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当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 新闻中心 > 风景园林中景观石的置石的方法

风景园林中景观石的置石的方法

来源:  更新时间:2022-05-16
随着生活水平的提高,现在许多人都会装饰自己的庭院,做为装饰庭院园林的重要之一的石材,更是有许多放置的学问。
With the improvement of living standards, now many people will decorate their own gardens. As one of the important stones for decorating gardens, they have a lot of knowledge of placement.
置石是以石材或仿石材布置成自然露岩景观的造景手法。置石还可结合它的挡土、护坡和作为种植床或器设等实用功能,用以点缀风景园林空间。置石一般以观赏为主,结合一些功能方面的作用,以山石为材料,作独立性或附属性的造景布置。
Stone placement is a kind of landscape making technique that uses stone or imitation stone to form a natural exposed rock landscape. Stone placement can also be combined with its practical functions such as soil retaining, slope protection and planting bed or device to decorate the landscape space. Stone placement is generally based on viewing, combined with the functions of some functions, and takes mountain stones as materials for independent or subsidiary landscape layout.
主要表现山石的个体美或局部的组合而不具备完整的山形。置石一般体量较小而分散,园林中容易实现,它对单块山石的要求较高,通常以配景出现,或作局部的主景,是特殊性的独立景观。置石能够用简单的形式,体现较深的意境,达到“寸石生情”的艺术效果。
It mainly shows the individual beauty or local combination of mountains and stones, but does not have a complete mountain shape. Stone placement is generally small and scattered, which is easy to realize in the garden. It has high requirements for a single mountain stone. It usually appears as a matching scene or as a local main scene. It is a special independent landscape. Stone placement can use a simple form to reflect a deeper artistic conception and achieve the artistic effect of "inch stone generates emotion".
中国传统园林崇尚自然,园林构图一般以山水为主,其它景物围绕山水来布局。因而山石是不可缺少的造园要素,在园林中起着十分重要的构景作用。置石组景不仅有其独特的观赏价值,而且能陶冶情操,给人们无穷的精神享受。
Chinese traditional gardens advocate nature. The composition of gardens is generally dominated by mountains and rivers, and other scenery is arranged around mountains and rivers. Therefore, rocks are an indispensable element of gardening and play a very important role in landscape construction. Stone scenery not only has its unique ornamental value, but also can cultivate sentiment and give people infinite spiritual enjoyment.
特置;在江南称为立峰,这是山石的特写处理,常选用单块、体量大、姿态富于变化的山石,也有将好几块山石拼成一个峰的处理方式。
Special; It is called Lifeng in the south of the Yangtze River. This is a close-up treatment of mountains and stones. Single rocks with large volume and changeable posture are often used. There are also treatment methods of combining several rocks into one peak.
散置;又称为"散点",这类置石对石材的要求较"特置"为低,以石之组合衬托环境取胜。常用于园门两侧、廊间、粉墙前、山坡上、桥头、路边等,或点缀建筑、可装点角隅,散点要作出聚散、断续、主次、高低、曲折等变化之分。
Scattered; Also known as "scattered point", this kind of stone has lower requirements for stone than "special place", and wins by setting off the environment with the combination of stones. It can be used to decorate the front wall and corner of the road, followed by the height and corner of the road, and can be used to decorate the front wall and corner of the bridge.
群置;大散点则被称为"群置",于"散点"之异处是其所在的空间较大,置石材料的体量也较大,而且置石的堆数也较多。在土质较好的地基上作"散点",只需开浅槽夯实素土即可。土质差的则可以砖瓦之类夯实为底。大散点的结构类似于掇山。山石几案的布置宜在林间空地或有树荫的地方,以利于游人休息。同时其安装也忌像一般家具的对称布置,除了其实用功能处,更应突出的是它们的造景功能,以它们的质朴、敦实给人们以回归自然的意境。
Group; Large scattered points are called "group", and the difference between "scattered points" is that they are located in a large space, the volume of stone materials is also large, and the number of piles of stones is also large. Make "scattered points" on the foundation with good soil quality, and only open shallow grooves to tamp the plain soil. If the soil is poor, bricks and tiles can be compacted as the bottom. The structure of large scattered points is similar to Duoshan. The arrangement of several mountain and stone cases should be in the open space between trees or in the place with shade, so as to facilitate tourists to rest. At the same time, their installation should not be like the symmetrical layout of general furniture. In addition to their practical functions, what should be highlighted is their landscaping function, which gives people the artistic conception of returning to nature with their simplicity and compactness.
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