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假山制作中的山石的布局手法

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/industry/579.html  更新时间:2023-01-11
假山是一门讲究意境的造型艺术,它是自然界名山大川的艺术缩影。营造石质假山通常采用的石料,按其质地分为软、硬两大类。大型的园林假山主要用硬质石料创作。由于硬质石料所具有的天然形态、纹理、色彩等特点,通常依据其天然姿态来确定创作主题,因材立意造型。
The rockery is a plastic art that stresses artistic conception. It is the art miniature of famous mountains and rivers in nature. The stone materials commonly used to build stone rockeries are divided into soft and hard according to their texture. Large garden rockeries are mainly made of hard stone. Due to the natural shape, texture, color and other characteristics of hard stone, the theme of creation is usually determined according to its natural posture, and the design is based on material.
在园林假山的营造过程中,山石的布局手法尤为关键,主要有以下几方面:
In the process of building garden rockeries, the layout of rocks is particularly critical, mainly in the following aspects:
1,假山中的主次, 分清主次假山中所有山石的风格、质地、色彩、纹理、脉络必须一致。但山形、大小、高低必须有变化。山峰高高低低,参差不齐;山腰线要流畅,左右要有变化,一边坡度陡,一边坡度缓,使山的造型形成一种动势;山脚要有回抱、曲折,线条要流利自如,以突出假山中水的柔软。
1. The primary and secondary rockeries should be distinguished. The style, texture, color, texture and vein of all rocks in the primary and secondary rockeries must be consistent. But the shape, size and height of the mountain must change. The peaks are uneven; The mountainside line should be smooth, and there should be changes on the left and right sides. The slope on one side is steep, and the slope on the other side is slow, so that the shape of the mountain forms a momentum; The foot of the mountain should be folded and twisted, and the lines should be fluent to highlight the softness of the water in the rockery.
2,假山中的疏密,疏密得当疏密有致是指山石分布不可平均。在园林假山的造型布局中,山石皴纹、群峰位置、植物点缀、小品配置等,都要做到疏密有致。通常,园林假山的主峰一带的密处,山石布置得密,树木栽植得密;而在配峰部分相对较稀疏。
2. The density in the rockery, if it is appropriate, it may mean the uneven distribution of rocks. In the modeling and layout of garden rockeries, the texture of mountains and rocks, the location of peaks, plant decorations, and the configuration of sketches should be dense and uniform. Generally, in the dense area around the main peak of the garden rockery, the rocks are densely arranged and the trees are densely planted; The peak-matching part is relatively sparse.
3,假山中的开合,讲究开合在园林假山的艺术造型中,开是起势,合是收尾。立峰是开,坡脚是合;近山是开,远山是合。一般的园林假山布局都是由3 至4个开合组成,开合的交替出现,可以使假山体现出节奏韵律。
3. The opening and closing of rockeries should be particular. In the artistic modeling of garden rockeries, opening is the beginning and closing is the end. The peak is open and the slope toe is closed; Close to the mountain is open, and far from the mountain is closed. The general layout of garden rockeries is composed of 3 to 4 openings and openings. The alternation of opening and closing can make rockeries reflect rhythm.
4,假山中的虚实,虚实相生在假山艺术中,虚实既指艺术境界,又指艺术的处理手法。所谓艺术境界是指园林假山所表现出来的深远意境(称为虚境)和假山所形成的真实景观(称为实境)。所谓虚实的艺术手法是指园林假山所表现出来的虚空与实在。
4. The virtual and real in the rockery, and the virtual and real are born in the rockery art. The virtual and real refer to both the artistic realm and the artistic processing methods. The so-called artistic realm refers to the profound artistic conception expressed by the garden rockery (called virtual realm) and the real landscape formed by the rockery (called real realm). The so-called virtuality and reality art means the emptiness and reality shown by the garden rockery.
5,假山中的露与藏,露中有藏 露中有藏是指园林假山要能展现出一个景外有景、景中生情的动人画面,创造深远意境。
5. Dew and hide in the rockery, and hide in the dew and hide in the dew means that the garden rockery should be able to display a moving picture with scenery outside the scene and emotion in the scene, and create a profound artistic conception.
6,假山中的空与白,空白处理 空白在假山中所占空间的大小,对整个布局效果起着重要的作用。如要表现湖光山色、海岛风光等题材时,空白处宜大、山角处理宜简洁;而表现重山峻岭,峡谷险滩等题材时,则空白处宜小些,山角处理也宜复杂、多变。
6. Space and white in the rockery, and the size of the space occupied by blank processing in the rockery play an important role in the overall layout effect. If you want to express the theme of lakes and mountains, island scenery, etc., the blank should be large, and the treatment of mountain corners should be simple; However, when presenting themes such as mountains, valleys and rapids, the blank space should be smaller, and the treatment of mountain corners should also be complex and changeable.
7,假山中的透视,透视处理 物体给人的感觉总是近大远小、近高远低、近宽远窄、近清远迷,这种现象叫透视现象。根据透视现象,园林假山中的近景和主景宜清晰和具体;中景则着重表现山石的块面结构;远景则着重表现出山势和山形。
7. Perspective in the rockery. Perspective processing objects always give people the feeling of being close to big and far small, near high and far low, near wide and far narrow, and near and far away. This phenomenon is called perspective phenomenon. According to the perspective phenomenon, the close view and main view in the garden rockery should be clear and specific; In the middle view, it focuses on the block structure of rocks; The perspective focuses on the mountain terrain and shape.
8,假山中大与小,小中见大 在园林假山中,常以点石显示高山的雄伟;以小树衬托出山峰的壮观;以小屋、小亭等体现群山的磅礴气势。
8. Large rockeries and small rockeries, small rockeries and large rockeries in the garden, often show the majesty of high mountains with dotted stones; The majesty of the mountain peaks is set off by small trees; The houses and pavilions reflect the majestic momentum of the mountains.
假山制作技艺是一项经验不断积累的过程,各种石料垒砌假山所形成的风格也不经相同。这些都需要我们假山工作者的不断学习后创新。
The rockery making technique is a process of continuous accumulation of experience, and the styles of rockeries built with various stones are also different. All of these require our rockery workers' continuous learning and innovation.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关景石安装详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is a detailed introduction to the installation of the landscape stone. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide you with our service with our attitude http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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