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假山制造办法以及假山制造的分类

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-180-1.html  更新时间:2018-11-13
假山制造办法以及假山制造的分类
Method of making rockery and classification of rockery manufacture
城市中随处可见的供人们休闲文娱的公园,也随处可见工人们休闲的假山,可是关于假山制造的办法也尤为独特。先按照园林工程师制造的假山模型,用废旧砖石资料砌筑起来,砖石砌筑的形状大致与规划者规划的假山模型形状差不多。为了节省资料,可在砌体内砌出内空的石室,然后用钢筋混凝土板盖顶,留出门洞和通气口。当砌体胚形彻底砌筑好后,就用1:2或1:2.5的水泥沙浆模仿天然石石面进行抹面。以这种结构形式做成的水泥假山,石内有空心的,也有实心的,一般都会挑选空心的,空心也是现在水泥假山的干流做法。
Parks for people's leisure and recreation can be seen everywhere in the city, and rockeries for workers'leisure can also be seen everywhere, but the method of making rockeries is particularly unique. Firstly, according to the rockery model made by landscape engineers, it is built with waste masonry materials. The shape of masonry is roughly the same as that of the rockery model planned by planners. In order to save information, hollow stone chambers can be built in masonry, and then reinforced concrete slabs can be used to cover the roof, leaving doors and vents. When the embryonic shape of masonry is completely built, the natural stone surface is imitated with 1:2 or 1:2.5 cement mortar. Cement rockeries made of this structure form, there are hollow rockeries, there are solid rockeries, will generally choose hollow rockeries, hollow is now the mainstream practice of cement rockeries.
假山制造过程分为九步:
The manufacturing process of rockery can be divided into nine steps.
1.定位放样:依据图纸.模型及现场状况进行定位放样。
1. positioning and lofting: positioning and lofting according to drawings, models and site conditions.
2.预埋件埋置:现浇板块选用70×100×6的预埋件,距离1.5-2.5m埋置;结构柱身选用70×100×6的预埋件,距离2m埋置。
2. Embedding of pre-embedded parts: 70*100*6 pre-embedded parts are selected for cast-in-situ plate, 1.5-2.5 m distance; 70*100*6 pre-embedded parts are selected for structural column, 2 m distance.
3.骨架制造:主资料为50×50×5角钢,非必须处用30×30×3角钢,涂刷锈漆进行防锈处理。先进行塑石方形骨架制造,骨架角钢的距离尺度一般控制在1.8-2.5m左右,衔接选用焊接方法;然后依据模型进行左右斜拉,做出假山的大致形状。
3. Skeleton Manufacturing: The main data are 50 x 50 x 5 angle steel, 30 x 30 x 3 angle steel is not necessary, and rust-proof paint is applied. First, plastic-stone square skeleton is manufactured. The distance scale of skeleton angle steel is generally controlled between 1.8 and 2.5 M. Welding method is selected for joining. Then, the skeleton angle steel is inclined to the left and the right according to the model to make the approximate shape of the rockery.
济南假山制作
4.钢筋网片:在骨架制造完成后,用Φ6圆钢进行钢筋网制造,钢筋网与角钢衔接及钢筋与钢筋衔接均选用焊接方法,钢筋网方格控制在18×18-25×25cm2左右,依据模型塑造初凸凹崎岖的天然外形。
4. Reinforcement mesh: After the frame is manufactured, the steel mesh is manufactured with 6 round steel. Welding method is used for the connection of steel mesh and angle steel and the connection of steel and reinforcing steel. The reinforcing steel mesh is controlled at about 18 *18-25 *25cm2, and the natural shape of initial bump and rugged is shaped according to the model.
5.铁丝网片:在钢筋网制造完成后,将标准为3×1/4(4目)的铁丝网绑扎其上面。
5. Wire mesh: After the steel mesh is manufactured, the standard wire mesh of 3 *1/4 (4 mesh) is tied to it.
6.抹灰:铁丝网片装置完成后,用1:1水泥砂浆进行底层抹灰,厚度1-1.5cm左右;一次完成后,进行二次抹灰,厚度为1.5cm左右。在假山外露部分的两层抹灰完成后,及时进行假山内部砂浆的抹制,厚度为1cm左右。
6. Plastering: After the wire mesh device is completed, the bottom layer is plastered with 1:1 cement mortar, the thickness is about 1-1.5 cm; after the first completion, the second plastering is carried out, the thickness is about 1.5 cm. After the two-layer plastering of the exposed part of the rockery is completed, the inner mortar of the rockery is polished in time with a thickness of about 1 cm.
7.造型:依据模型及所造山石的原料,对塑石假山进行造型,塑出石脉和条纹。
7. Modeling: According to the model and the raw materials of the orogenic rocks, the plastic rockery is modeled to create veins and stripes.
8.上色:依据所塑山石的位置极端效果,挑选适宜的氧化铁颜料进行调制.上色。
8. Colouring: According to the extreme effect of the position of the moulded rocks, the appropriate iron oxide pigments are selected for adjustment and colouring.
9.面油:最终进行面油处理。
9. surface oil: final surface oil treatment.
综上所述有济南锦绣山水景观公司提供,想了解更多济南假山制作知识,欢迎关注我们的网站:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com谢谢支持!
In summary, all the Jinan Jinxiu Landscape Company provide, want to know more about Jinan rockery production knowledge, welcome to pay attention to our website: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com Thank you for your support!