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假山石的产地和特色

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-172-1.html  更新时间:2018-10-11
假山石的产地和特色
The origin and characteristics of fake mountain stone
1.黄石;黄石产自于江苏吴县和常州一带,石头的特色为墩块见方,直线条多棱多角,呈黄褐色。石墩厚恶劣,见棱见角,节理明晰。色橙黄者称黄石。黄石宜叠大山,浑厚挺括,雄奇壮丽,粗犷而赋有骨力,层层叠叠,峭壁陡立,构成黄石风格。
1. Huangshi; Huangshi is produced in Wuxian and Changzhou, Jiangsu Province. The stone is characterized by square piers, straight lines, multi-angular, yellow-brown. The stone piers are thick and harsh, with sharp angles and clear joints. The color orange is called Huangshi. Huangshi is suitable for folding mountains, thick and straight, magnificent, rough and bony, layered, steep cliffs, constitute the style of Huangshi.
2.姑苏太湖石;姑苏太湖石(也称南太湖石)计成《园冶》中讲:“姑苏府所属洞庭山,石产水涯,惟消夏湾者为最。性坚而润,有嵌空、穿眼、悠扬、险怪势。”“太湖石”一词在唐吴融《太湖石歌》中就说到:“洞庭山下湖波碧,波中万古生幽石。铁索千寻取得来,奇形怪状谁能识。”白居易《太湖石记》也写到:“石有聚族,太湖为甲”。宋徽宗爱石如命,广取苏杭奇石,使太湖石身价大增。京都开封“寿山艮岳”上最大的一块太湖石,高5丈。宋徽宗封为“盘固侯”。上海豫园的“玉玲珑”、杭州西湖的“皱云峰”、南京瞻园的“仙人峰”、姑苏留园的“冠云峰”等,亦是太湖名石。
2. Gusu Taihu Lake Stone; Gusu Taihu Lake Stone (also known as the South Taihu Lake Stone) plan into "Yuanye" said: "Gusu House belongs to Dongting Mountain, stone water, but Xiaoxia Bay is the most. Sex is strong and moist, with embedded space, eye opening, melodious and dangerous weird potential. The word "Taihu stone" in Tang Wurong's "Taihu stone song" said: "Dongting Mountain under the lake Bobi, wave in the eternal pebble. The iron rope thousand search obtains, the strange shape is strange, who can understand. Bai Juyi's "Taihu stone" also wrote: "stone has gathered together, Taihu is a". Song Hui Zun loves stone like life, and widely takes Suhang and strange stones, so that Taihu's rock price increases greatly. Kaifeng Kaifeng "Shoushan mountain" the largest piece of Taihu stone, 5 feet high. Song Hui Chung was called "Pan Gu Hou". The Yulinglong Garden in Shanghai, the Wrinkle Cloud Peak in West Lake of Hangzhou, the Celestial Peak in Nanjing and the Guanyun Peak in Gusu Liuyuan are also famous stones of Taihu Lake.
湖石的最大特色是:瘦、皱、透、漏。孔穿洞开,千姿百态,柔曼婉媚,雅美深致,历为叠山胜品。依湖石性,多选用环透拼叠法,外观山势讲究弧形的峦势和曲线,处处体现出湖石的天然形状。根据太湖石空泛的巨细和纹路,细分为流水岩和流纹岩。
The biggest features of Lake stone are thin, wrinkled, transparent and leaky. The hole is wide open and varied, gentle and graceful, elegant and deep, and is a product of folding hills. According to the nature of Lake rocks, mostly using ring penetration and stacking method, the appearance of mountain stress arc range and curve, everywhere reflects the natural shape of Lake rocks. According to the size and texture of Taihu's rock and sky, it is divided into flowing rock and rhyolite.
3.灵璧石;产自于安徽灵璧县渔沟土山村,石质敲之有声,多孔曲线条,色彩为青褐色。石产土中,中灰色。计成《园冶》讲:“扣之铿然有声……随其巨细详细而生,或成物状,或成峰峦,?岩透空,其眼罕见婉转之势。”根据石形、石性,可顿置几案盆景,亦可叠成山石小品,大块山石可作立峰观赏。
3. Lingbi Stone; from Yugou Tushan Village, Lingbi County, Anhui Province, with a sound of stone knocking, porous curves and cyan-brown color. In stone producing soil, medium gray. Ji Yuan, "Yuan Ye" said: "the clasp is loud and clear. With their details, they are born in detail, or become objects, or become peaks. According to the stone shape and stone nature, several cases of bonsai can be placed immediately, can also be folded into rock sketches, large rocks can be used for peak viewing.
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4.英石;产自于广东英德县,石头色彩类似灵璧石,纹路凹凸显着,叩之有声。英德石瘦骨铮铮,嶙峋剔透,皴皱棱角,清奇美丽,多用于园林小品。
4. Yingshi; produced in Yingde County, Guangdong Province, the stone is similar to Lingbi stone in color, with notable concave and prominent grain and sound tapping. Ying De Shi thin bone clenching, rugged, wrinkled, angular, beautiful and beautiful, mostly used for garden sketches.
5.房山山皮石;产自于河北省房山县,山外表一层带有横向天然纹路,石质为石灰岩。
5. Fangshan mountain pebble; from Fangshan County, Hebei Province, the surface of the mountain with a transverse natural grain, the stone is limestone.
6.昌平下庄石;昌平下庄石,产于一条河床中,通过长期冲刷,纹路明晰明丽,外表圆浑润滑,且质坚细腻,色浅白如玉,十分美丽可人,适用于大型叠山或园林小品。钓鱼台国宾馆正门障山选用此石,作用极佳。此石由作者寻觅发现,称之为燕山白玉石。
6. Changping Xiazhuang Stone; Changping Xiazhuang Stone, produced in a river bed, through long-term scouring, clear lines, round and lubricated appearance, and hard and delicate, light white as jade, very beautiful and pleasant, suitable for large-scale folded mountains or garden sketches. The stone block at the main entrance of Diaoyutai State Guest House is very good. The stone was discovered by the author, called the Yanshan white jade stone.
7.北太湖石;产自于河北易县和山东费县,这两个地方的石头线条色彩都与太湖石类似,石质细腻,姿势园润,唯一的差异就是孔洞较少或无。
7. North Taihu Stone; from Yixian County in Hebei Province and Feixian County in Shandong Province. The stone lines in these two places are similar to Taihu Stone in color. The stone is delicate and the posture is moist. The only difference is that there are fewer holes or no holes.
8.黄蜡石;黄蜡石产自广西,石色蜡黄,外表润滑,类似于水冲石。
8. yellow wax stone; yellow wax stone is made from Guangxi, stone yellow, lubricated, resembling water washed stone.
9.水冲石产自于房山山谷里,石色灰白外表润滑,石质坚固,终年水冲构成。
9. Flushing stone is produced in the Fangshan valley. The lime-white appearance is lubricated and the stone is solid. It is made up of flushing stone all year round.
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Jinan Jinxiu Landscape Co., Ltd. Anyone interested in making Jinan rockery can pay close attention to us at http://www.sdjnjingguan.com. Please look forward to more wonderful sculpture content.