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假山制作需要哪些工具的辅助?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/industry/445.html  更新时间:2021-10-15
1、铁锤
1. Hammer
在山东假山制作中,铁锤主要用于敲打山石或取山石的刹石和石皮。刹石用于垫石,石皮用于补缝常用的是2磅左右的小锤,用于敲打山石或取刹石、石皮时要“识纹辨丝”。纹指石纹是石料的表面纹理脉络。丝是石质的丝路。石纹有时与石丝同向运动,但有时也不一样。
In the production of rockery in Shandong, the hammer is mainly used to knock or take the brake stone and stone skin of mountain stones. The brake stone is used for pad stone and the stone skin is used for joint repair. The commonly used small hammer is about 2 pounds. When it is used to beat mountain stones or take brake stone and stone skin, it is necessary to "recognize lines and wires". Grain refers to stone grain, which is the surface texture vein of stone. Silk is a stone silk road. The stone grain sometimes moves in the same direction as the stone wire, but sometimes it is different.
所以要认真观察一下所要敲打的山石,识纹辨丝,找准丝路,而后运用巧劲,顺丝敲剥,才能随心所欲取得适合的刹石和石皮。其次,在山石拼叠使用刹石时,一般避免用锤直接敲打刹石,以免“硬碰硬”造成刹石碎裂,而提倡用锤木柄抵击打紧刹石就可以了。
Therefore, we should carefully observe the rocks to be knocked, recognize the lines and silk, find the Silk Road, and then knock and peel along the silk with ingenuity, so as to obtain the appropriate brake stone and stone skin at will. Secondly, when the brake stone is used for mountain stone stacking, it is generally avoided to directly hit the brake stone with a hammer to avoid the fragmentation of the brake stone caused by "hard hitting", and it is recommended to hit the brake stone with a hammer wooden handle.
2、刷子
2. Brush
刷子主要有竹刷、毛刷、钢丝刷。竹刷主要用于山石拼叠后水泥做缝口的扫刷。它要求在水泥未凝固前扫刷,一般工序是:天傍晚做的缝,第二天一早上工即先刷缝。也可以在刚做完的缝口处用毛刷沾清水洗涤。对凝固较硬的则需用钢丝刷清理了。
济南假山制作
Brushes mainly include bamboo brush, hair brush and steel wire brush. The bamboo brush is mainly used to brush the cement joint after the mountain stones are spliced and stacked. It requires brushing before the cement is solidified. The general process is: the joint is made in the evening of the next day, and the joint is brushed first in the morning of the next day. You can also wash the newly finished seam with a brush with clean water. The hard solidification shall be cleaned with a steel wire brush.
3、粗棕
3. Coarse brown
绳用粗棕绳捆绑山石进行搬运或吊装拼叠,好处是防滑、结实,只要不沾水,则比较柔软易打绳扣。尼龙化纤绳虽结实但伸缩性较大,钢丝绳结实很适用于较大块山石起吊,但结扣较难打,主要是因山石不是任意捆吊,而常常是要根据山石造型的需要进行捆吊的。石料拼叠时还要使捆绑山石的绳子不能被石料压在下面,要好抽好拿。绳子的结扣既要易打,又要好松,还不能松开滑掉,而是要越抽越紧:即山石自身越重,绳扣越紧。这样,山石落实了,绳子不吃重了,则绳扣自然可轻易解开。
The rope is bound with thick brown rope to carry or hoist the rocks. The advantage is that it is anti-skid and strong. As long as it is not exposed to water, it is relatively soft and easy to buckle the rope. Although the nylon chemical fiber rope is strong, it has great flexibility. The steel wire rope is strong, which is very suitable for the hoisting of large rocks, but it is difficult to make the knot, mainly because the rocks are not tied and hoisted arbitrarily, but often according to the needs of rock modeling. When the stones are spliced and stacked, the rope binding the rocks should not be pressed under the stones, so it is better to take them. The knot of the rope should be easy to hit and easy to loosen. It can't be loosened and slipped off, but it should be pulled more and more tightly: that is, the heavier the rock itself, the tighter the rope buckle. In this way, when the rocks are implemented and the rope is not heavy, the rope buckle can be easily untied.
4、小抹子
4. Small trowel
为做山石拼叠水泥接缝的专用工具。
It is a special tool for making mountain stone splicing cement joints.
5、毛竹片、筋夹、撑棍、木刹
5. Moso bamboo piece, rib clamp, support rod, wooden brake
主要用于临时性支撑山石,以利于山石拼接、拼叠和做缝,待混凝土凝固后再行拆除。
It is mainly used to temporarily support mountain rocks, so as to facilitate the splicing, stacking and joint of mountain rocks. It can be removed after the concrete is solidified.
6、脚手架和跳板
6. Scaffolding and springboards
用于高处山石的拼叠和做缝操作,应用脚手架和跳板,不仅便于山石拼接等操作,而且更加平安。
It is used for splicing and jointing of high mountains and stones. The application of scaffold and springboard is not only convenient for mountain and stone splicing, but also safer.
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