Layered structure of rockery
Because the structure of the rockery is generally complex and the amount of work is large, the layered treatment method is usually used in the construction of rockery, which is divided into three parts: the foundation stone, the middle and the top. This method not only facilitates the construction, but also makes the built rockery rich in change and sense of hierarchy.
The pillar is also the bottom. Commonly known as "pull bottom". Pillar Stone is on the bottom of the root, which requires a stable bottom. As the foundation of "stacking stone," all vertical and lateral bearing capacity depends on the safety of the pillar. Most of the pillars are hidden under the ground, because as long as a small part of them is exposed to the ground, it does not need to consider its appearance and shape, but because it will encounter the gravity of almost all the rockeries, it must have very high strength. In addition, in order to ensure the stability of the rockery, large and flat stones should be selected as far as possible on the bottom, which is also convenient for construction.
The middle stratum above pillars is the primary component of overlapping hills and the main part of rockery moulding. Its rich and varied artistic methods are the key and difficult part of rockery engineering. Its construction quality directly affects the appearance of the whole rockery. In the detailed construction, there are the following points for attention:
2 the connection of mountains and stones
In the middle-level construction of rockery company, it is necessary to make the connection between the upper and lower rocks tight. In addition to flash in a large area, it is also necessary to prevent too many broken rocks on the lower rocks. But sometimes, out of the preference of planners, some of these broken stones will be reserved deliberately to show some changes in the shape of the rockery.
3, the shape is random.
The vertical and horizontal directions of the rockery should be changed, but it should not be too trivial. It should be expanded and contracted in general to make the rockery scattered. In the setting of middle-level rocks, we should prevent the rigid and symmetrical shape of rectangle and square, and pay attention to the change of triangle which shows different rules in each direction. This can also make the rocks to bite stubble and improve the stability of the mountain. In addition, mountains and rocks should be stacked according to their natural veins, so as to ensure smooth access to all the hills.
4 balance of mountains
The middle layer is the central part connecting the bottom layer and the top layer, and the bottom layer is the foundation. To ensure that it has a satisfactory bearing capacity for the whole upper layer, the balance between itself and the upper layer must be considered when the middle layer is reached. For example, in the planning of rockery cliffs, the mountain body needs to be stacked layer by layer, so that the center of gravity of the mountain body will move forward, so the gravity of the forward center of gravity will be pulled back to the original center of gravity by several times the weight of the front.
5 beautify landscapes and combine landscapes
Without grass, flowers and trees, the rockery will be bare, dull and lacking vitality. Therefore, when building rockery, we should reserve cultivation holes in proper place according to the planning requirements, and cultivate flowers, plants and trees after the completion of the whole structure of rockery, so as to achieve better appreciation. In the process of rockery construction, pipes are sometimes reserved for planning fountains and other drainage equipment. After the completion of the rockery, in a certain range around the rockery, water pools will be built, and water from the mountains will be introduced into the pool with Taihu stone or Huangshi revetment, which will make the trees and mountains interesting and add appreciation to the rockery.
The top part, the upper part of the rockery, is an important part of appreciation, which is also its primary role and should undoubtedly be dealt with in key points. The top stone should undoubtedly be chosen with beautiful posture and veins. The volume of the stones on the top of the main peak should be large to show the momentum of the rockery. In the selection of stones at the top level, the requirements for different peaks are as follows:
6 heap of Xiufeng
Its characteristic is to use its huge volume to show the strong pressure to suppress the overall situation. The peak stone itself can be used as a single stone or a stone block. The summit of the peak should ensure that the center line of the mountain is straight and the center of the bottom is balanced, so that the mountain is stable. But at the same time, it should be noted that the selection of peak rocks should not only show its role, but also not be too large to collapse the mountain.
7 flow cloud peak
Liu Yunfeng focuses on picking, floating, ring and penetration in practice. Because the middle layer has been generally more stable placement, so in the end, only the middle layer of the ring drift into one. Peak stones themselves can be used as the backbone of a certain stone pick, or a new ring penetrator can be completed, which not only ensures that the stacked stones, but also ensures that their flow clouds or relaxed feelings are not damaged.
8 swords peak
Jian Lifeng, as the name suggests, is a rockery with vertical stones standing on the top of the mountain. This style is characterized by the use of swordstone to form a vertical, slender and erect top of the rockery, and then show its steep and upright momentum, piercing the other sky. With regard to this type of rockery, the roots under its peaks and stones must be very strong, and the stones should be closely connected and firmly stuck to ensure the stability and harmony of the peaks and stones.
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