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塑石假山设计与制作的手法

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/496.html  更新时间:2022-04-22
相地布局:混假于真;即选择和结合当地自然环境条件确定山水的间架和山水形势;
Mix true with false; That is to select and combine the local natural environmental conditions to determine the landscape frame and landscape situation;
宾主分明:确定你需要主要突出的假山,再配上其他的植物、小置石,突出主体部分。依皴合山:按照水脉和山石的自然石纹,将零碎的山石材料堆砌成为有整体感和一定类型的假山,使之远观有“势”,近看有“质”和对比衬托,包括大小、曲直、起伏、险夷等。
Clear between the host and the guest: make sure you need to highlight the rockery, together with other plants and small stones to highlight the main part. According to the natural stone pattern of water vein and mountain stone, the fragmentary mountain stone materials are stacked into a rockery with a sense of integrity and a certain type, so that it has "potential" in the far view and "quality" and contrast in the near view, including size, straightness, fluctuation, dangerous planation, etc.
在塑石假山工程结构方面主要技术是要求有稳固耐久的基础,递层而起,石间互咬,等分平衡,达到“其状可骇,万无一失”的效果。
In terms of the engineering structure of plastic stone rockery, the main technology is to have a stable and durable foundation, rise layer by layer, bite each other between stones and balance equally, so as to achieve the effect of "its shape can be terrible and safe".
1.写意假山和形象假山
1. Freehand rockery and image rockery
写意假山:是以自然界的名山奇峰为蓝本,但并非简单的模拟,而是撷其神,取其意,与艺术手法结合,创造出“虽有人作,宛自天开”的艺术作品。如苏州环秀山庄的湖石假山,它以苏州大石山为模本,但并不以奇异的山峰取胜,而是从整体着眼,局部着手,在有限的空间里,掇出了可以乱真的石灰岩山水景观。通过高远、平远、深远这三远变化,创造出了不断连绵起伏的群山形象,穿石洞,越天桥,翻悬崖,山回路转,余脉绵绵,使游人在闹市中享受到浓郁的山林野趣。造园者就是利用对比,衬托和人的视觉差这些手法,造出了千岩万壑的气势。
Freehand rockery: it is based on the famous mountains and peaks in nature, but it is not a simple simulation, but a combination of its spirit, its meaning and artistic techniques to create an artistic work of "although it is made by people, it seems to be opened from the sky". For example, the Lake stone rockery in Huanxiu villa in Suzhou is modeled on the big stone mountain in Suzhou, but it does not win with strange peaks. Instead, it focuses on the whole and starts with parts, and creates a limestone landscape that can be confused in a limited space. Through the three remote changes of high, flat and far-reaching, it has created a continuous image of mountains, through stone caves, overpasses, cliffs, mountain loops and continuous veins, so that visitors can enjoy rich mountain forest and wild interest in the downtown. The gardener created the momentum of thousands of rocks and valleys by using the techniques of contrast to set off the difference between people's vision.
形象假山:是模仿自然界中各种动物的姿势、神态堆筑而成,妙在似是而非之间,吸引游人驻足期间,激游人联想翩翩,达到了以假乱真的艺术效果。号称“假山之园”的狮子林即为一例。狮子林的假山石,都形似狮子,千姿百态。大有旷野群狮之胜概,但又不是刻意写实,设计者追求的是恰到好处的似与不似,欲显还掩,神秘,朦胧美。手法多样,变化丰富,给人一种雄奇秀丽的感受。
Image rockery: it is built by imitating the postures and expressions of various animals in nature. The beauty is between specious and paradoxical. During the period of attracting tourists to stop, it stimulates tourists to associate with pianpianpian, and achieves the artistic effect of confusing false with true. The lion forest, known as the "rockery garden", is an example. The rockery stones in the lion forest look like lions in various shapes. There is a great possibility of the victory of wild lions, but it is not deliberately realistic. What the designer pursues is just the right similarity and dissimilarity. It is mysterious and hazy beauty to show and hide. Various techniques and rich changes give people a magnificent and beautiful feeling.
2.散置石
2. Scattered stone
散置石是用少数几块大小不等的山石,按照自然岗阜石块出没、显露于山坡的章法安置石块的山石理景艺术和手法。散置石理景在苏州古典园林中得到了灵活的应用,多被设计理景于庭院,或置于门侧、廊间,或池边等。散置石理景手法关键在“散漫”。“是以散漫理之,可得佳境也”,“或依嘉树卉木,聚散而理”。如耦园的“耦园”圆洞门前庭院的散置石,表现出了“虚庭蔓草秋茸茸,忽然幻出高低峰;云根槎牙丛筱密,直疑天造非人工”的效果。
Scattered stones are the art and technique of arranging stones in a few mountain stones of different sizes according to the rules of natural mound stones appearing and appearing on the hillside. Scattered stone landscape has been flexibly applied in Suzhou classical gardens. It is mostly designed in the courtyard, or placed on the side of the door, corridor, or pool. The key technique of scattered stone scenery lies in "carelessness". "It is based on loose reasoning, which can lead to a beautiful scene", "or gather and disperse according to the beautiful trees and flowers". For example, the scattered stones in the courtyard in front of the round cave gate of "Yuyuan" in Yuyuan Garden show the effect of "the virtual court is covered with tendrils and fluffy autumn, suddenly showing high and low peaks; the cloud roots and teeth are dense, and it is suspected that the sky is not artificial".
以上就是为大家介绍的有关水泥假山制作的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is a detailed introduction to the production of cement rockery. I hope it will be helpful to you If you have any questions, please contact us We will provide you with professional service http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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