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假山鱼池的怎么制作?

来源:  更新时间:2022-04-26
私家庭院假山鱼池制作工艺流程基本分六步奏,分别是根据庭院风水布局设计(确定朝向方位、选择哪一种假山石材,施工建造假山鱼池,假山砌接方法、安装过滤系统和水循环系统、假山花草植物(仿真植物和真实的植物)搭配元素。只要参考这个施工步奏流程,一座漂亮满意的假山就出现你眼前。
The production process of private courtyard rockery fish pond is basically divided into six steps, which are based on the courtyard Feng Shui layout design (determining the orientation, choosing which rockery stone, constructing rockery fish pond, rockery bonding method, installing filtration system and water circulation system, and matching elements of rockery flowers and plants (simulated plants and real plants). As long as you refer to this construction step process, a beautiful and satisfactory rockery will appear in front of you.
根据庭院风水布局设计
According to the courtyard Feng Shui layout design
私家庭院假山鱼池应该遵循自然规律和风水的角度来布局,确定假山的施工位置,经过五行园林庭院风水大师陶大师推荐和多年实践经验总结,私家庭院假山摆放方位是:西方位、西北方位、北方位、东北方位、西北方位。后有靠山前有活水,非富即贵,助你平步青云,事业如日冲天。具体根据业主每个人的偏好,整体布局合理来调整。
The layout of private courtyard rockery fish pond should follow the natural law and the perspective of Feng Shui to determine the construction location of rockery. After the recommendation of master Tao, the master of Feng Shui in the garden of five elements, and the summary of many years of practical experience, the placement orientation of private courtyard rockery is: West, northwest, north, northeast and northwest. There are backers behind you and living water in front of you. If you are not rich, you will be expensive. It will help you make progress and your career will soar like the sun. The overall layout shall be adjusted reasonably according to the preferences of each owner.
选择哪一种假山石材
What kind of rockery stone do you choose
私家庭院假山鱼池常用假山石材有:小英石头,千层石,太湖石,泰山石,富贵绿,青石,黄蜡石,可以根据个人喜好和各类石材价格来定,如广东地区一般会选择黄蜡石、英石。但现在更多人偏向泰山石,层次分明质感上乘,易搭配庭院其他泳池花草,彰显主人品味。
Rockery stones commonly used in private courtyard rockery fish ponds include: Xiaoying stone, Qianceng stone, Taihu stone, Taishan stone, Fugui green, bluestone and yellow wax stone. They can be determined according to personal preferences and the price of various stones. For example, yellow wax stone and quartz stone are generally selected in Guangdong. But now more people prefer Taishan stone, with clear layers and excellent texture. It is easy to match with other swimming pool flowers and plants in the courtyard to highlight the owner's taste.
施工建造假山鱼池
Construction of rockery fish pond
1、按施工图纸标高放线,挖土机开挖,确认鱼池形状,面积大小等
1. Set out according to the elevation of the construction drawing, excavate with excavator, and confirm the shape and area of the fish pond
2、底部周边扎钢筋:扎钢筋底部加固,钢筋8分就可以,周边钢筋围起来。
2. Tie reinforcement around the bottom: tie reinforcement at the bottom. The reinforcement can be divided into 8 points, and the surrounding reinforcement is enclosed.
3、底部布管道:
3. Bottom Piping:
4、倒混泥土:钢筋扎好后倒底部混泥土。
4. Pour concrete: pour the bottom concrete after the reinforcement is tied.
5、砌围边:用红砖把鱼池周围砌一圈,砌鱼池的形状。
5. Enclosure: build a circle around the fish pond with red bricks to build the shape of the fish pond.
6、建模板:钢筋扎完以后,采用木板沿着池壁建模。
6. Formwork construction: after the reinforcement is tied, the wooden board is used to model along the pool wall.
7、倒鱼池内壁:倒模版完成以后,往里面倒混泥土。
7. Inner wall of fish pond: after the inverted template is completed, pour concrete into it.
假山砌接制作方法
Fabrication method of rockery masonry
根据事先制作的假山模型,经过构思选用适当的树、石、山、草等素材,进行排列组合来完成这一立意。假山制作的基本操作流程,其实就是粘接。
According to the rockery model made in advance, after conception, select appropriate materials such as trees, stones, mountains and grass for arrangement and combination to complete this idea. The basic operation process of rockery production is actually bonding.
