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假山制作过程是怎么样的?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/416.html  更新时间:2021-07-01
没有见过假山施工的人都会比较好奇,假山的制作过程是怎样的呢?甚至有些见过真石假山制作的人会说:“原来真石假山做起来这么简单啊!就是把石头垒起来嘛,太简单了,这根本就不要什么技术嘛”其实我想说的是,大家看到的其实都是非常表面的东西。
People who have not seen the rockery construction will be more curious. What is the production process of rockery? Even some people who have seen the production of real rock rockery will say: "it's so easy to make real rock rockery! It's too simple to build stones. It doesn't need any technology. "In fact, what I want to say is that what you see is very superficial.
以上水石假山为例,在假山制作过程中,经常盘石头的师傅,首先能够判定一个假山需要多少吨石料,基本上猜测的都是准确无误的,怎样用较少的石料做出好的效果,不是说一个假山用的石料越多越好,石料在运到现场前,假山师傅要胸有成竹,观察石头的外形,轮廓,什么样的石头做山脚,什么样的石头垫底,什么样的石头做假山的中部,什么样的石头做假山的顶部,进行选石后,然后进行石料的加工,该做出山洞的地方做山洞,高度不够的石料有时会提前拼接好,尽量把每一块石料都加工的富有变化,这样做出来的假山才更加的有韵味,才称的上艺术品。
Taking Shuishi rockery as an example, in the process of rockery production, the master who often pans stones can first determine how many tons of stone a rockery needs. Basically, his guess is accurate. How to use less stone to make a good effect is not to say that the more stone a rockery uses, the better. Before the stone is transported to the site, the master should be confident and observe the shape of the stone, Outline: what kind of stone is used for the foot of the mountain, what kind of stone is used for the bottom, what kind of stone is used for the middle of the rockery, and what kind of stone is used for the top of the rockery. After selecting the stone, the stone is processed. The place where the cave should be made is the cave. Sometimes the stone with insufficient height will be spliced in advance, so as to process every stone as much as possible, Only in this way can the rockery be more charming and become a work of art.
一切准备妥当后,石料运到现场,假山制作前,要先给假山做墩子,假山并不是实实在在的做在水池里面,要先用砖头其墩子,墩子之间互相连接,有空隙,也方便鱼儿的穿行嬉戏。然后就要进行假山拉底的施工了。假山垫底是一定要选择坚硬的,扁平的石料,一定要垫稳当,石与石之间互相咬合,缝隙填上碎石料进行灌浆,这是基础,假山的所有重量都将压在拉底石料上,所以一定要垫的平稳,然后才能进行下一步的工作。
After everything is ready, the stone will be transported to the site. Before the rockery is made, it is necessary to make a pier for the rockery. The rockery is not actually made in the pool. First, it is necessary to use bricks to make the pier. The piers are connected with each other, so that there is a gap, and it is convenient for the fish to walk and play. Then we will carry out the construction of the bottom of the rockery. Rockery bottom is to choose hard, flat stone, must be stable, stone and stone bite each other, gap filled with crushed stone for grouting, this is the foundation, all the weight of rockery will be pressed on the bottom stone, so must be smooth, and then can carry on the next work.
假山制作过程中,哪些地方需要安,哪些地方要连,哪些地方拼,哪些地方接,哪些地方需要撑等等,这些技巧都是通过假山师傅的不断实践而总结出来的,每一个假山师傅做出来的假山作品风格也是不太一样的,他们都有着自己的风格习惯。
In the process of rockery production, which parts need to be installed, which parts need to be connected, which parts need to be put together, which parts need to be connected, and which parts need to be supported, etc. these skills are summarized through the constant practice of rockery masters. The style of rockery works made by each rockery master is also different. They all have their own style and habits.
漂亮的石头是一定要做假山的头部的。同时在假山制作过程中,还要注意一些细节问题,石与石衔接的地方一定要进行处理,可以用石粉直接甩在衔接水泥处,这样做出来的假山才看着是一个整体。
Beautiful stone must be the head of rockery. At the same time, in the process of rockery production, we should also pay attention to some details. The place where the stone is connected with the stone must be treated, and the stone powder can be directly thrown at the cement joint. Only in this way can the rockery be seen as a whole.