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假山的制造方法和构思设计

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-162-1.html  更新时间:2018-08-30
山石盆景是一种立体的画。它经过作者艺术加工,进行移 天缩地神奇办法的处理,在天涯盆盎中把天然美景经过山体、植物、配件组景的办法再现出来。而假山是山石盆景 中的主体,也只要完成了假山的制造,才干组合成完好的 山石盆景。那么,咱们不仿就先来制造假山吧。
Mountain bonsai is a three-dimensional painting. It is processed by the author's art, the magic method of heaven-moving and earth-shrinking treatment, in the endless pan of natural beauty through the mountains, plants, parts of the combination of the way to reappear. The rockery is the main part of the rock bonsai, and only when the rockery is made, can the rockery bonsai be well combined. Well, let's make fake rockery first.
一 、资料和东西:
I. materials and things:
资料:山石、水泥、沙子、氧化铁红、氧化铁黄、铬绿、 墨汁;东西:钢锯(或切割机)、锤子、凿子、钳子、小山子、 钢丝刷、毛笔、小刮刀
Information: Rock, cement, sand, iron oxide red, iron oxide yellow, chrome green, ink; things: steel saw (or cutter), hammer, chisel, pliers, hills, wire brush, brush, scraper, knife
过程 /办法
Process / approach
1、构思设计:
1. Conceptual design:
假山模型制造能够用泡沫制造一个假山的大概形状,一般 情况下,只要大型假山才需求制造假山模型。而自己制造
Rockery model making can make an approximate shape of a rockery with foam. Generally, only large rockery models are needed. And make it yourself.
假山则能够用手艺制造一个假山形状。由于是自己制造假 山,只要自己能看懂即可,无需制造专业的假山模型。
Rockery can create a rockery shape by craft. Because they make rockery, if you can understand it, you don't need to build a professional rockery model.
在假山制造前,有必要要做到胸中有数,制造哪一类盆景, 哪一种盆景造型,都要确定好,不然就无从下手,依据构 思,初步在沙盘中摆放出山体的形状。留意:假山的凹凸、 巨细要与浅口盆的巨细份额协调。
Before the rockery is manufactured, it is necessary to have a certain number in mind, which kind of bonsai to make, which kind of bonsai modeling, must be determined, otherwise there is no way to start, according to the idea, the preliminary placement of the shape of the mountain in the sand table. Note: the bump and size of the rockery should be in proportion to the size of the shallow basin.
制造人员能够依据自己的喜欢挑选石头。不管是松质或硬 质山石,制造假山的石料有必要具有天然纹路、色彩以及形 态天然的特色。
Manufacturers can pick stones according to their own likes. Whether it's loose or hard rocks, rocks that make rockeries need to have natural textures, colors and shapes.
松质石料:吸水石、芦管石、浮石、珊瑚石等。
Loose stones: water absorbent stone, reed pipe stone, pumice stone, coral stone, etc.
硬质石料:英德石、斧劈石、石笋石、千层石、松化石、 砂片石、太湖石、龟纹石、灵璧石等。
Hard stone: Yingde stone, axe stone, stalagmite, thousand-layer stone, loose fossil, sandstone, Taihu stone, turtle grain stone, Lingbi stone and so on.
2、粘合胶接假山:胶接山体
2, adhesive bonded rockery: glue mountain.
先要调好水泥胶浆,留意胶浆要随用随调,还要 留意胶浆的稀稠度。
First, we must adjust the cement mortar, pay attention to the glue should follow suit, and pay attention to the consistency of the mortar.
石材加工,把需求胶接的山体用锤、凿、锯等工 具加工出纹路和比较独特的形状来。
Stone processing, the demand for gluing the mountain with hammer, chisel, saw and other tools to produce a more unique pattern and shape.
石材天然未经加工的占多数,因此有必要依据景象要求进行 对石材的锯截、衔接和粘合,锯截石材用切割机或钢锯进 行,也可用锤子敲断理平的办法进行。 锯截不仅用锯,用 凿、斧,包含锻烧后的摔打都是截分的办法。 锯截石头可 用钢锯、 园艺手锯, 质地坚硬的石料的锯截要依托切割机、 割磨机。对结构上表里共同,形状混沌的石头,先锯截出 粗概括,再详尽的雕凿,最后刻划纹路。
Most of the stones are natural and unprocessed, so it is necessary to saw, join and bond the stones according to the requirements of the scene. The cutting stones are carried out by cutting machine or steel saw, or by hammer breaking and leveling. Sawing is not only used for sawing, chisel and axe, but also for beating after burning. Sawing stone can be used hacksaw, horticultural hand saw, hard stone cutting to rely on cutting machine, cutting mill. On the structure of the common surface, shape chaotic stone, first saw out rough summary, and then detailed carving, and finally carved lines.
济南假山制作
粘合山体
Glued mountain
在需求粘合的山石双面用嵌板别离涂上水泥胶浆使山石吻 合为一体,粘合时要留意,尽量使山石粘合处看不出开裂 的痕迹,还要留意把粘合处剩余的胶浆铲除洁净。
In the need to bond the two sides of the mountain and stone with the panel separately coated with cement mortar to make the mountain and stone into one, bonding should pay attention to, as far as possible to make the mountain and stone bonding can not see cracking marks, but also pay attention to the remaining glue in the bonding to eradicate clean.
山石的胶合可用水泥或化学剂。水泥的粘结强度高、用费 少且运用方便。 树脂类粘胶剂等化学剂粘合的效果也很好, 但本钱偏高。所以一般是用水泥。 山石胶合可选用 500号 左右的水泥或白水泥,掺的沙最好与山石的色彩附近,白 水泥可直接运用。水泥与沙的份额为 1:1.5 左右,水泥沙 浆可依山石分配附近的色彩,选用建筑资料中颜料:氧化 铁红、氧化铁黄、铬绿、墨汁等等,分配时稍深于山石的 色彩,干后会淡些。
The bonding of mountain stones can be made of cement or chemical agents. Cement has high bond strength, low cost and convenient operation. Resin adhesives and other chemical adhesives are also effective, but the cost is high. So the cement is usually used. Rock cement can be used about 500 cement or white cement, sand mixed with the best color of rock near, white cement can be used directly. The proportion of cement and sand is about 1:1.5. The cement mortar can distribute the colors near the stones. Pigments used in building materials are iron oxide red, iron oxide yellow, chrome green, ink and so on. The color of the cement mortar is slightly deeper than that of the stones and will be lighter after drying.
3、保养假山:
3, maintain rockery:
山体制造完成后,不能立刻碰动,要喷水维护两三天,山 体才会根本结实。
After the completion of the mountain, it is impossible to touch the water immediately. If the water is maintained for two or three days, the mountain will be strong.
山石盆景也有在一个盆盎内一起有两座假山呈现,一为主 山,另一为客山。(主山比较巨大,客山比较矮小)这时 候,一个盆景就要制造两座假山了。
The bonsai also has two rockery in one basin, one is the main mountain and the other is the guest mountain. (the main mountain is relatively large, and the guest mountain is relatively short). At this time, a bonsai is going to make two rockery.
山体制造完成后,不能立刻碰动,要喷水维护两三天,山 体才会根本结实。
After the completion of the mountain, it is impossible to touch the water immediately. If the water is maintained for two or three days, the mountain will be strong.
(济南锦绣山水景观公司,对济南假山制作感兴趣的朋友可以关注我们http://www.sdjnjingguan.com,敬请期待)
(Jinan Jinxiu Landscape Company, friends interested in Jinan rockery production can pay attention to our http://www.sdjnjingguan.com, please look forward to)