随着社会的进步，建筑行业的高速发展。人们居住环境改变成了钢铁深林。让人们的精神越发的紧张起来，如同关在“牢笼”之中。 然而 每个人都向往自然，希望能回归于自然的怀抱之中。因此，人类不仅在生产上要改造自然；在艺术上，也经常改造自然。鲁迅说“所见天物，非必圆满，再现之际，当加改造。”这表明艺术反映自然，不光是暮写，而应比第一自然更集中，更强烈，更美。现在我们就来谈谈假山造景，景观艺术的一些心得。
With the progress of society, the construction industry develops at a high speed. People's living environment has changed into a deep forest of iron and steel. Let people's spirits become more and more tense, as if locked in a "cage". However, everyone yearns for nature, hoping to return to the embrace of nature. Therefore, human beings need to transform nature not only in production, but also in art. Lu Xun said, "What you see is not necessarily perfect. When it comes to reappearance, it should be reformed." This shows that art reflects nature, not only in the twilight, but more concentrated, stronger and more beautiful than the first nature. Now let's talk about the experience of rockery landscaping and landscape art.
With rules and regulations, it can better show the magnificent momentum of the mountains, very powerful.
First, it is steep. The beauty of the real mountain lies in its majesty and vigor, and in its steepness and uprightness. Although the rockery is small, its attitude and temperament are no less magnificent and dangerous than the real mountain. To achieve the steep situation, one way is that its lower part should be small rather than large, and should be air-permeable rather than solid. One of the reasons why the hills are so ugly is that the lower part of the hills is too fat and stuffy and lacks the sense of steepness. Especially for the peaks and single stones, we should pay more attention to the beauty of steepness. All precious single stones and peaks have precipitous beauty. Three famous stones in the south of the Yangtze River: Rui Yunfeng of Suzhou, Yu Ling Long of Shanghai's Yu Garden, and Zhou Yunfeng of Hangzhou, all of them are in line with the aesthetic standards of mountains and rocks, but more beautiful and steep.
Second, the artistic conception. The artistic conception of mountains has different categories. It is often said that Mount Tai is famous for its heroism, Mount Huangshan is famous for its peculiarity, Huashan is dangerous, Emeixiu is beautiful, and Mount Lushan fans have different aesthetic characteristics. Rockery also needs to choose an aesthetic tendency, and then deliberately pursue it. Rockery is an art. Its artistic conception should be mountain, not dragon or tiger. Such representations are vulgar.
3. Local modeling methods of rockery:
In order to get a long view of the mountain and strengthen the mountain forest atmosphere of the mountain top environment, there are mountains and mountains created. Artificially stacked mountains, in addition to the mountains to highlight the building to strengthen the high and steep situation (such as the White Pagoda in Beihai, the Summer Palace Foxiang Pavilion), generally use stacked stones to show the high and precipitous situation of the peak. The main peak is in a prominent position, and the secondary peak is next to the main peak in height, volume or posture. Peak stones can be formed by single stones or by multiple stacks. "Those with one peak and one stone should be large and small, and stand considerably. Or two or three pieces of peak stone, also should be large and small, seems to have a flying trend. Or several pieces, as before; two or three big stones must be capped, "Su's landscape (mountain and moon garden). The selection and stacking of peak rocks must be in harmony with the whole shape of the mountain, and the scale is appropriate. The lofty and steep mountain form should be sharp and steep. Rockery peaks are stacked horizontally, like cirrus clouds in landscape paintings. In this way, the erection of rockery peaks is like the rising of auspicious clouds, which can achieve better aesthetic effect. The distinction between ridges and headlands is relative, and the boundaries between them are not very clear. But the hills and peaks are continuous, "not uniform, nor pen shelf type, high or low, with chaos, no row ratio is good"
(2) Cliffs and rocks:
Now the beauty of steep and precipitous plunge, and the facade of the stone wall is the best place for inscribing poems and inscriptions. The stone carvings of poems and lyrics add splendor to the cliff and poetic sentiment to the environment. If the cliff wall hangs upside down again, it will give people a sense of beauty of wonder and adventure. Su's Landscape (Mountain Moon Garden) has had successful experience in the theory and method of rock cliff. In Huangshan's "Xin'an Dahao Landscape", there are: "If the rock is suspended, the starting point should be small, gradually increasing, and high, so that the latter can be suspended. Slipfa has been rare in ancient times, such as hanging a stone, hanging a stone, and then can not. The balance method is used to disperse the front suspension and the back suspension, and still press it with a long cut stone, which can be suspended for several feet. The shape of the suspension is horrible and it is absolutely infallible.
(3) Mountain Road:
The mountain road is a part of the mountain body. It twists and turns with the valley and goes up and down with the cliff. Although deliberately, it integrates with the cliff and the valley to create the artistic conception of the rockery that can be traveled and inhabited.
Rockery design and landscaping style. There are magnificent and fresh and graceful, so-called rockery is not true, its temperament is even better than the real mountain. People say that "the scenery is picturesque", which means that the picturesque scenery is better than the scenery, and the reason is the same. The shape of rockery must be changed and the balance must be found in the change. Mountains are not high, noble layers, this time depends on your preferences. Give you the best construction effect in the courtyard. Unlike the real mountain, Sushi Mountain (Mountain Moon Garden) uses these natural rockeries to design and stack more artistic "momentum" and "mountain body" accompanied by green plants and pond landscape. Let nature appear before your eyes. So that people can get a glimpse of the charm and essence of nature without leaving home.
Valley is one of the important ways to create a deep and secluded artistic conception in Longshan Mountain. The creation of the valley makes the mountain situation twists and turns, and the peak circuit turns more attractive. In most valleys, the two cliffs confront each other, with mountain paths or running water in the middle, and the plane is narrow and long and tortuous. The autumn hills of the individual gardens are indeed unique in creating the surrounding valley landscape in the middle of the main mountain. People in the valley and around the mountain scenery are different, and here is the best place to view the main peak, the space enclosure restriction, making "shorter visual distance, looking up to the main peak, surprising and upright, abrupt".