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塑石假山怎样用石?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/534.html  更新时间:2022-07-11
假山的材料有两种,一种是天然的山石材料,仅仅是在人工砌叠时,以水泥作胶结材料,以混凝土作基础而已;另外一种是水泥混合砂浆、钢丝网或GRC(低碱度玻璃纤维水泥)作材料,人工塑料翻模成型的假山,又称“塑石”、“塑山”。塑石的优点是造型随意、多变,体量可大可小,色彩可多变,重量轻,节省石材,节省开支具有现代气息的塑石作品。利用假山大型建筑物特性对园林空间进行分隔和划分,将空间分成大小不同、形状各异、富于变化的各种空间形态。
There are two kinds of rockery materials. One is natural rock material, which only uses cement as the cementation material and concrete as the foundation when stacking manually; The other is a rockery made of cement mixed mortar, steel wire mesh or GRC (low alkalinity glass fiber cement) and formed by artificial plastic turnover, also known as "plastic stone" and "plastic mountain". The advantages of plastic stone are that the shape is random and changeable, the volume can be large or small, the color can be changeable, the weight is light, and the stone and expenditure can be saved. Plastic stone works with modern flavor. Using the characteristics of large rockery buildings, the garden space is separated and divided into various spatial forms with different sizes, shapes and changes.
通过假山的穿插、分隔、夹拥、围合、聚汇,在假山区可以创造出山路的流动空间、山坳的闭合空间、山洞的拱穹空间、峡谷的纵深空间等各具特色的空间形式。
Through the insertion, separation, pinching, enclosure and convergence of rockeries, the flow space of mountain roads, the closed space of mountain depressions, the arch space of caves, the deep space of valleys and other distinctive spatial forms can be created in the rockery area.
假山还能够将游人的视线或视点引到高处或低处,创造仰视和俯视空间景象。
Rockery can also lead tourists' line of sight or viewpoint to high or low places, creating upward and downward looking space scenes.
园林假山能够提供的环境类型比平坦地形要多得多。在塑石假山区,不同坡度、不同坡向、不同光照条件、不同土质、不同通风条件的情况随处可寻,这就给不同生态习性的多种植物都提供了众多的良好的生长环境条件,有利于提高假山区的生态质量和植物景观质量。
Garden rockery can provide more types of environment than flat terrain. In the plastic rock rockery area, the conditions of different slopes, slope directions, lighting conditions, soil properties and ventilation conditions can be found everywhere, which provides many good growth environmental conditions for a variety of plants with different ecological habits, which is conducive to improving the ecological quality and plant landscape quality of the rockery area.
以天然山石材料制作假山时,常用的石材有以下几种:
When making rockeries with natural rock materials, the following kinds of stones are commonly used:
1、湖石
1. Lake stone
石灰岩:色以青黑、白、灰为主,产于江、浙一带山麓水旁。质地细腻,易为水和二氧化碳溶蚀,表面产生很多皱纹涡洞,宛若天然抽象图案一般。
Limestone: its color is mainly cyan black, white and gray, and it is produced by the Piedmont water in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. The texture is delicate, easy to be corroded by water and carbon dioxide, and there are many wrinkles and holes on the surface, just like natural abstract patterns.
2、黄石
2. Yellowstone
细砂岩:色灰、白、浅黄不一,产于江苏常州一带。材质较硬,因风化冲刷造成崩落,沿节理面分解后形成了许多不规则的多面体,石面轮廓分明,锋芒毕露。
Fine sandstone: gray, white and light yellow, produced in Changzhou, Jiangsu Province. The material is hard, and it collapses due to weathering and scouring. After decomposition along the joint surface, many irregular polyhedrons are formed, with clear stone surface and sharp edges.
3、英石
3. Quartz
石灰岩:色呈青灰、黑灰等,常夹有白色方解石条纹,产于广东英德一带。因山水溶融风化,表面涡洞互套、褶皱繁密。
Limestone: it is blue grey, black grey, etc. and often mixed with white calcite stripes. It is produced in Yingde, Guangdong. Due to the melting and weathering of mountains and rivers, the surface vortices are nested and folded densely.
4、斧劈石
4. Chop stone with an axe
沉积岩:有浅灰、深灰、黑、土黄等色。产于江苏常州一带。具竖线条的丝状、条状、片状纹理,又称剑石,外型挺拔有力,但易风化剥落。
Sedimentary rocks: light gray, dark gray, black, earthy yellow and other colors. It is produced in Changzhou, Jiangsu Province. Filamentous, strip-shaped and flaky textures with vertical lines, also known as sword stone, have a straight and powerful appearance, but are prone to weathering and peeling.
5、石笋石
5. Stalagmite
竹叶状灰岩:色淡灰绿、土红,带有眼窠状凹陷,产于浙、赣常山、玉山一带。形状越长越好看,往往三面已风化而背面有人工刀斧痕迹。
Bamboo leaf Limestone: light grayish green, earthy red, with eye socket shaped depression, produced in Changshan and Yushan of Zhejiang, Jiangxi. The longer the shape, the better it looks. Three sides are often weathered and there are artificial knife and axe marks on the back.
6、千层石
6. Melaleuca stone
沉积岩:铁灰色中带有层层浅灰色,变化自然多姿,产于江、浙、皖一带。沉积岩中有多种类型、色彩。
Sedimentary rock: iron gray with layers of light gray, naturally varied, produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui. There are many types and colors in sedimentary rocks.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关园林假山制作的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is a detailed introduction about the making of garden rockeries, which I hope will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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