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假山制作方法有哪些呢?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/news/373.html  更新时间:2021-01-19
市场上的假山类别很多,制作工艺也有很多种,济南锦山绣水就根据多年的假山制作经验,为大家介绍一下假山制作方法。假山主要分为两大类别,分别为真石园林假山和塑石假山,假山制作的方式也主要分为真石垒石法和假山直塑法。
There are many kinds of rockery on the market, and there are many kinds of production technology. Jinan Jinshan Xiushui introduces the production method of rockery based on many years of rockery production experience. Rockery is mainly divided into two categories, namely, the real stone garden rockery and the plastic stone rockery. The way of making rockery is also mainly divided into the real stone base stone method and the direct plastic rockery method.
1,真石园林假山的叠石法主要采用自然石料叠法制作而成,根据石料的性质不同,假山制作方法也不一样,千层石和龟纹石等层岩类石料,采用横叠法;湖石和黄石等方形石料采用点叠法,石料叠完后采用水泥砂浆勾缝。
1. The stacking method of natural stone is mainly used to make the rockery. According to the nature of the stone, the manufacturing method of rockery is also different. The horizontal stacking method is used for layered rock materials such as Melaleuca stone and moire stone; the point stacking method is used for square stone materials such as Lake stone and Yellowstone, and the cement mortar is used for pointing after stacking.
假山制作方法
真石园林假山选用的石料类型较多,具体的方法也有所不同,在国内分为很多的叠石做山流派,分别有岭南派、苏扬派等。
There are many types of stone materials for rockery in real stone garden, and the specific methods are also different. In China, there are many schools of making rockery by folding stones, including Lingnan School and Suyang school.
2,水泥直塑法的塑石假山,分为钢结构骨架、水泥砂浆层和颜色层,分为3道大工序、7道小工序完成,仿造自然山石的纹理制作。这种假山制作方法是目前塑石假山的常用直塑方法
2. The stone rockery of cement direct plastic method is divided into steel structure skeleton, cement mortar layer and color layer, which is divided into three major processes and seven minor processes to imitate the texture of natural rocks. This kind of rockery making method is the common direct molding method of stone rockery at present
水泥直塑法制作的塑石假山适合各种场合,整体质量较轻,可以完全替代真石园林假山。
The stone rockery made by cement direct plastic method is suitable for all kinds of occasions, the overall weight is light, and can completely replace the real stone garden rockery.
3,翻模制作的塑石假山,从自然山石脱模翻制岩片制作而成的塑石假山,主要类型有GRC假山、GRG假山、玻璃钢假山、塑料假山,该类型的假山制作方法来源于翻模雕塑,但岩片拼装比较复杂,造价也较高,室外用途越来越少,主要运用于室内环境中。
3. The plastic rock rockery made from molds, and the plastic rock rockery made from natural rock demoulding, mainly includes GRC rockery, GRG rockery, FRP rockery, and plastic rockery. The production method of this type of rockery comes from molds and sculptures, but the assembly of rock pieces is complex, the cost is high, and the outdoor use is less and less, which is mainly used in the indoor environment.
4,泡沫雕刻塑石假山,拼装泡沫板后采用电阻丝加热切割出所需的假山造型,加石膏塑细纹制作塑石假山的纹理,然后作色完成,这种假山制作方法适用于小型的假山造型,主要用途为展览和室内短期造景。泡沫雕刻法来源假山小样制作法,工序简单,施工工期短,但想做出仿真度高的塑石假山,需要由专业美工来完成。
4, foam carving stone rockery, assembled foam board, using resistance wire to cut out the required rockery shape, and plaster plastic fine lines to make the texture of the stone rockery, and then finish the color. This method of making rockery is suitable for small rockery modeling, mainly for exhibition and indoor short term landscaping. The foam carving method is based on the method of making rockery samples. The process is simple and the construction period is short. However, a rockery with a high degree of simulation is required to be completed by professional artists.