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庭院景观水景设计

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/industry/544.html  更新时间:2022-08-10
水景景观以水为主。水景设计应结合场地气候、地形及水源条件。南方干热地区应尽可能为居住区居民提供亲水环境,北方地区在设计不结冰期的水景时,还必须考虑结冰期的枯水景观。
The waterscape is dominated by water. Waterscape design shall be combined with site climate, terrain and water source conditions. The dry and hot areas in the South should provide a hydrophilic environment for the residents in the residential area as much as possible. When designing the Waterscape in the ice free period in the north, the dry water landscape in the ice free period must also be considered.
自然水景
Natural Waterscape
自然水景与海、河、江、湖、溪相关联。这类水景设计必须服从原有自然生态景观,自然水景线与局部环境水体的空间关系,正确利用借景、对景等手法,充分发挥自然条件,形成的纵向景观、横向景观和鸟瞰景观。应能融合居住区内部和外部的景观元素,创造出新的亲水居住形态。
The natural waterscape is related to the sea, river, river, lake and stream. This kind of waterscape design must obey the original natural ecological landscape, the spatial relationship between the natural waterscape line and the local environmental water body, correctly use the methods of borrowing scenery and matching scenery, and give full play to the natural conditions to form the vertical landscape, horizontal landscape and bird's-eye view landscape. It shall be able to integrate the landscape elements inside and outside the residential area to create a new hydrophilic residential form.
自然水景的构成元素
Constituent elements of natural Waterscape
水体设计
Water body design
一个城市会因山而有势,因水而显灵。喜水是人类的天性。水体设计是景观设计的重点和难点。水的形态多样,千变万化。景观设计大体将水体分为静态水和动态水的设计方法。静有安详,动有灵性。
A city will have power because of mountains and will show its spirit because of water. It is human nature to like water. Water body design is the key and difficult point of landscape design. The forms of water are diverse and changeable. Landscape design generally divides water into static water and dynamic water. There is serenity in silence and spirituality in motion.
根据水景的功能还可以将其分为观赏类,嬉水类。
According to the function of waterscape, it can also be divided into viewing and water playing.
水体设计要考虑以下几点:
The following points shall be considered in the design of water body:
1.水景设计和地面排水结合;
1. Combination of waterscape design and ground drainage;
2.管线和设施的的隐蔽性设计;
2. Concealed design of pipelines and facilities;
3.防水层和防潮性设计;
3. Waterproof layer and moisture-proof design;
4.与灯光照明相结合;
4. Combined with lighting;
5.寒冷地区考虑结冰防冻。
5. Consider freezing and freezing in cold areas.
驳岸
Revetment
(1)驳岸是亲水景观中应重点处理的部位。驳岸与水线形成的连续景观线是否能与环境相协调,不但取决于驳岸与水面间的高差关系,还取决于驳岸的类型及用材的选择。驳岸类型见表。
(1) The revetment is a key part in the hydrophilic landscape. Whether the continuous landscape line formed by the revetment and the water line can be coordinated with the environment depends not only on the height difference between the revetment and the water surface, but also on the type of revetment and the selection of materials. See the table for the type of revetment.
(2)对居住区中的沿水驳岸(池岸),无论规模大小,无论是规则几何式驳岸(池岸)还是不规则驳岸(池岸),驳岸的高度,水的深浅设计都应满足人的亲水性要求,驳岸(池岸)尽可能贴近水面,以人手能触摸到水为最佳。亲水环境中的其他设施(如水上平台、汀步、栈桥、栏索等),也应以人与水体的尺度关系为基准进行设计。
(2) For the waterfront revetment (pool bank) in the residential area, regardless of the scale, whether it is regular geometric revetment (pool bank) or irregular revetment (pool bank), the height of the revetment and the depth of the water shall meet the hydrophilicity requirements of people. The revetment (pool bank) shall be as close to the water surface as possible, and it is best to touch the water with hands. Other facilities in the hydrophilic environment (such as water platform, Tingbu, trestle, lanyard, etc.) shall also be designed based on the scale relationship between people and water.
景观桥
Landscape Bridge
(1)桥在自然水景和人工水景中都起到不可缺少的景观作用,其功能作用主要有:形成交通跨越点;横向分割河流和水面空间;形成地区标志物和视线集合点;眺望河流和水面的良好观景场所,其独特的造型具有自身的艺术价值。
(1) The bridge plays an indispensable landscape role in both natural and artificial waterscape. Its main functions include: forming traffic crossing points; Horizontal division of river and water surface space; Forming regional landmarks and sight gathering points; A good viewing place overlooking the river and water surface, its unique shape has its own artistic value.
(2)景观桥分为钢制桥、混凝土桥、拱桥、原木桥、锯材木桥、仿木桥、吊桥等。居住区一般采用木桥、仿木桥和石拱桥为主,体量不宜过大,应追求自然简洁,精工细做。
(2) Landscape bridges are divided into steel bridges, concrete bridges, arch bridges, log bridges, sawn wood bridges, imitation wood bridges, suspension bridges, etc. Generally, wooden bridges, imitation wooden bridges and stone arch bridges are mainly used in residential areas. The volume should not be too large. It should be natural, simple and exquisite.
用不锈钢或镀锌材料制作。
Made of stainless steel or galvanized material.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关庭院景观设计的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is the detailed introduction of the courtyard landscape design for you. I hope it will help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide you with services in a professional manner http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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