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假山盆景种类你知道多少

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-320-1.html  更新时间:2020-06-18
植物盆景是生活在经常遇到的,假山盆景是盆景制比较麻烦的,原因很简单,假山盆景基本属于大型工程,并不像植物盆景修修剪剪就好了。那么,大家对于假山盆景制作的石头种类有哪些认识?以下是具体描述。
Plant bonsai is often encountered in life. Rockery bonsai is more troublesome for bonsai system. The reason is very simple. Rockery bonsai is basically a large project, which is not as good as plant bonsai trimming and shearing. So, what do you know about the stone types of rockery bonsai? The following is a specific description.
石料的选择
Selection of stone
制作假山盆景的基本材料主要是山石。我国地大物博,山石的种类繁多,常用的山石约有三十多种,基本上可分为松质和硬质两大类。松质的吸水性好,容易加工雕琢造型;硬质的则质地坚硬而不吸水,不易加工。不管松质或硬质山石,制作假山盆景的石料必须具有天然纹理、色彩以及形态自然等特点。
The basic materials for making rockery bonsai are mainly rocks. China is rich in land and materials, and there are many kinds of rocks. There are more than 30 kinds of commonly used rocks, which can be basically divided into two categories: loose and hard. Loose water absorption is good, easy to process and sculpt; hard material is hard without water absorption, not easy to process. No matter loose or hard rock, the stone for making rockery bonsai must have the characteristics of natural texture, color and shape.
钟乳石
Stalactite
钟乳石多产于广东、广西等各地岩洞,多为白色或微黄色,经过长期自然岩溶而形成柱状、锥状等各种形状,质地较疏松,锯截较方便。
Stalactite is mainly produced in caves in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places, mostly white or yellowish. After a long period of natural karst, it forms various shapes such as column and cone, with loose texture and convenient sawing.

 
英石
Quartz
英石盛产于广东英德一带。据《韶州府志》描述:“英石如芙蓉乱削,乳窦交通,p54岩勾漏,无不奇巧玲珑”。其颜色以灰黑色为多,间有白色、浅绿色和带白纹理的杂色。有天然形成的正背石,背石较平坦,正面纹理自然,富于变化。质地坚硬,不吸水,不易破碎,但加工较困难。在选择英石时,以峥嵘、多孔、嶙峋,天然形成的为最佳。
Yingshi is rich in Yingde, Guangdong Province. According to the Shaozhou chronicle of the capital, "the stone is cut like hibiscus, the milk sinus is in traffic, and the P54 rock leaks, all of which are exquisite.". Its color is mostly gray and black, with white, light green and white texture. There are regular back stones formed naturally. The back stones are relatively flat, and the front texture is natural and variable. Hard texture, no water absorption, not easy to break, but processing is more difficult. In the selection of stone, to towering, porous, jagged, natural formation is the best.
灵壁石
Lingbi stone
灵壁石质地坚硬,叩之有金属声,有黑色、白色,其中也夹杂有黑、白、赭、绿等色,俗称五彩,多产于安徽省的灵壁县。
Lingbi stone is hard with metal sound, black and white. It is also mixed with black, white, ochre, green and other colors. It is commonly known as multicolored. It is mostly produced in Lingbi County, Anhui Province.
蜡石
Waxstone
蜡石无整体的岩层,多以独石存于山中。在我国南方各式各地高温多湿的山坑里,经常被水冲击,形成各种形态,质地坚硬,不能加工造型,只能以独石摆设。色有深黄、浅黄、白等。全石以无损坏、无杂质、表面滑净而有光泽及以窦穴奇形怪状的为珍品。
There is no whole rock stratum of wax stone, most of which exist in the mountain. In all kinds of high temperature and wet mountain pits in South China, they are often impacted by water, forming various forms, hard texture, unable to be processed, and can only be decorated with single stone. There are dark yellow, light yellow, white and so on. The whole stone is precious with no damage, no impurity, smooth and glossy surface and grotesque shape of sinus.
斧劈石
Axe and stone
斧劈石质硬而脆,颜色有多种,有深灰、浅灰、灰黑色和土黄色等。这种石具有丝状或片状的纹理。顺其纹理,略施斧凿或锯截,加工整形,可表现悬崖峭壁或高耸入云、雄伟挺拔的山峰。此石产于江苏一带。
The stone is hard and brittle, with various colors, such as dark grey, light grey, grey black and earthy yellow. The stone has a filiform or flaky texture. Along with its texture, slightly chiseling or sawing, processing and shaping, can show cliffs or towering, majestic and straight peaks. This stone is found in Jiangsu Province.
木化石
Wood fossil
木化石即古代树木的化石,质地坚硬,加工较困难。颜色有黄褐色和深灰色。它是制作石山盆景的良好石料
Lignified stone is the fossil of ancient trees, which is hard in texture and difficult to process. The colors are tan and dark grey. It is a good stone for making stone mountain bonsai