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景观园林设计中的空间艺术的特点介绍

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/442.html  更新时间:2021-10-05
1、以植被为主的空间艺术分析
1. Analysis of space art based on vegetation
因我国气候特点,以植被为特色的景观园林主要采用竹子、盆栽、灌木、乔木以及具有观赏性的草本植物和水生植物等。根据园林表达的主题不同来选取不同的植物进行设计。例如,庭院多以高大的乔灌木为主,营造出闲适的氛围;道路多以鲜艳花卉为主,营造安全的效果;纪念性园林多以竹子、松柏为主,营造庄严肃穆的气氛。可见,不同植物的合理应用能够展现不同主题所表达的艺术效果,但应当因地理位置、地形起伏、主题需求的不同而妥善选取。在选择植物时,要考虑空间的布局和大小,如果空间较大,则可以摆放一些高大的凤尾竹,如果空间有限,则可以摆放盆景。总之,植物需要与空间相得益彰,为人们营造舒适的环境,让人们徜徉其中,放松心情。
Due to China's climate characteristics, landscape gardens characterized by vegetation mainly use bamboo, potted plants, shrubs, trees, ornamental herbs and aquatic plants. According to the theme of garden expression, different plants are selected for design. For example, the courtyard is dominated by tall trees and shrubs to create a leisure atmosphere; The roads are mainly bright flowers to create a safe effect; Memorial gardens are mainly made of bamboo, pine and cypress, creating a solemn atmosphere. It can be seen that the rational application of different plants can show the artistic effects expressed by different themes, but they should be properly selected due to different geographical location, topographic relief and theme needs. When selecting plants, the layout and size of the space should be considered. If the space is large, some tall Fengwei bamboo can be placed. If the space is limited, bonsai can be placed. In short, plants need to complement space, create a comfortable environment for people, let people wander among them and relax.
2、以水体为主的空间艺术分析
2. Analysis of space art based on water
合理应用水元素能够为园林增加生机与动力。其造型千变万化,可平静无波、可奔涌流动,运用水元素,依据场所、功能的不同设计湖泊、池塘、河流等水体景观,可以发挥空间艺术的独特魅力。这样能够起到画龙点睛的作用,同时还能够做到曲径通幽,让潺潺的流水净化人们的心灵。需要注意的是,园林中的水应该循环流淌,真正做到顺流而下,周而复始。
Rational application of water elements can increase vitality and power for gardens. Its shape is ever-changing. It can be calm and flowing without waves. By using water elements and designing water landscapes such as lakes, ponds and rivers according to different places and functions, it can give full play to the unique charm of space art. In this way, it can not only make the finishing point, but also make the winding path lead to the secluded, and let the gurgling water purify people's hearts. It should be noted that the water in the garden should flow in a circular way, so that it can flow down the river and start again and again.
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3、以地形为主的空间艺术分析
3. Analysis of space art based on terrain
地形是所有主题的景观园林的骨架支柱,是直接作用于景观园林空间艺术设计方案的重要因素,在对景观园林进行空间艺术设计时一定要把握好其地形特点、探查其地势高低,利用地形的起伏大小、角度差异为人们打造舒适的活动场所。例如,利用我国云南喀斯特地貌打造的石林景观,福建武夷山一线天峡谷等独具特色的空间艺术设计,让人们拥有震撼的触觉与视觉体验。我国地形种类多样,可充分利用地形的特点,进行别出心裁的设计,如盆地和丘陵,就能营造悠扬婉转的空间,同时为人们设下疑念,让人们享受发现探索全貌的乐趣。但是在设计的过程中,要确保人们情绪不受到地形变化的困扰,要让人们有探索的欲望。
Terrain is the backbone of all theme landscape gardens and an important factor that directly affects the space art design scheme of landscape gardens. When designing the space art of landscape gardens, we must grasp its terrain characteristics, explore its terrain height, and make use of the large and small fluctuations and angle differences of terrain to create a comfortable activity place for people. For example, the unique space art design, such as the stone forest landscape created by the karst landform in Yunnan, Fujian and the Yixian sky Canyon in Wuyi Mountain, Fujian, gives people a shocking tactile and visual experience. There are various types of terrain in China. We can make full use of the characteristics of the terrain and carry out unique design, such as basins and hills, which can create a melodious and graceful space, set doubts for people, and let people enjoy the fun of discovering and exploring the whole picture. However, in the process of design, we should ensure that people's emotions are not troubled by terrain changes, and let people have the desire to explore.
4、以建筑为主的空间艺术分析
4. Analysis of space art based on Architecture
建筑既可作为景观园林的点睛之作,也可为园林提供重要的服务设施。作为其空间艺术的组成部分时,需要丰富其功能。例如,文化艺术走廊、观景台等,一方面供人们观赏,另一方面供人们休憩。而作为基础设施时,为了搭配景观园林空间艺术设计的不同风景构图,建筑作为园林中的重要服务设施,应对其外观、功能进行设计与改造,确保园林中的建筑与园林环境相协调,相互穿插而无各自独立之感,既能保障建筑功能的应用,又能体现其空间艺术之美。对建筑而言,需要根据位置和功能进行设计,如果供游客观赏,就需要宽敞明亮,气势恢宏,如果供游客休息,就需要小巧精致,让人们感到轻松自在。一般而言,建筑内部的空间要根据人员流动情况进行科学的设计,保证人们身在其中能够感到恰到好处。
Architecture can not only be the highlight of landscape architecture, but also provide important service facilities for landscape architecture. As a part of its space art, it needs to enrich its functions. For example, cultural and art corridors and viewing platforms are for people to watch on the one hand and rest on the other. As infrastructure, in order to match the different landscape composition of landscape garden space art design, architecture, as an important service facility in the garden, should design and transform its appearance and function to ensure that the architecture in the garden is coordinated with the garden environment, interspersed with each other without a sense of independence, which can not only ensure the application of architectural functions, but also reflect the beauty of space art. For architecture, it needs to be designed according to location and function. If it is for tourists to watch, it needs to be spacious, bright and magnificent. If it is for tourists to rest, it needs to be small and exquisite to make people feel relaxed and comfortable. Generally speaking, the space inside the building should be scientifically designed according to the flow of people to ensure that people can feel just right in it.
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