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当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 行业新闻 > 现代景观设计要素及一般设计思路

现代景观设计要素及一般设计思路

来源:  更新时间:2022-07-25
景观设计的概念是随着人类对于自然和自身认识程度的提高而不断完善和更新的。目前,景观设计主要包括规划和具体空间设计两个环节。而景观工作者所从事的景观设计工作,大多为具体空间设计这个环节。所以从侠义上讲,景观设计就是合理布局场地空间和组织场地内各设计要素,使其满足功能需求,同时,给人以赏心悦目,陶冶情操等感官和精神上的享受。
The concept of landscape design is constantly improved and updated with the improvement of human understanding of nature and themselves. At present, landscape design mainly includes planning and specific space design. Most of the landscape design work that landscape workers are engaged in is the specific space design. Therefore, from the perspective of chivalry, landscape design is to reasonably layout the space of the site and organize the design elements in the site to meet the functional needs. At the same time, it gives people sensory and spiritual enjoyment such as pleasing to the eye and cultivating their sentiment.
现代景观设计的基本构成要素为:植物、水体、构筑物(包含景观建筑)、铺装。
The basic elements of modern landscape design are: plants, water, structures (including Landscape Architecture), pavement.
植物:绿化植物是园林景观设计中最基本的生态要素。根据植物的种类及各种类植物自身的特性进行合理的组合,或者配合其他设计要素,可以营造出丰富的景观形式。
Plants: greening plants are the most basic ecological elements in landscape design. According to the species of plants and their own characteristics, a reasonable combination, or with other design elements, can create a rich landscape form.
水体:水体是园林景观设计中的重要要素,人类对水有着天然的亲近感,而且水的可塑性非常高,可以,以多种有趣的形式呈现,在景观设计中占有重要的席位。
Water body: water body is an important element in landscape design. Human beings have a natural sense of closeness to water, and the plasticity of water is very high. It can be presented in a variety of interesting forms and occupies an important position in landscape design.
地形:在现代景观设计中,地形已经逐渐演变成垂直方向上的高差处理和空间竖向设计,如台阶、平台、下沉、斜坡、微地形等。通过对场地在垂直方向上的设计,可以营造出丰富的场地空间形式。
Terrain: in modern landscape design, terrain has gradually evolved into vertical height difference processing and spatial vertical design, such as steps, platforms, subsidence, slopes, micro terrain, etc. Through the design of the site in the vertical direction, we can create a rich form of site space.
构筑物:构筑物种类繁多,形式变化多样,如亭、台、楼、阁以及各种景观小品、景墙、挡土墙等等。通常根据功能、审美、趣味等要求而布置在各个景观节点和游览路线上。
Structures: there are many kinds of structures with various forms, such as pavilions, platforms, buildings, pavilions, and various landscape sketches, landscape walls, retaining walls, etc. It is usually arranged on each landscape node and tour route according to the requirements of function, aesthetics, taste, etc.
铺装:铺装在景观设计中不可或缺,其表现形式可分为两种:一种是大面积硬质场地的铺装形式设计;另一种是园路,园路以线条的形式呈现,连接园内的各个空间,在形式上要求美观,在功能上要求统筹整个设计场地,其在整个景观设计中的重要地位不言而喻。
Pavement: pavement is indispensable in landscape design, and its manifestation can be divided into two types: one is the pavement form design of large-scale hard sites; The other is the Garden Road, which is presented in the form of lines, connecting all the spaces in the park. It requires beauty in form and overall planning of the whole design site in function. Its important position in the whole landscape design is self-evident.
根据设计场地的大小,景观设计的一般思路表现为以下三种形式:
According to the size of the design site, the general idea of landscape design is shown in the following three forms:
场地----功能分区----景观节点----设计要素(公园类大地块)
Site - Functional Zoning - landscape nodes - design elements (large park plots)
场地----景观节点----设计要素(广场类中等地块)
Site - Landscape node - design elements (square medium plot)
场地----设计要素(街头及宅旁绿地类小地块)
Site - design elements (small plots of green land near streets and houses)
根据场地的特性及设计要求按照以上三种形式在场地内布局、划分空间,确定各景观节点,
According to the characteristics and design requirements of the site, layout and divide the space in the site according to the above three forms, and determine each landscape node,
然后合理组织园路连接各个景观分区或景观节点,
Then reasonably organize the garden road to connect each landscape partition or landscape node,
最后利用设计要素--植物、水体、地形、构筑物、铺装对各景观节点进行深化设计,
Finally, use the design elements - plants, water, terrain, structures, pavement to deepen the design of each landscape node,
这样一个初步的景观设计方案便完成了!
Such a preliminary landscape design scheme is completed!
以上就是为大家介绍的有关景观设计的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above is a detailed introduction about landscape design for you. I hope it will help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
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