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园林假山的建筑特点是什么?

来源:  更新时间:2022-05-06
山石造景在中国园林史上占有重要地位。在景观设计中,山石的运用随处可见。景观石不仅美观实用,而且取材方便,几乎无处不在。景观石应用广泛,在景观设计中随处可见,如公园、草坪小径、水景护岸、别墅院落、室内装饰、门廊等建筑都需要景观石进行装饰。下面忠远园林来为大家简单的介绍一下。
Stone landscape plays an important role in the history of Chinese gardens. In landscape design, the use of rocks can be seen everywhere. Landscape stone is not only beautiful and practical, but also convenient to obtain materials, almost everywhere. Landscape stones are widely used and can be seen everywhere in landscape design, such as parks, lawn paths, waterscape revetments, villas and courtyards, interior decoration, porches and other buildings need landscape stones for decoration. Next, Zhongyuan garden will give you a brief introduction.
1、 园林假山的建筑特点
1. Architectural characteristics of garden rockery
由于假山的建设者或多或少都有人工的艺术思想,所以很容易创造出理想的效果,很好地创造出假山的壮丽气势。为了创造一些无法堆叠的巨型假山,这种艺术造型可以与现代建筑更加协调。此外,通过模仿等艺术手段,可以很好地展示不同石材的具体风格,如千层石、云纹石、灵璧石等。假山施工灵活方便,不易受地形、地貌的限制。在岩石巨大重量和体积无法进入的空间中,假山建筑可以创造更好的效果。假山便于设置附属设施的位置,如假山的绿化、水槽的水滴位置和系统的设置。
Because the builders of rockeries have more or less artificial artistic ideas, it is easy to create ideal effects and create the magnificent momentum of rockeries. In order to create some giant rockeries that cannot be stacked, this artistic modeling can be more coordinated with modern architecture. In addition, through imitation and other artistic means, the specific styles of different stones can be well displayed, such as Qianceng stone, moire stone, Lingbi stone and so on. Rockery construction is flexible and convenient, and is not easy to be limited by terrain and landform. Rockery can create a better effect in the space inaccessible to the huge weight and volume of rock. Rockery is convenient for setting the location of auxiliary facilities, such as the greening of rockery, the location of water droplets in water tank and the setting of system.
2、假山施工中的基础施工
2. Foundation construction in rockery construction
在假山地基的施工中,坚实牢固。一般说来,假山地基的面积比假山大50cm左右。具体施工主要采用以下两种施工方法:
In the construction of rockery foundation, it is solid and firm. Generally speaking, the area of rockery foundation is about 50cm larger than that of rockery. The following two construction methods are mainly adopted:
1、木桩基础
1. Wooden pile foundation
采用杉木桩或松木桩作为假山地基的方法是古园林假山施工中常用的基础方法。到目前为止,它仍然具有一定的使用价值,特别是在园林水体的护岸上。
The method of using FIR pile or pine pile as rockery foundation is a common foundation method in ancient garden rockery construction. So far, it still has certain use value, especially on the revetment of garden water body.
木桩直径一般为1~15cm,一般呈梅花状排列,木桩间距一般为20cm。木桩的达到硬土层,其顶部比水体底部高出十到几十厘米。在它们之间,用条石压顶,然后用块石预埋,然后在此基础上进行山石施工。
The diameter of wooden piles is generally 1 ~ 15cm, which is generally arranged in plum blossom shape, and the spacing of wooden piles is generally 20cm. The top of the wooden pile reaches the hard soil layer, and its top is ten to tens of centimeters higher than the bottom of the water body. Between them, the top is pressed with strip stones, and then embedded with block stones, and then the mountain stone construction is carried out on this basis.
2、混凝土基础
2. Concrete foundation
混凝土基础是目前假山基础施工中常用的方法。该地基的特点是施工速度快,抗压强度高。一般来说,假山是假山,**低的选择是C10混凝土,而在水休息中的假山基础主要是C20清水混凝土或C15混凝土砂浆块石为基础。在具体的施工过程中,有时要根据土层或山体的质量、体积和高度对地基进行加筋。
Concrete foundation is a common method in the construction of rockery foundation at present. The foundation is characterized by fast construction speed and high compressive strength. Generally speaking, rockery is a rockery, and C10 concrete is the best choice, while the rockery foundation in water rest is mainly C20 fair faced concrete or C15 concrete mortar block stone. In the specific construction process, sometimes the foundation should be reinforced according to the mass, volume and height of soil layer or mountain.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关假山设计安装http://www.sdjnjingguan.com的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务
The above is about the rockery design and installation http://www.sdjnjingguan.com I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service
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