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盆景制作的一些基本方法有哪些?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/industry/601.html  更新时间:2023-03-02
一、露根盆景
1、 Bare root bonsai
1、浅栽挑根用浅盆培养,选用主根发达易造型的半成品树桩。将根基部侧根条理别致的露出盆土。对树根基部侧根不宜直接露出的,可用挑根的办法将根挑出盆面,结合树桩的形式,合理培养露根。
1. Shallow planting and root picking are cultivated in shallow pots, and semi-finished stumps with well-developed taproot and easy to shape are selected. Expose the lateral roots of the root base to the basin soil. If the lateral roots at the base of the tree root should not be exposed directly, the root can be picked out of the basin surface by picking the root, and the form of tree stump can be combined to reasonably cultivate the exposed roots.
2、提根露根用深盆培养。通过换盆等措施,将根逐年提起高出盆土,达到观赏目的。也可先将部分根露出盆面再培土,生长一段时间后,再扒去土促型早成。
2. Root extraction and root dew were cultured in deep pots. By changing the pot and other measures, the root will be lifted higher than the pot soil year by year to achieve the ornamental purpose. You can also expose part of the root to the surface of the basin and then cultivate the soil. After growing for a period of time, remove the soil to promote the early growth of the type.
3、压条插枝对不宜直接露根的树桩,如树桩基部长出枝条,待半木质化后,将枝条环剥,压入盆土,待生根后及时剪去枝条,以达到露根目的。
3. For tree stumps that are not suitable for direct rooting, such as tree stumps with long branches, after semi-lignification, the branches shall be peeled and pressed into the pot soil, and the branches shall be cut off in time after rooting to achieve the purpose of rooting.
图片
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二、丛树盆景
2、 Bush bonsai
1、选用浅盆,能显示出丛林野趣,旷野风情,使树显大,给人视觉更为深远,还可在浅盆内堆起土堆、配石、布景,使盆景更加生动活泼。
1. Selecting a shallow basin can show the wildness of the jungle and the wilderness style, make the trees bigger and give people a more profound vision, and also pile up mounds of earth, stones and scenery in the shallow basin to make the bonsai more lively.
盆景制作
2、丛林盆景选用的素材一般是小灌木,在栽植时要大小相异,高矮相错,否则景观呆板,缺少生气。
2. The materials selected for the jungle bonsai are generally small shrubs, which should be different in size and different in height when planting, otherwise the landscape will be dull and lack of vitality.
3、丛林盆景在制作上,树桩宜有进有退,空间有疏有密,构图上产生起伏变化,要有“林”的感觉,不要让人有窒息的感觉。
3. In the production of the jungle bonsai, the stumps should move forward and backward, the space should be sparse and dense, and the composition should fluctuate. It should have the feeling of "forest", not suffocating.
4、盆景内树木如长时间不修剪,往往枝杈横生,纠缠不清。因此,要随时修剪,保持空间结构和疏密关系,提高观赏价值。
4. If the trees in the bonsai are not pruned for a long time, the branches are often intertwined. Therefore, it is necessary to trim at any time, maintain the spatial structure and density relationship, and improve the viewing value.
图片
picture
三、微型盆景
3、 Miniature bonsai
1、取材造型微型盆景取材,一般选择枝细叶小,上盆易活,根干奇特,花果艳丽,容易造型的材料,如五叶松、小叶罗汉松、细叶冬青、六月雪、文竹、雀梅等。也可到野外挖取合适的树桩造型后栽植。造型时常用棕丝结扎法,铅丝缠绕法、折枝等方法。
1. Material modeling The miniature bonsai is generally made of materials with small branches and leaves, easy to grow in pots, peculiar root trunks, beautiful flowers and fruits, and easy to shape, such as five leaf pine, small leaf arhat pine, fine leaf holly, June snow, asparagus, bromelia, etc. You can also dig suitable stumps in the field and then plant them. Palm wire binding method, lead wire winding method, branch breaking and other methods are commonly used in modeling.
2、上盆养护在整形的同时要将树木从泥盆中移栽到紫砂盆或釉盆中。一般高深筒盆,适合于悬崖式;椭圆或浅长方形盆,宜栽直干或斜干式;多角浅盆,且栽高干式;圆形盆可配置低矮盘曲植物。栽植后养护:盆土宜经常保持湿润,冬季保持适宜的温度,盛夏宜置于被阴处。生长期间要薄肥勤施,一般每10天施一次。可施用腐熟的豆饼、蹄片水等,亦可施用全元素复合花
2. The trees should be transplanted from the clay pot to the purple sand pot or glaze pot while the upper basin maintenance is being reshaped. General high and deep tub, suitable for cliff type; Elliptical or shallow rectangular basin, suitable for planting straight or inclined dry; Shallow pot with multiple angles and high dry planting; The round pot can be equipped with low convoluted plants. Maintenance after planting: the soil in the basin should always be kept wet, the temperature should be kept at a suitable temperature in winter, and it should be placed in the shade in midsummer. During the growth period, thin fertilizer should be applied frequently, generally once every 10 days. You can use rotten bean cake, water for hoof slices, etc., and you can also use all-element compound flowers
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