The beauty of the ecological landscape of residential quarter is reflected in its ability to combine the geographical environment, create a harmony with the whole urban landscape, pursue the true interest of nature, and endow residents with a fresh and pleasant psychological feeling. To create a comprehensive landscape feeling of time, location, people and so on, it requires designers to base their efforts on the rational establishment of four major systems in the landscape design of residential districts, namely, green ecosystem, landscape image system and outdoor leisure system, traffic organization system, to form a complete and beautiful environment system.
1. Greening Ecosystem
With the increasing development of modern society and the improvement of people's environmental awareness, residents pay more and more attention to the environmental quality of residential areas. In this situation, landscape architects should fully realize that the urban human settlements environment in the 21st century must balance urban development and urban ecology, which is the combination of "quality" and "quantity". As a residential district, green landscape design is particularly important. In residential areas, greening is like the respiratory system, which can play the role of air purification and shielding. It has become an indispensable organic factor to improve the environmental quality of residential quarters and create healthy ones.
Reasonable greening design of residential district is to take the activities of building, greening and residents as a whole, to form an ecological mechanism of residential environment in which residents can dissolve and operate organically, so as to realize "coexistence of man and nature". At present, many residential districts have designers in the planting configuration, a pen is ribbon patchwork, cut out hedgerows, shrub balls everywhere, or the empty lawn and a large area of pavement together, such a design not only can not create a comfortable landscape effect, but looks scattered, not foreign, monotonous. The plant maggots in residential districts should be advocated to keep the original species as far as possible and make rational use of the local species, rather than blindly pursuing the use of trees in other areas. For a long time. Because the landscape environmental design in Europe and America pays great attention to the construction of plant space, so that our domestic landscape designers have formed the concept of modern landscape greening system design as long as they use tropical or subtropical plants commonly used by European and American designers, but they do not know that any design should respect the local natural conditions. This is why, in recent years, it is very important for us to use tropical or subtropical plants. Many conscientious designers put forward the reason why they oppose "Big Tree Entering the City".
In order to make a residential district have its own unique characteristics in plant allocation, the following aspects should be considered in the design of greening landscape system: firstly, the plant level should be emphasized, from low to high in order of turf, ground cover, shrubs, small trees, big trees, in coordination with the terrain, enclosing a rich green space; secondly, the selection of plant species should be adopted as far as possible. Local plants should avoid using too many exotic plants to form the phenomenon of "false living". Furthermore, they should advocate participatory and ecological characteristics, plant trees vertically, and control the area of lawn that can not be trampled on. Finally, they should advocate a variety of aromatic plants, which can have beneficial effects on people's physical and mental health and can make the elderly in the community enjoy green at the same time. Treat diseases and achieve physical and mental health.
2. Landscape Image System
Kevin Lynch mentioned in his book "City Imagery": "A highly imageable city should look appropriate, unique and unusual, and should be able to attract visual and auditory attention and participation" C4. Imaginable urban features are undoubtedly reflected in the urban landscape image system.
As one of the components of urban landscape, the landscape system of residential quarter also needs to have imagery. What is a landscape image system, it covers the following three aspects: simple view of nature, that is, soft landscape as the main, hard landscape as the supplement, the use of walkways to connect the landscape reasonably and naturally, to avoid the living environment in the landscape design blindly pursuit of publicity, noisy hard landscape and cheap "art" atmosphere. The invisible square treatment can organize other environmental factors (terrain, water, plants, etc.) in the landscape space more organically, and make the hard landscape and soft landscape integrated. You have me, I have you, with pleasure. The design is seamless. Second, art-oriented, through the grasp of architectural style and district terrain, make the design of landscape effect style and district architecture into one, in the material, color and landscape detail processing can achieve comprehensive visual effect. Thirdly, the combination of centralized and decentralized design methods in the layout of landscape design, so that the overall image of residential quarters is distinct but without losing personality.
3. Outdoor Leisure System
It is more appropriate to call the activity space of residents in residential area as outdoor leisure system in the landscape design system of residential area. The functions of this kind of venues are mainly to meet the needs of community residents such as social interaction, elderly activities, children's play, walking, fitness and so on. In the past residential landscape, the design of outdoor leisure system often pursues a visual focus, mainly large square, but this design can not bring convenience to the residents of the residential area, besides bringing some magnificent feeling in vision.
Planning and design should start from the function, people-oriented, and provide convenient and comfortable small space for residents to use. Designer's Outdoor Space after Reasonable Understanding of Terrain