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假山在中国园林中有什么作用

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-214-1.html  更新时间:2019-04-02
  园林假山具有多方面的造景功能,如构成园林的主景或地形骨架,划分和组织园林空间,布置庭院、驳岸、护坡、挡土,设置自然式花台。还可以与园林建筑、园路、场地和园林植物组合成富于变化的景致,借以减少人工气氛,增添自然生趣,使园林建筑融汇到山水环境中。因此,假山成为表现中国自然山水园的特征之一。
  Landscape rockery has many landscaping functions, such as constituting the main landscape or terrain skeleton of the garden, dividing and organizing the garden space, arranging courtyards, revetments, slope protection, earth retaining, and setting up natural flower beds. It can also be combined with garden buildings, garden roads, sites and garden plants to form a variety of scenery, so as to reduce the artificial atmosphere, increase natural interest, and make garden buildings merge into the landscape environment.  Therefore, rockery has become one of the characteristics of natural landscape gardens in China.
  利用假山大型建筑物特性对园林空间进行分隔和划分,将空间分成大小不同、形状各异、富于变化的各种空间形态。通过假山的穿插、分隔、夹拥、围合、聚汇,在假山区可以创造出山路的流动空间、山坳的闭合空间、山洞的拱穹空间、峡谷的纵深空间等各具特色的空间形式。假山还能够将游人的视线或视点引到高处或低处,创造仰视和俯视空间景象。
  Based on the characteristics of large-scale buildings in rockery, the garden space is divided into various space forms with different sizes, shapes and changes. Through the intersection, separation, clamping, enclosure and convergence of rockery, the flowing space of mountain road, closed space of mountain depression, arch space of cave and deep space of Canyon can be created in rockery area. The rockery can also bring visitors'sight or viewpoint to high or low places, creating a space scene of looking up and down.
  假山与石景景观是自然山地景观在园林中的艺术再现。在庭院中、园路边、广场上、水池边、墙角处,甚至在屋顶花园等多种环境中,假山和石景还能作为园林小品,用来点缀风景、增添情趣,起到造景与点景的作用。自然界的奇峰异石、悬崖峭壁、层峦叠嶂、深峡幽谷、泉石洞穴、海岛石礁等景观形象都可以通过塑石假山石景在园林中再现出来。
                    济南假山制作
  Rockery and stone landscape are the artistic reproduction of natural mountain landscape in gardens. In the courtyard, garden roadside, square, pool side, wall corner, even in the roof garden and other environments, rockery and stone scenery can also be used as garden sketches to embellish the landscape, add interest, play the role of landscape and landscape. The natural landscape images of exotic peaks, cliffs, mountains, deep canyons, springs, caves, islands and reefs can be reproduced in the garden through the stone-moulded rockery rockscape.