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人造塑石假山山脚的处理方式!

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/industry/421.html  更新时间:2021-07-21
假山山脚施工是山体施工起始部分,其主要工作包括拉底、起脚和做脚。这三部分是紧密联系的。
Rockery foot construction is the starting part of mountain construction, its main work includes bottom pulling, foot lifting and foot making. These three parts are closely related.
所谓拉底,就是在山脚线范围内砌筑一层山石,即做出垫底的山石层。拉底的方式和拉底山脚线的处理见下面的简述。
The so-called bottom pulling is to build a layer of rock within the range of the foot line, that is, to make a bottom layer of rock. The way to pull the bottom and the treatment of the bottom line are described below.
方式
mode
假山拉底的方式有满拉底和周边拉底两种。
There are two ways to pull the bottom of rockery: full pull and peripheral pull.
1.满拉底是在山脚线的范围内用山石满铺一层。这种拉底的做法适宜规模较小、山底面积也较小的假山,或在北方冬季有冻胀破坏地方的假山。
1. Manladi is to lay a layer of rocks in the range of the foot line of the mountain. This method is suitable for the rockery with small scale and small area at the bottom of the mountain, or the rockery with frost heaving damage in winter in the north.
2.周边拉底是先用山石在假山山脚沿线砌成一圈垫底石,再用乱石碎砖或泥土将石圈内全部填起来,压实后即成为垫底的假山底层。这一方式适合基底面积较大的大型假山。
2. The surrounding bottom pulling is to first build a circle of bottom stones along the foot of the rockery with rocks, and then fill all the stone circles with stones, broken bricks or soil, and then form the bottom layer of the rockery after compaction. This method is suitable for large rockery with large base area.
山脚线的处理
Treatment of foot line
1.露脚:即在地面上直接做起山底边线的垫脚石圈,使整个假山就象是放在地上似的。这种方式可以减少山石用量和用工量,但假山的山脚效果会梢差一些。
1. Barefoot: that is to say, a stone ring is directly made on the ground to make the whole rockery look like it is on the ground. This way can reduce the amount of rock and labor, but the effect of rockery will be worse.
2.埋脚:是将山底周边垫底山石埋入土下约20厘米,可使整座假山看上去仿佛是从地下长出来似的。在石边土中栽植花草后,假山与地面的结合就更加紧密、更加自然了。
2. Foot burying: it is to bury the rock around the bottom of the mountain into the soil for about 20 cm, so that the whole rockery looks as if it grows out of the ground. After planting flowers and plants in the rocky soil, the combination of rockery and ground will be closer and more natural.
技术要求
technical requirement
首先要注意选择适合的山石来做山底,不得用风化过度的松散的
First of all, we should pay attention to the selection of suitable rocks to make the bottom of the mountain, and should not use the over weathered loose rock
山石。其次,拉底的山石底部一定要垫平垫稳,保证不能摇动,以便于向上砌筑山体。第三,拉底的石与石之间要紧连互咬。第四,山石之间要不规则地断续相间,有断有连。第五,拉底的边缘部分,要错落变化,使山脚弯曲时有不同的半径,凹进时有不同的凹深和凹陷宽度,要避免山脚的平直和浑圆形状
Rocks. Secondly, the bottom of the rock must be padded flat and stable to ensure that it can not be shaken, so as to build up the mountain. Third, the stones of Ladi must be closely connected with each other. Fourth, the rocks are intermittently and irregularly connected. Fifth, the edge of the bottom should be staggered, so that when the foot of the mountain bends, it has different radii, and when it is concave, it has different concave depth and width. The straight and round shape of the foot of the mountain should be avoided