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大型园林假山工程施工的功用效果

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-184-1.html  更新时间:2018-11-27
大型园林假山工程施工的功用效果
Functional effect of large-scale garden rockery construction
1.作为自然山水园的主景和地势骨架
1. As the main landscape and topographic skeleton of the natural landscape garden
一些选用主景突出的布局方式的园林尤其注重这一点。或以山为主景,或以山石为驳岸的水池作主景。整个园子的地势骨架、起伏、曲折皆以此为根底来改变。诸如金代在太液池顶用土石相间的方法堆叠的琼华岛(今北京北海之白塔山)、明代南京徐达王府之西园(今南京之瞻园)、明代所建今上诲之豫园、清代扬州之个园和姑苏的环秀山庄等。总体布局都是以山为主,以水为辅,其中修建并不一定占主要的位置.假山工程施工分享这类园林实际上是假山园.
Some gardens which choose the layout with prominent main scenery pay special attention to this point. Or take the mountains as the main scenery, or the ponds with rocks as the revetment as the main scenery. The whole garden's topographic skeleton, ups and downs, twists and turns are based on this to change. Such as Qionghua Island (now Baita Mountain in Beihai, Beijing), West Garden of Xuda Wangfu, Nanjing, Ming Dynasty, Yuyuan Garden of Shangxu, Yangzhou Garden of Qing Dynasty and Huanxiu Mountain Villa of Gusu, which were stacked with earth and stone on the top of Taiyechi in Jin Dynasty. The overall layout is dominated by mountains and supplemented by water. Construction does not necessarily occupy the main position. The construction of rockery projects to share this kind of garden is actually a rockery garden.
2.作为园林区分空间和安排空间的方法
2. As a method of distinguishing and arranging space in gardens
济南假山制作
假山工程施工认为这关于选用集锦式布局的园林尤为重要和明显。用假山安排空间还可以结合作为障景、对景、背景、框景、夹景等方法灵敏运用。例如清代所建北京的圆明园、颐和园的某些部分,姑苏的网师园、拙政园某些部分、承德的避暑山庄等。我国园林长于运用“各景”的方法,根据用地功用和造景特色将园子化整为零,构成五光十色的景区.这就需要区分和安排空间。区分空间的方法很多,但利用假山区分空间是从地势骨架的视点来区分,具有自然和灵敏的特色。特别是用山水相映成趣地结合来安排空间,使空间更富于性格的改变。
The construction of the rockery project considers that it is particularly important and obvious to select the gardens with collective layout. Arrangement of space with rockery can also be combined as a barrier, scenery, background, frame, landscape and other sensitive use. For example, the Yuanmingyuan and some parts of the Summer Palace in Beijing built in the Qing Dynasty, Gusu's net teacher's garden, some parts of the Humble Administrator's Park, Chengde's summer resort and so on. Our country's gardens are good at using the method of "various sceneries". According to the function of land use and the characteristics of landscaping, the gardens are divided into zero to form a scenic spot with various colors. This requires the distinction and arrangement of space. There are many methods to distinguish space, but the use of pseudo-mountainous areas to distinguish space is from the perspective of the terrain skeleton, with natural and sensitive characteristics. Especially with the interesting combination of mountains and rivers to arrange space, so that the space is more rich in personality changes.
如圆明园“武陵春色”要体现世外桃源的意境,利用土山分隔成独立的空间,其中又运用两山夹水,时收时放的方法作出桃花溪、桃花洞、渔港等地势改变,于极狭处见广阔,似塞又通,由暗窥明,给人以“山重水复疑无路,柳暗花明又一村”的联想。颐和园仁寿殿和昆明湖之间的地带,是宫殿区和居住、游览区的交界。这儿用土山带石的做法堆了一座假山。这座假山在分隔空间的一起结合了障景处理。在雄伟的仁寿殿后边,把园路缩短得很窄,并选用“之”字线形穿山而构成谷道。一出谷口则广阔、疏朗、明亮的昆明湖突然展开在面前.这种“欲放先收”的造景方法取得了很好的实际效果。此外,如拙政园枇杷园和远香堂、腰门一带的空间用假山结合云墙的方式区分空间,从枇杷园内经过园洞门北望雪香云蔚亭.又以山石作为前置夹景,都是成功的比如。
For example, Yuanmingyuan's "Wuling Spring" should reflect the artistic conception of the world's peach-blossom and separate the earth and mountains into separate spaces, in which two mountains and rivers are used to make topographic changes such as Taohuaxi, Taohuadong and fishing harbor by means of harvesting and releasing time. It can be seen in a very narrow place that is vast, seemingly blocked and accessible, and can give people a "undoubted road with heavy mountains and rivers". Willows, dark flowers and bright villages. The area between the Renshou Palace in the Summer Palace and the Kunming Lake is the boundary between the palace area and the residential and tourist areas. A rockery is built here by means of earthen hills with stones. The rockery combines barrier treatment in the separate space. Behind the magnificent Renshou Palace, the garden road was shortened very narrowly, and the "Zhi" shape was chosen to form a valley road. A wide, sparse and bright Kunming Lake suddenly spreads out in front of a valley entrance. This kind of "want to release first harvest" landscaping method has achieved good practical results. In addition, such as Loquat Garden in Humble Administration Garden, Yuanxiangtang and Yaomen, the space is distinguished by the way of rockery combined with cloud wall, and the snow-scented cloud Pavilion is seen from the loquat garden through the garden cave gate to the north, and the mountains and stones are used as the pre-view, which are successful examples.
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In summary, all the Jinan Jinxiu Landscape Company provide, want to know more about Jinan rockery production knowledge, welcome to pay attention to our website: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com Thank you for your support!