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假山鱼池设计中应该注意哪些流程?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-316-1.html  更新时间:2020-06-08
在庭院做一个假山是一件比较大的景观,对其它景观的影响也是蛮大的,所以需要对庭院的整体布局要有一个详细规划,观宇园林设计师需要进行实地测量,确定假山的大小以及建造的位置。
Making a rockery in the courtyard is a relatively large landscape and has a great impact on other landscapes. Therefore, a detailed planning is needed for the overall layout of the courtyard. The landscape architects need to carry out field measurement to determine the size and construction position of the rockery.
2. 庭院假山鱼池设计风格
2. Design style of rockery fish pond
假山的风格有许多,一般是以模拟自然环境的山景为主,又或者是根据实际情况做出想要的外形,在确定了假山的风格时需要了解客户的需求,可以兼顾庭院的整体风格,做出适当的修改。
There are many styles of rockery, generally based on the mountain scenery simulating the natural environment, or making the desired shape according to the actual situation. When determining the style of rockery, we need to understand the needs of customers, and we can take into account the overall style of the courtyard and make appropriate modifications.
3. 假山材料选择
3. Rockery material selection
在确定好风格之后就是选择庭院假山鱼池设计的材料了,可以选择泰山石、黄蜡石、英石、千层石、太湖石等,需要因应设计的不同来选取,因为石材一般比较大,还要考虑购买以及运输成本,可以选择当地的石材来减少额外的成本。
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After the style is determined, the materials for the design of the rockery fish pond in the courtyard can be selected. Taishan stone, Yellowstone, Yingshi, qianlayered stone, Taihu stone, etc. need to be selected according to the different design. Because the stone is generally large, the purchase and transportation costs should be considered, and the local stone can be selected to reduce the additional cost.
4. 地基建造
4. Foundation construction
由于石材比较重,需要在建造假山的地方做好硬底化工程,可以使用经过平整压实的泥土层,也可以运用混凝土或砖砌做好假山的地基,使山石可以固定好,不会发生沉降等危险。
Due to the heavy stone, it is necessary to do a hard bottoming project in the place where the rockery is built. You can use the soil layer that has been leveled and compacted, or use the concrete or brick to build the foundation of the rockery, so that the rockery can be fixed well without any danger of settlement.
5. 假山主体建造
5. Rockery construction
做好地基后就可以进行假山主体的建造了,对于平整地面的假山来说,可以直接吊装大块的山石到指定的位置,然后配合较小的山石在四周做出造型,只需要使用较少的粘合剂就可以了;对于搭配鱼池的或其他需要有一定的悬空面积的假山来说,需要计算好不同石块之间的受力情况,在建造的初期可以使用一些木条使石材能在粘合剂干透前有很好的支撑,等石块之间的粘合情况完善后就可以去除木条。
After the foundation is completed, the main body of the rockery can be constructed. For the rockery with flat ground, the large rocks can be directly hoisted to the designated position, and then the small rocks can be used to make the shape around, only a small amount of adhesive is needed; For the rockery with fishpond or other rockery with a certain suspended area, the stress between different stones should be calculated. In the early stage of construction, some wood strips can be used to make the stone have a good support before the adhesive dries out, and the wood strips can be removed after the adhesion between the stones is improved.
6. 景观搭配
6. Landscape matching
假山主体建造完成后没其它的搭配的话就太单调了,可以运用草坪覆盖假山周边的位置,使假山的效果更自然;如果是搭配鱼池的话也可以在假山上增加水流装置,形成小型的瀑布;还可以种植一些小型的景观树来衬托山景。
After the completion of the construction of the main rockery, if there is no other matching, it will be too monotonous. You can use the lawn to cover the surrounding position of the rockery, so that the effect of the rockery is more natural. If it is matched with a fish pond, you can also add a water flow device on the rockery to form a small waterfall. You can also plant some small landscape trees to set off the mountain scenery.
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Thank you for your reading. For more information and questions about Jinan rockery, please click: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com We will continue to work hard to provide you with services, thank you for your support!