Rockery, a traditional art in Chinese gardens, has a history of more than 2000 years. Its production should go through four stages: material selection, pool building, mountain folding and decoration. Material selection: for the production of large mountain stones, whether hard stones or soft stones, whether absorbing water or not, it is required to achieve the unity of stones and specifications (block or strip). Pond building: stacking mountains to manage water. Pond building is a means of managing water.
Water is the blood of the mountain. Water is the spirit. There are many types of pools. It is usually round, usually 5 to 10 meters in diameter and 80 to 120 cm deep; Water depth minus 20 cm mouth edge, keep 60 cm to 100 cm; Pipes are reserved at the bottom of the tank for drainage. Stack mountain: rockery, whether multi-body (combined type) or single body (isolated peak type); It is composed of three parts: subject (main peak), object (guest peak) and lining (low mountain).
Rockery production generally adopts the lofty method and far-reaching method in traditional Chinese painting. High and far method: the subject should be arranged on the front left or right. If the subject is on the left, the object is on the right, forming an open and close type, one large and one small, one high and one low, echoing each other. The main peak is tall and steep, and the back hillside extends slowly, which is connected with the rear seat lining (distant mountain).
The main peak stands in front of you, forming a straightforward way to hide first, which makes people feel that the greater the realm is, the more attractive it is to the landscape in the middle, which makes visitors need to move forward to find out. Far reaching method: the height proportion of the subject is the same as that of the high and far method. Its position should be arranged on the left or right of the middle, and the object should be placed on the right or left in front. The subject and object echo each other from a distance, and the lining body is behind. The multi-layer structure of the single scene constitutes each body level of the near (object), medium (subject) and far (lining) scene, so as to strengthen the positive perspective and increase the depth of the landscape. The total area of the mountain is generally not more than half or less than half of the water surface. In this way, enough space will be left for the audience to associate and imagine, so as to achieve the effect of "no scenery here is better than scenery" and "seeing reality in emptiness".
"The mountain borrows trees as clothes, and the tree takes the mountain as bone". Only by reasonably configuring plants, can the landscape have bones, meat and God. Plants with beautiful posture, small and evergreen leaves, poor growth, long life and strong adaptability are usually selected. Cliff rockery should be planted with some hanging plants.