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人工塑石假山结构布局有哪些讲究

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-32-1.html  更新时间:2017-04-12
  人工塑石假山的整体布局要讲究结构完整,虚实相生,藏露结合,以小见大。
  Artificial plastic rockery stone should pay attention to structural integrity of the overall arrangement, the actual phase, hiding the dew, view.
  一、结构完整
  A, complete structure
  主山(或主峰) 的位置虽然不一定要布置在假山区的中部地带,但却一定要在假山山系结构核心的位置上。主山位置也不宜在山系的正中,而应当偏于一侧,以避免山系平面布局呈现对称状态。
  The location of the main mountain (or main) although not necessarily set in the central zone of rockery area, but it must be in the position of family structure is the core, the rockery. The main mountain location is unfavorable also in the center of the mountains, and shall be a side, to avoid the mountains present state of symmetrical layout.济南假山制作
  主山、主峰的高度及体量,一般应比第二山峰高,以充分突出主山、主峰的主体地位,做到主次分明。另外,山的形状、大小、高低必须有变化,高低错落,参差不齐;山腰线要流畅,左右要有变化,一边坡度陡,一边坡度缓,使山的造型形成一种动势;山脚要有回抱、曲折,线条要流利自如。
  The main mountain, the main peak height and volume, the general should be higher than the second peak, to fully highlight the main mountain, the main body status, achieve the priorities. In addition, the shape, size, height of the mountain must have change, strewn at random discretion, uneven; Ridge line to smooth, or so to have change, side slope is steep, side slope is slow, the modelling of make the mountain form a electromotive force; Bottom to have to embrace, twists and turns, line fluent to freely.
  二、虚实相生
  Second, the actual phase
  在假山艺术中,常用虚实对比的方法来突出假山的艺术境界。所谓艺术境界是指用园林假山所表现的假山真实景观(称为实境),来突出某种深远的意境(称为虚境)。叠山置石十分讲究内收而后突兀的形态,以山洞取“虚”得其深远,后突取“实”得其造险。假山艺术是由模仿真实的自然山体而逐渐发展开来。“虽有人造,宛自天开”是人造假山艺术的最高境界。因此,假山艺术是人工与自然的和谐相生,在“真中有假,以假乱真”中体现虚实相生的意境。
  Commonly used in the rockery art, the actual contrast methods to highlight the rockery art realm. Artistic state refers to the use the rockery garden rockery of real landscape (called reality), to highlight some profound artistic conception, called a virtual boundary). Fold mountain stone arrangement form of very exquisite adduction and abrupt, take "virtual" to its far-reaching in the cave, tu take "real" after its risks. The rockery art is by imitating the real natural mountain and gradual development. "Although have artificial, wan since opening day" is the highest realm of artificial rockery art. Therefore, the rockery art is the harmony of human and nature, in the "false true, genuine" reflect the actual situation of artistic conception.
  三、藏露结合
  Three, the dew
  露中有藏、藏中有露,即园林假山要展现出一个景外有景、景中生情的动人画面,产生深远意境。假山的藏露,最关键的是峰峦要有立体布局,产生前后掩映,表现出“崇山峻岭”之感。另外,空白处理在园林假山造景中也起到十分重要的作用。明、清文人画家将山水画留出大量空白隐藏了大山大水,画面呈现一种空旷渺漠的境界,可谓“此处无声胜有声”。园林假山造景的空白处理与其有异曲同工之妙。两者在空间处理上都采用“藏露结合”的手法。空白在假山中所占空间的大小,对整个布局效果起着重要的作用。
  Dew in Tibet, a thermal fluid activity, namely the garden rockery to show a scene outside have aroused in the scene, view of moving images, profound artistic conception. Rockery of dew, the key is to have overlapping peaks three-dimensional layout, produce, before and after showing the feeling of "mountains". In addition, the blank processing in the garden rockery landscape also plays a very important role. Ming and qing literati painters will conceal mountains and waters landscape painting to set aside a large number of blank and the picture presents a kind of open are the border of the desert, is a "silent even here". Garden artificial rockwork blank processing and have the same effect. Both are on dimensional processing use the technique of "hide Lou combination". The size of the blank in the rockery of space, the whole layout effect plays an important role.
  四、以小见大
  Four, revealing
  叠山置石,令人产生身临其境之感,得益于师法自然。叠山置石在造园中,山、石是营造景观不可缺少的载体。人们立足于山脚仰视高山,视线受到阻碍,只能看到眼前山体的局部。这时,虽不见整体景观却依然感受到雄伟壮丽,浮想联翩。假山布局正是利用这一特点,将假山置于一个较小的空间内,在塑造山体时不必塑造完全与真山相同的体积规模,只需塑造部分或微缩山体仿出真山的气质,使观赏者只能仰视而产生山外有山、意犹未尽的联想。这种以局部景观寓意整体景观的表现技法,充分体现了假山布局“以小见大”的艺术特点。
  Fold mountain stone, cause immersive feeling, thanks to nature. Fold mountain stone arrangement in the garden, mountain, the stone is indispensable to build landscape carrier. People based on the bottom look up the mountain, the line of sight blocked, only local saw a mountain. At this time, although not see the overall landscape but still feel the majestic, extrapolate. Rockery layout is the use of this characteristic, will put in a smaller space, in shaping the mountain without shape completely the same as the real mountain volume size, simply shaped part or miniature mountain imitates the true temperament of the mountain, make the viewer can only look up and behind the mountains there are people, wanting more association. In the local landscape implies the overall landscape representation techniques, fully embodies the rockery layout "view" artistic characteristics.
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