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实用丨假山植物造景技巧

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-252-1.html  更新时间:2019-12-04
  假山是我们在园林艺术或者家庭庭院里面做点缀常见的方式,假山和植物结合造景,让人眼前一亮,心旷神怡。“春有锦绣谷花,夏有石门涧云。秋有虎溪月,冬有炉峰雪。”今天我们就来看看假山植物造景技巧。
济南假山制作
  Rockery is a common way for us to decorate in garden art or family courtyard. Rockery and plants combine to make a scene, which makes people feel relaxed and happy. "There are beautiful valley flowers in spring and Shimen stream clouds in summer. In autumn there is the moon of Huxi, and in winter there is the snow of Lufeng. " Today we're going to take a look at rockery plant landscaping techniques.
  在园林假山的造型布局中,山石皴纹、群峰位置、植物点缀、小品配置等,都要做到疏密有致。
  In the design and layout of garden rockery, the mountain stone texture, peak position, plant embellishment, sketch configuration, etc., should be dense and thoughtful.
  通常,园林假山的主峰一带是最密处,山石布置得密,树木栽植得密;而在配峰部分相对较稀疏。讲究开合在园林假山的艺术造型中,开是起势,合是收尾。立峰是开,坡脚是合;近山是开,远山是合。
  Generally, the main peak area of garden rockery is the most dense area, with dense rocks and trees, while the peak area is relatively sparse. Pay attention to opening and closing in the art modeling of garden rockery, opening is the beginning and closing. The peak is open, the foot of the slope is close; the near mountain is open, the far mountain is close.
  一般的园林假山布局都是由3至4个开合组成,开合的交替出现,可以使假山体现出节奏韵律。虚实相生在假山艺术中,虚实既指艺术境界,又指艺术的处理手法。
  The general layout of garden rockery is composed of 3 to 4 openings and closures, which can make rockery show rhythm. In the rockery art, the virtual and the real refer to both the artistic realm and the artistic treatment.
  所谓艺术境界是指园林假山所表现出来的深远意境(称为虚境)和假山所形成的真实景观(称为实境)。所谓虚实的艺术手法是指园林假山所表现出来的虚空与实在。
  The so-called artistic realm refers to the far-reaching artistic conception (called virtual realm) and the real landscape (called real realm) formed by the rockery. The so-called virtual and real artistic technique refers to the virtual and real displayed by the garden rockery.
  露中有藏露中有藏是指园林假山要能展现出一个景外有景、景中生情的动人画面,创造深远意境。
  There are hidden in the dew and hidden in the dew means that the garden rockery should be able to show a moving picture with scenery outside and feeling inside, and create a profound artistic conception.
  空白处理空白在假山中所占空间的大小,对整个布局效果起着重要的作用。
  The space occupied by blank processing in rockery plays an important role in the overall layout effect.
  园林植物与景石结合造景时,不管要表现的景观主体是山石还是植物都需要根据山石本身的特征和周边的具体环境,精心选择植物,利用植物的形态、色彩、质感以及不同植物之间的搭配形式,使山石和植物的配置达到最自然、最美的景观效果。
  When landscape plants and landscape stones are combined to create a landscape, no matter whether the main body of the landscape to be displayed is the mountain stones or plants, it is necessary to carefully select plants according to the characteristics of the mountain stones and the specific surrounding environment, and make use of the form, color, texture of plants and the collocation form between different plants to achieve the most natural and beautiful landscape effect.