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人工塑石假山的上色方法

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-40-1.html  更新时间:2017-05-08
  在塑石假山制作过程中,山体上色是整个假山制作工作中最关键的一项。古人云:“三分画七分裱”就是对一件作品最后一道工序的认可,山体造型已分出远近、高低、凹凸、受光面与背光面等各种关系,我们最后需要用各种色彩把它们之间的这种关系更好的表现出来。
  The color of the mountain in the rockery, usually can be divided into: the former heavy, the latter light, the upper light, the lower, the concave is cold, the bulge is warm, this is the rule of the upper color. The coloring must follow this pattern. Must first to the whole mountain has a good understanding, not only look at the local, to combine the local geographic landform, strata and the surrounding natural environment to judge the colour collocation, and correct use of color in the environment change, be flexible and rich, make integral becomes active some, only in this way can the colour is good.
  塑石假山景观艺术作品的好坏往往取决于上色者对色彩的认识与理解和敏感度以及对色彩材料的选用;多看些油画、水彩画、水粉画类的书籍,熟练地掌握色彩与色彩之间的关系和表现方法。对所用的色彩理解,不光是调色,重要的是对色彩的化学原理要有所认识(避免脱色、褪色以及化学变化后的不良现象发生)。目前行业内塑石假山上色主要分为三种方式:
  Therefore, the man-made stone rockery landscape is not a simple fabrication, but a comprehensive application of various subjects, the art (i.e, flexibility). Now let's look at the coloring process and see how complex it is
  第一种方法:丙烯颜料与水稀释,直接用刷子刷在塑石上;
  The first method: acrylic pigment and water diluted, and the brush is applied directly on the plastic stone.
  第二种方法:主要是撞色色浆混合乳胶漆,利用喷枪设别喷涂;
  The second method: mainly to mix the emulsion paint with the colloid, use the spray gun to set up the spray.
  第三种方法:选用不同颜色的氧化铁颜料加白水泥再加适量的107胶配制而成。
  The third method: use different colors of iron oxide and white cement with the right amount of 107 gelatin.
  假山山体上色,一般情况下可分为:前重、后淡,上轻、下重,凹处冷,凸出处暖,这是上色的规律。上色者必须遵循这一规律。首先必须对整个山体有一个很好的认识,不能只看局部,要结合当地地理地貌、岩层和周边自然环境来判断色彩搭配,还要正确运用色彩在环境中的变化,做到灵活多变而且丰富,使整体变得活跃一些,只有这样才能把色彩上好。所以,人工制作塑石假山景观不是一个简单意义上的制作,而是多个科目上的综合运用、艺术(即变通)的处理。下面我们来看看上色工序就可见其复杂程度。
  The color of the mountain in the rockery, usually can be divided into: the former heavy, the latter light, the upper light, the lower, the concave is cold, the bulge is warm, this is the rule of the upper color. The coloring must follow this pattern. Must first to the whole mountain has a good understanding, not only look at the local, to combine the local geographic landform, strata and the surrounding natural environment to judge the colour collocation, and correct use of color in the environment change, be flexible and rich, make integral becomes active some, only in this way can the colour is good. Therefore, the man-made stone rockery landscape is not a simple fabrication, but a comprehensive application of various subjects, the art (i.e, flexibility). Now let's look at the coloring process and see how complex it is.