粘接山石的胶合剂有水泥(灰、白两种)、环氧树脂、307号-1不饱和聚脂树脂。从廉价、使用方便考虑,假山胶接多采用水泥,水泥的标号越高越
The adhesives for bonding mountain rocks include cement (gray and white), epoxy resin and 307-1 unsaturated polyester resin. Considering the cheapness and convenience of use, cement is mostly used for rockery bonding, and the higher the grade of cement, the better
1、先要调好水泥浆,注意浆要随用随调,还要注意浆的稀稠度。为增加凝固时间,可在水泥中适量加入堵漏材料;对于石体上需附着造型石体,可用云石胶固定,在胶体干后用水泥浆覆盖胶体,以协调整体色调。
1. First, adjust the cement slurry. Note that the slurry should be adjusted with use, and pay attention to the thickness of the slurry. In order to increase the setting time, an appropriate amount of plugging materials can be added to the cement; For the shaped stone body to be attached to the stone body, it can be fixed with dolomite glue. After the colloid is dry, cover the colloid with cement slurry to coordinate the overall tone.
2、石材加工,把需要胶接的石头用锤、凿、锯等工具加工出纹理和比较奇特的形状来。为保证于上下石体相互支撑,对接触部位还需进行切割加工。
2. Stone processing: use hammer, chisel, saw and other tools to process the stones that need to be glued into textures and strange shapes. In order to ensure that the upper and lower stone bodies support each other, the contact parts need to be cut.
3、粘合山体,在需要粘合的山石面用涂上水泥浆使山石吻合为一体,粘合时要注意,对于比较大、重、粘不稳的石材,不要用小木棍支撑好,再粘接,待水泥浆完全干好以后,再把木棍撤去。尽量使山石粘合处看不出断裂的痕迹,还要注意把粘合处多余的浆清理干净。
3. For bonding the mountain, the surface of the mountain stone to be bonded shall be coated with cement slurry to make the mountain stone fit into one. During bonding, pay attention to that for the large, heavy and unstable stone, do not support it with a small wooden stick, and then bond it. After the cement slurry is completely dry, remove the wooden stick. Try to make the bonding place of mountain stones free from fracture traces, and pay attention to clean up the excess slurry at the bonding place.
为了接近自然,胶结泥未干时可在接缝处涂撒本石料的石屑。胶合后,先用其它的支撑物给予辅助。化胶在24小时可凝固硬结,水泥夏季半天、冬季1-2天后可搬动。水泥胶合后的3-4小时,可用小刀锯条轻轻刮掉多余或污染石身的水泥,并在接缝处拉出与石料同样的纹理来。
In order to be close to nature, when the cemented mud is not dry, the stone chips of this stone can be coated at the joint. After gluing, use other supports to assist. The chemical glue can solidify and harden in 24 hours, and the cement can be moved in half a day in summer and 1-2 days in winter. After 3-4 hours of cement bonding, use a small knife and saw blade to gently scrape off the excess or contaminated cement of the stone body, and pull out the same texture as the stone at the joint.
安装过滤循环系统
Installation of filter circulation system
喷水池、小瀑布的回水方式大都采用自循环式。即采用一个水泵,从池内吸水,并将水供至瀑布的源头处,瀑布水再回落至水池内,周而复始地循环。如果池内水变少时,可打开补水阀门,将新鲜自来水加入池内。
The return water of fountain and small waterfall mostly adopts self circulation type. That is, a water pump is used to absorb water from the pool and supply water to the source of the waterfall. The waterfall water then falls back into the pool and circulates again and again. If there is less water in the pool, open the make-up valve and add fresh tap water into the pool.
假山花草搭配
Rockery flowers and plants collocation
私家庭院假山上浮土一般较少,适合种植较耐干旱的植物,松竹比较适合,侧面石头缝隙可以种一些耐贫瘠土质有根状茎或肉质根的花卉,推荐吊兰(观叶)等,也可适当一些仿真植物。这样耐风水日晒维护成本降低。
There is generally less floating soil on the rockery in the private courtyard, which is suitable for planting drought resistant plants. Pine and bamboo are more suitable. Some flowers with root or fleshy roots that are resistant to barren soil can be planted in the stone gap on the side. Chlorophytum (foliage) is recommended, and some simulation plants can also be appropriate. In this way, the maintenance cost of wind, water and sun resistance is reduced.
石山流水一旁适宜种植一些阔叶观叶花卉,龟背竹、春芋之类的就可以,如果有静水,菖蒲、睡莲是少不了的,瀑布下面可以种植蕨类等喜阴植物,整体布置完毕以后可以很少的点缀一些色彩艳丽这就根据个人爱好选择了。
It is suitable to plant some broad-leaved foliage flowers, such as turtle backed bamboo and spring taro. If there is still water, Acorus calamus and water lily are indispensable. Shade loving plants such as ferns can be planted under the waterfall. After the overall layout is completed, some colors can be rarely decorated, which can be selected according to personal hobbies.、
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