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水泥仿木制作的方法是什么?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-334-1.html  更新时间:2020-08-07
随着森林资源的锐减,水土流失、土地沙漠化日趋严重,人类赖以生存的生态环境正遭受严重破坏,森林资源越来越珍贵,人们对森林资源的保护意识也越来越强。而木材本身易腐、易朽、易虫蛀等缺陷,特别是在室外其使用寿命不长。
With the sharp decrease of forest resources, soil erosion and land desertification are becoming more and more serious. The ecological environment on which human beings rely for survival is being seriously damaged. Forest resources are becoming more and more precious, and people's awareness of protecting forest resources is becoming stronger and stronger. But the wood itself is easy to rot, easy to decay, easy to moth and other defects, especially in the outdoor its service life is not long.
正因为实木材料的局限性,外加森林资源的保护,近年来仿木制作技术兴起,非常多的户外建筑、园林公共设施、护栏、花架等园林设施已逐渐被钢筋混凝土为材料制作的仿木所替代。
Due to the limitations of solid wood materials and the protection of forest resources, imitation wood production technology has risen in recent years. Many outdoor buildings, garden public facilities, guardrails, flower racks and other garden facilities have been gradually replaced by the imitation wood made of reinforced concrete materials.
水泥仿木产品具有坚固耐用、抗腐、抗虫蛀、不燃等水泥混凝土相同的特性,其造型随意多样化、效果自然逼真,使用年限长等特点,不仅作为园林设施它还是一道艺术景观,因此深受人们所欢迎。
Cement imitation wood products have the same characteristics as cement concrete, such as strong and durable, anti-corrosion, anti moth, non combustible and so on. Its shape is random and diversified, the effect is natural and realistic, and the service life is long. It is not only a garden facility, but also an art landscape, so it is welcomed by people.
如今随着水泥仿木制作工艺技术的不断提高和成熟,仿木纹理的做法也各种各样。水泥仿木纹理的制作方法,大体有两种做法,分别是利用仿木纹模具压制纹理和手工刻划纹理。
Nowadays, with the continuous improvement and maturity of cement imitation wood production technology, the practice of imitation wood texture is also various. There are two ways to make wood like cement texture, one is to use wood mold to suppress the texture and manually carve the texture.
第一、仿木纹模具压制纹理
First, the imitation wood grain mold suppresses the texture
仿木纹模具压制纹理是目前园林景观最流行的一种水泥仿木纹理的制作方法,仿木模具有很多工厂都有定做,也可以在淘宝上购买。具体做法:用做好的圆型木纹模具压滚,在水泥表面材料上压制出深浅不一的木纹,在30度下养护24小时后脱模,用苯丙外墙涂料配成木纹的颜色进行木纹刷制,有木结子年轮的地方要配深一些的色浆来完成木纹的仿真描绘。
Wood mold pressing texture is the most popular way to produce cement wood like texture in landscape architecture. Many factories have customized wood imitation mold, and they can also be purchased from Taobao. Specific methods: roll the round wood grain mold, press the wood grain of different depth on the cement surface material, then demould after curing at 30 ℃ for 24 hours, brush the wood grain with the color of styrene acrylic exterior wall paint, and match the wood grain with wood knot ring with a deeper color paste to complete the simulation description of wood grain.
优点:刻划木纹制作过程方便快捷,省时省力。
Advantages: engraving wood grain production process is convenient and fast, time-saving and labor-saving.
缺点:木纹重复不自然,相对死板。
Disadvantages: wood grain repetition is not natural, relatively rigid.
第二、手工刻划纹理
Second, hand marking texture
手工描绘纹理是一种新兴纹理制作方法,制作人员必须对各种树木的纹理、年轮样式有足够的了解。这种方法凭借有造型随意、制作简单等特点,近些年得到了广泛推广。具体做法:用细钢丝在制作好的水泥仿木上直接描绘,在不违背真木自然纹理的情况下,可以凭借施工人员的对需要仿制的不同木材的了解绘出各种各样、贴近自然的仿木纹理。
Manual texture description is a new method of texture making. The makers must have a good understanding of the texture and ring patterns of various trees. This method has been widely used in recent years because of its random shape and simple production. Specific methods: use thin steel wire to directly depict on the cement imitation wood. Without violating the natural texture of the real wood, we can draw a variety of imitation wood textures close to the nature by relying on the understanding of the different wood to be imitated by the construction personnel.
仿木栈道制作
Production of wooden plank road
优点:木纹清晰明了,纹理样式多样化,木纹效果自然逼真;
Advantages: the wood grain is clear and clear, the texture style is diversified, and the wood grain effect is natural and realistic;
缺点:木纹制作花费时间较长。
Disadvantages: it takes a long time to make wood grain.