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当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 行业新闻 > 人工塑石假山施工在园林景观设计中的注意事项

人工塑石假山施工在园林景观设计中的注意事项

来源:  更新时间:2022-05-17
人工假山虽然工艺方面已经有很大跋涉,但在景观设计设计中仍是需求有留神和考虑的,中国古典园林设计全体都讲究“虽由人作,宛如天开”。我中华文明接连下来的风水问题,也非常重视。那人工塑石假山在园林景观设计中应该留神些什么呢?
Although the artificial rockery has made a great journey in terms of technology, it still needs attention and consideration in landscape design. All Chinese classical garden designs pay attention to "although it is made by people, it is like the sky". I also attach great importance to the successive Feng Shui problems of Chinese civilization. What should we pay attention to in the landscape design of artificial stone rockery?
1、做假山应先依据需求,协作环境方位,来选择人工假山的方位、形状与巨细凹凸。
1. To make artificial rockeries, we should first select the orientation, shape, size and concave convex of artificial rockeries according to the needs and the orientation of cooperative environment.
2、假山设计忌高点正对房子明间,更忌在其上建亭。
2. Rockery design avoid the high point facing the bright room of the house, but also avoid building a pavilion on it.
3、假山设计要参差有致。假山全体的笔直方向和水平方向都要有所参差,不宜过于屑细,是大伸大缩,留神全体效果。景石参差得宜,不只美丽,体现石块之间搭拉咬茬,然后跋涉假山山体天然美丽程度。
3. Rockery design should be uneven. The straight direction and horizontal direction of the rockery should be uneven. It should not be too thin. It is a large extension and contraction. Pay attention to the overall effect. The scenery and stones are not only beautiful, but also reflect the natural beauty of the rockery.
4、别墅园林设计中假山一般建于池侧,其高度不应只依据池面宽窄来选择,还要考虑池水高水位和对岸地平线的高度。
4. In villa garden design, rockery is generally built on the side of the pool, and its height should not only be selected according to the width of the pool surface, but also consider the high water level of the pool and the height of the horizon on the opposite bank.
5、如果是较小的宅院因面积有限,一般将假山设为房子的首要对景,一起可栽植花木,以增加愤慨削减人工味;还要留神花木的巨细、凹凸宜有层次。
5. If it is a small house, due to the limited area, the rockery is generally set as the primary view of the house, and flowers and trees can be planted together to increase indignation and reduce artificial flavor; Also pay attention to the size and concavity of flowers and trees, which should be hierarchical.
6、假山的体量须与空间持平,形状宜前低后高,概括应有改动。
6. The volume of rockery must be in line with the space, the shape should be low in front and high in the back, and the outline should be changed.
7、假山设计要有虚有实。山是实体而谷是虚体,构成了真假比照,使假山形体趋于活络。
7. Rockery design should be realistic. The mountain is an entity and the valley is an empty body, which constitutes a comparison between true and false, making the rockery shape tend to be flexible.
8、“山无草不活”,制造人工塑石假山时要按照全体造型要求在恰当当地留置培养穴,培养花草和树木,使整座假山显得生气勃勃,抵达以假乱真的效果。
8. "Mountains cannot live without grass". When making artificial plastic stone rockeries, cultivation holes should be reserved in appropriate places according to all modeling requirements to cultivate flowers, plants and trees, so as to make the whole rockery look vibrant and achieve the effect of confusing the fake with the real.
9、可多用烘托方法。可用侧峰来烘托主峰,方位、形体凹凸、巨细又互相烘托,以产生真假比照,增加山形的改动与立体感。 (1)、体形较小的假山,能够将主峰置于前部,运用左右峡谷、桥和较低的峰峦作烘托,也能使主峰恰当雄伟。但不论选用何种方法,主峰方位宜稍偏,假山山形较长者尤须如此。 (2)体形较大的大型假山,可将主峰置于后侧,其前以盘曲的蹬道,错综的台、谷、涧,瀑布、绝壁等,自下而上构成层层叠叠的杂乱形体,主峰天然显得巨大。
9. Multi purpose baking method can be used. The side peak can be used to set off the main peak, and the orientation, concave convex shape and size set off each other, so as to produce a comparison between true and false, and increase the change and three-dimensional sense of mountain shape. (1) The smaller rockery can place the main peak in the front, set off by left and right canyons, bridges and lower peaks, and make the main peak appropriate and majestic. However, no matter what method is selected, the orientation of the main peak should be slightly biased, especially for those with longer rockery shape. (2) For the large rockery with large shape, the main peak can be placed at the back. In front of it, there are winding pedals, intricate platforms, valleys, streams, waterfalls, cliffs, etc. from bottom to top, forming a disordered body layer by layer. The main peak naturally appears huge.
10、人工假山设计要留神山水结合,相映成趣。人工假山建成后,在假山前面或左右,可挖土筑池。以精巧细腻的艺术方法理好水景,把假山上的流水引入池中,构成假山瀑布跌水,使水得山而活,山得水而媚。
10. Artificial rockery design should pay attention to the combination of mountains and rivers. After the artificial rockery is completed, earth can be excavated in front of or around the rockery to build a pool. Manage the waterscape with exquisite and exquisite artistic methods, and introduce the water on the rockery into the pool to form a rockery waterfall, so as to make the water live and beautiful.
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