of scenery and sea view. Stone walls or painted walls form mud green, sea blue and rust red background curtain walls. There are flowerpots of different sizes and shapes in the garden, which is a remarkable feature of this kind of garden, because the summer climate there is very dry. It spreads all over Spain, Portugal, Greece and France. The basic layout is geometric. On the whole, they prefer bright, bold, rich but simple colors. They prefer to use yellow, which symbolizes the sun, blue in the sky, blue and orange in the Mediterranean. Their main colors are blue and white. Plants choose modeling plants characterized by subtropical evergreen hardwood forests that are easy to maintain, combined with bold geometric modeling, smooth texture and simple vegetation, to create a courtyard with dramatic structure and characteristics.
特点:抽象迷人、尊贵景致、色彩绚丽
Features: abstract and charming, noble scenery, gorgeous colors
设计理念:地中海风格庭院是两方面因素的结合,其一是不加修饰的天然风格,其二是对色彩、形状的细微感受。以景观为焦点,对空间的分割,来突出焦点和形成对比,有色彩鲜明的硬质景观、现代雕塑和富有戏剧性的水景。新型建筑材料和大胆、鲜艳色彩以及新奇结构的应用赋予了传统园艺新的内涵,现代庭园的设计应该是住宅的延伸,能充分展现出住宅的建筑风格、规模和形式。
Design concept: Mediterranean style courtyard is a combination of two factors, one is the natural style without decoration, and the other is the subtle feeling of color and shape. Focusing on the landscape, the division of space highlights the focus and forms a contrast. There are brightly colored hard landscapes, modern sculptures and dramatic waterscape. The application of new building materials, bold, bright colors and novel structures endows traditional gardening with new connotations. The design of modern gardens should be an extension of housing, which can fully show the architectural style, scale and form of housing.
元素:雕塑小品、仿真整形植物
Elements: sculptures, simulated plastic plants
七、东南亚风格庭院
7、 Southeast Asian style courtyard
庭院景观属“湿热型”热带园林景观的范畴,以东南亚资源丰富、多姿多彩的热带观赏植物为特色,适宜追求独特风格,有土地和资本的人群,适宜庭院,宜建于低纬度地区,面积广阔的地区。
Courtyard landscape belongs to the category of "humid and hot" tropical garden landscape, which is characterized by rich and colorful tropical ornamental plants in Southeast Asia. It is suitable for people who pursue unique style, have land and capital, suitable for courtyard, and suitable for building in low latitude areas with a wide area.
特点:风格粗犷自然、休闲浪漫
Features: rough and natural style, casual and romantic
元素:中心亭、水池、动物雕塑、木材和其他的天然原材料、青铜和黄铜
Elements: Central Pavilion, pool, animal sculpture, wood and other natural raw materials, bronze and brass
以上就是为大家介绍的有关庭院景观设计的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务hhttp://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is a detailed introduction to the courtyard landscape design for you. I hope it will help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude hhttp://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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