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当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 行业新闻 > 济南假山制作时对鱼池的水质有什么要求

济南假山制作时对鱼池的水质有什么要求

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-218-1.html  更新时间:2019-04-23
  我们平常家里的假山鱼池可能不太注重这些东西,但是一旦养的鱼出现问题,或者想把鱼养好,还是有几点注意事项。
  We usually do not pay much attention to these things in the rockery fish pond at home, but there are still a few points to pay attention to when there is a problem with the fish, or if we want to keep the fish well.
  1、对水质要求
  1. Water quality requirements
  水温:锦鲤生活的水温范围为2-30℃,最适生活水温为20-25℃。在这种温度的水中,锦鲤游动活跃,食欲旺盛,体质健壮,色彩鲜艳。但水温不能骤变,换水时温差不能超过3℃。
  Water temperature: The water temperature range of Koi carp is 2-30 C, and the optimum water temperature is 20-25 C. In this temperature of water, Koi swims actively, has a strong appetite, strong physique and bright colors. But the water temperature can not change abruptly, and the temperature difference can not exceed 3 C when changing water.
  硬度:锦鲤喜欢在硬度低的水质环境中生活。软、硬水都可以养锦鲤(一般情况下,自来水是软水,泉水、井水是硬水),但应避免把锦鲤突然由软水移入硬度较大的水中,以免鱼体产生过敏反应。
  Hardness: Koi like to live in low hardness water environment. Soft and hard water can be used to breed Koi carp (generally, tap water is soft water, spring water and well water are hard water), but it should be avoided to suddenly move Koi carp from soft water to harder water in order to avoid allergic reaction.
  酸碱度(pH值):锦鲤要求生活在微碱性的水中,较适合的pH值为7.2-7.5。锦鲤不喜欢水质突变,不要将其从pH低的水中突然放入pH值高的水中,以免因pH值相差太大而引起不适。锦鲤长期处于弱酸性水中(pH值为6.5左右),不仅体色变坏,还易得鳃腐病。
  Acidity and alkalinity (pH): Koi carp are required to live in slightly alkaline water with a suitable pH of 7.2-7.5. Koi carp do not like sudden changes in water quality, do not suddenly put it from low pH water into high pH water, in order to avoid discomfort caused by too large difference in pH value. Koi carp has been in weak acid water for a long time (pH value is about 6.5), which not only deteriorates its body color, but also easily gets gill rot.
  亚硝酸盐、氨氮等有害物,鱼的排泄物溶于水中经各种途径产生亚硝酸盐、氨氮等有害物。有害物浓度过高时,鱼活动力减弱,浮上水表面,体色变淡,常常引起鱼死亡。有条件可安装循环过滤系统或定期泼洒光合细菌、枯草芽孢杆菌等有益微生物来降低亚硝酸盐、氨气。
  Nitrite, ammonia nitrogen and other harmful substances, fish excreta dissolved in water through various ways to produce nitrite, ammonia nitrogen and other harmful substances. When the concentration of harmful substances is too high, the activity of fish weakens, floats on the surface of water, and the body color becomes light, which often causes the death of fish. Conditionally, circulating filtration system can be installed or beneficial microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacteria and Bacillus subtilis can be sprayed regularly to reduce nitrite and ammonia.
  锦鲤池要求的水质:A)水必须无味无臭;B)无色、透明度约达2米;C)无异常水泡;D)池壁青苔正常;E)池水化学测定:pH值6.8-7.4;硬度15以下;铁离子浓度0.3毫克/升以下;硫酸根离子15毫克/升以下;氯离子19毫克/升以下;不含残留氯;溶氧量5毫克/升以上;氨0.1毫克/升以下;亚硝酸盐0.1毫克/升以下;硝酸盐5.5毫克/升左右;不含硫化氢;BOD2.5-7之间;浊度在5度以下;透明度在100厘米以上。
                      济南假山制作
  Water quality required by Koi pond: A) water must be odorless; B) colourless and transparent up to 2 meters; C) no abnormal blisters; D) normal wall moss; E) Chemical determination of pond water: pH 6.8-7.4; hardness below 15; iron concentration below 0.3 mg/l; sulfate ion below 15 mg/l; chloride ion below 19 mg/l; no residual chlorine; dissolved oxygen above 5 mg/l; ammonia below 0.3 mg/l Under 1 mg/l; nitrite below 0.1 mg/l; nitrate around 5.5 mg/l; no hydrogen sulfide; BOD2.5-7; Turbidity Below 5 degrees; transparency above 100 centimeters.
  2、对饵料要求
  2. Requirements for bait
  锦鲤是杂食性鱼类,一般软体动物、高等水生植物碎片、底栖动物以至细小的藻类或人工合成颗粒饵料均可食之。最好投喂人工合成颗粒料、豆饼、菜饼、面包屑、鱼虫、蛤、蟹肉、蚕蛹等。注意:夏季应在上午投喂饵料。饵料的投喂不能过量。可通过锦鲤的粪便来观察投喂是否过量,如果粪便变硬则说明投喂饵过量。
  Koi carp is an omnivorous fish. It can be eaten by mollusks, fragments of higher aquatic plants, benthic animals and even fine algae or synthetic granular bait. It is best to feed synthetic granules, bean cakes, vegetable cakes, breadcrumbs, fish and insects, clams, crab meat, silkworm chrysalis, etc. Note: Feeding should be done in the morning in summer. The feeding of bait should not be excessive. The feces of Koi carp can be used to observe whether the feces are overfed or not. If the feces harden, it means that the feces are overfed.
  3、对光照要求
  3. Light Requirements
  夏季,天气高温酷热,须加盖塑料遮光网,防止阳光直射,使阳光照度由8000-12000勒克斯降为5500-5800勒克斯。
  In summer, the weather is very hot and hot. Plastic shading net should be added to prevent direct sunlight, so that the sunshine intensity can be reduced from 8000-12000 Lux to 5500-5800 Lux.