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假山制作这几个点一定要注意!

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-206-1.html  更新时间:2019-03-01
假山在规划中应该需求留意以下10点:
The following 10 points should be noted in the planning of rockery:
1、造假山应先依据需求,合作环境,决议假山的方位、形状与巨细凹凸。
1. To build a rockery, we should first decide the orientation, shape and huge, fine, concave and convex rockery according to the needs and cooperation environment.
2、假山规划忌最高点正对房屋明间,更忌在其上建亭。
2. The highest point of rockery planning should not be opposite to the house, and the pavilion should not be built on it.
3、假山规划要参差有致。假山全体的笔直方向和水平方向都要有所参差,不宜过于零碎,最好是大伸大缩,留意全体作用。安石参差得宜,不仅漂亮,而且由于石块之间搭拉咬茬,从而提高山体稳定程度。
3. Planning of rockery should be varied. The vertical direction and horizontal direction of the whole rockery should be somewhat different. It should not be too fragmentary. It is better to expand and expand greatly and pay attention to all the functions of the rockery. Anshi is not only beautiful, but also can improve the stability of the mountain because of the stretching and stubble between the stones.
4、别墅园林规划中假山一般建于池侧,其高度不应只依据池面宽窄来决议,还要考虑池水最高水位和彼岸地平线的高度。
4. In villa garden planning, rockeries are generally built on the side of pools. The height of rockeries should not only be determined by the width of pools, but also by the maximum water level of pools and the height of the horizon on the other side.
5、如果是较小的庭院因面积有限,一般将假山设为房屋的主要对景,一起可栽植花木,以添加气愤和弥补没有水池的缺点,还要留意花木的巨细、凹凸宜有层次。
5. If the small courtyard is limited in area, it is generally set as the main view of the house. Flowers and trees can be planted together to add anger and make up for the lack of pools. It is also necessary to pay attention to the size and concave-convex of the flowers and trees.
6、假山的体量须与空间相称,形状宜前低后高,轮廓应有变化。
6. The volume of the rockery should be proportionate to the space, the shape should be low before and high after, and the outline should be changed.
7、假山规划要有虚有实。山是实体而谷是虚体,形成了真假比照,使假山形趋于灵活。
7. Planning for rockery should be imaginary and realistic. Mountains are entities while valleys are virtual entities, forming a true-false comparison, which makes the shape of rockeries more flexible.
8、“山无草不活”堆砌假山时要依照全体造型要求在适当当地留置种植穴,种植花草和树木,使整座假山显得朝气蓬勃,达到以假乱真的作用。
8. When building a rockery, planting holes, flowers, plants and trees should be set aside appropriately according to the requirements of all shapes, so as to make the whole rockery look vigorous and achieve the function of falsehood and authenticity.
9、可多用烘托方法。可用侧峰来烘托主峰,方位、形体凹凸、巨细又互相烘托,以发生真假比照,添加山形的变化与立体感。
9. Multi-use baking method can be used. Side peaks can be used to foil the main peak, orientation, shape concave and convex, large and small, and each other, in order to produce true and false contrast, add the change of mountain shape and stereo sense.
A、体形较小的假山,能够将主峰置于前部,使用左右峡谷、桥和较低的峰峦作陪衬,也能使主峰相当宏伟。但不管采用何种方法,主峰方位宜稍偏,假山山形较长者尤须如此。B、体形较大的假山,可将主峰置于后侧,其前以盘曲的蹬道,错综的台、谷、涧,瀑布、绝壁等,自下而上构成层层叠叠的杂乱形体,主峰自然显得高峻。
A. The smaller rockery can put the main peak in front, use the left and right canyons, bridges and lower peaks as a foil, and also make the main peak quite magnificent. However, no matter what method is used, the main peak should be slightly biased, especially for the elder rockery. B. The larger rockery can place the main peak at the back, with winding pedals in front, intricate platforms, valleys, streams, waterfalls, cliffs and so on. From the bottom to the top, the main peak naturally appears high and disorderly.
10、假山规划要留意山水结合,相映成趣。假山建成后,在假山前面或左右,可挖土筑池。以精巧细腻的艺术方法理好水景,用太湖石和黄石驳岸,把假山上的流水引入池中,使水得山而活,山得水而媚。
10. The planning of rockery should pay attention to the combination of mountains and rivers, which can be interesting to each other. After the completion of the rockery, in front of or around the rockery, earth can be excavated to build pools. With exquisite and delicate artistic methods to manage the waterscape, with Taihu stone and Yellowstone revetment, the flow of water on the rockery into the pond, so that the water can live and the mountains can be beautiful.
以上信息是我们济南假山制作整理发布希望对大家有所帮助我们的网站是:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
The above information is our Jinan rockery production, collation and publication hope to help you all on our website: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com!