园林假山设计制作是一种讲究意境的造型艺术，是自然界名山大川的艺术缩影。 一般用于建造石质假山的石材，根据其质量分为软、硬两类。 大型园林假山设计制作主要由硬质石材建造。 由于硬质石材所具有的形态、纹理、色彩等特点，通常根据其形象决定创作主题，再根据材料的构思进行造型。
The design and production of garden rockery is a kind of plastic art that pays attention to artistic conception and is the artistic epitome of famous mountains and rivers in nature. Generally used for the construction of stone rockeries, the stones are divided into soft and hard according to their quality. The design and production of large-scale garden rockery is mainly made of hard stone. Due to the shape, texture, color and other characteristics of hard stone, the creative theme is usually determined according to its image, and then the modeling is carried out according to the idea of materials.
In the construction process of garden rockery design and production, the layout method of mountains and stones is particularly important, mainly including the following points.
1 )需要区分假山中的主要部分和主要部分，使主要部分和主要部分假山中所有石头的风格、质地、色彩、纹理、脉络一致。 但是，山形、大小、高低也要有一定的变化。 山高低，参差不齐； 山腰的线平滑，左右有一定的变化，一个坡度陡，一个坡度平缓，山的形状形成一个动静。 园林假山设计制作在山脚下，为了突显面朝山的水的柔软度，需要拥抱、蜿蜒、线条自由。
1) it is necessary to distinguish the main part and the main part of the rockery, so that the style, texture, color, texture and context of all stones in the main part and the main part of the rockery are consistent. However, the shape, size and height of mountains should also change to some extent. The mountains are high and low, uneven; The line of the hillside is smooth, and there are certain changes on the left and right. One slope is steep, the other is gentle, and the shape of the mountain forms a dynamic and static state. The garden rockery is designed and made at the foot of the mountain. In order to highlight the softness of the water facing the mountain, it needs to embrace, meander and free lines.
2 )园林假山设计制作中疏密、疏密适宜、疏密，意味着山石分布不均匀。 园林假山造型布局中，山石皱褶的图案、群峰的位置、植物的装饰、衬裙的布置等都要疏密。 通常，庭园假山主峰一带是*密的地方，山石密布，树木密植； 在配峰部分比较少。
2) in the design and production of garden rockery, density, suitable density and density mean that the distribution of mountains and stones is uneven. In the modeling and layout of garden rockery, the pattern of rock folds, the location of peaks, the decoration of plants and the layout of petticoats should be dense. Usually, the main peak of the garden rockery is a dense place with dense mountains and rocks and dense trees; There are few peaks in the peak matching part.
3 )园林假山设计制作中的开闭讲究的是庭园假山的艺术形式中的开闭，开是大势所趋，合是结束。 立峰为开，坡脚近合山为开，远山为合。 一般庭园的假山配置由3~4个开闭构成，开闭交替出现，可以使假山表现出节奏的节奏。
3) the opening and closing in the design and production of garden rockery pays attention to the opening and closing in the artistic form of garden rockery. Opening is the general trend and closing is the end. The peak is open, the foot of the slope is close to the Heshan, and the far mountain is close to the Heshan. Generally, the rockery configuration of the garden is composed of 3 ~ 4 openings and closures, which appear alternately, which can make the rockery show the rhythm of rhythm.
4、园林假山设计制作的虚实、虚实相生于假山艺术之中，虚实既指艺术的边界，也指艺术的处理手法。 艺术界是指庭园假山所表现出的深远意境(称为虚境)，假山形成的真实景观(称为实境)。 虚实的艺术手法是指庭园假山所表现出的虚空和真实存在。
4. The virtual reality and virtual reality in the design and production of garden rockery are born in the rockery art. The virtual reality not only refers to the boundary of art, but also refers to the handling method of art. The art world refers to the far-reaching artistic conception (called virtual environment) expressed by the garden rockery and the real landscape formed by the rockery (called real environment). The artistic technique of emptiness and reality refers to the emptiness and real existence shown by the rockery in the garden.
5) the exposure and hiding in the design and production of garden rockery, and the exposure and hiding in the exposure, means that the rockery in the garden has scenery outside the scenery, showing a moving picture full of feelings in the scenery, which can create a far-reaching artistic conception.
6 )园林假山设计制作中的天空和白色、空白处理空白在假山中所占的空间大小，对整个布局效果起着重要的作用。 表现湖光、山色、海岛风景等时，空白要大，山角的处理要简洁； 另外，以重山峻岭、峡谷险滩等为题材时，要缩小空白，山角的处理也要复杂多样。
6) the space occupied by the sky, white and blank processing in the design and production of garden rockery plays an important role in the overall layout effect. When expressing lake light, mountain scenery and island scenery, the blank should be large and the treatment of mountain corners should be concise; In addition, when taking heavy mountains, valleys and dangerous beaches as the theme, we should narrow the gap, and the treatment of mountain corners should also be complex and diverse.
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