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现代园林中假山制作的艺术源泉和依据

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-21-116-1.html  更新时间:2018-02-06
外国园林也布置有假山。古代的亚述喜用人工造小丘和台地,并把宫殿建在大丘上,把神庙建在小丘上。日本很重视用假山布置园林。
The foreign gardens are also decorated with rockery. The ancient Assyrian likes to build a small hill and a terrace, and build the palace on the hill, and the temple is built on the hill. Japan attaches great importance to the use of rockery to decorate gardens.
在山石命名和位置安排方面,受佛教的影响。欧洲一些国家在植物园中开辟的岩生植物园,以岩生植物为主体,用岩石和土壤创造岩生植物的生长条件,还在动物园中造兽山以展览动物。欧美现代园林中出现不少用水泥或钢化玻璃等材料塑成的假山。
In the name and location of the stone, it is influenced by Buddhism.  Some European countries opened at the botanical garden in epipetric botanical garden, with rock plants as the main body, to create conditions for the growth of rock plant rocks and soil in the zoo made in the mountains to the beast animal exhibition. The modern gardens in Europe and America have a lot of rockery made of cement or toughened glass.
假山艺术最根本的原则是“有真为假,做假成真”。大自然的山水是假山创作的艺术源泉和依据。真山虽好,却难得经常游览。假山布置在住宅附近,作为艺术作品,比真山更为概括、更为精炼,可寓以人的思想感情,使之有“片山有致,寸石生情”的魅力。
济南假山制作
The principle of rockery art is the most fundamental "is really false, false true". The landscape of nature is the source and basis of the artistic creation of the rockery. Although the mountain is good, it is rare to visit it often. The rockery is arranged near the house. As an art work, the rockery is more general and more refined than the real mountain. It can be embodied in the human's thoughts and feelings, so that it has the charm of "the mountains and the hills, the stones and the feelings".
人为的假山又必须力求不露人工的痕迹,令人真假难辨。与中国传统的山水画一脉相承的假山,贵在似真非真,虽假犹真,耐人寻味。
Artificial mountains must also strive to not reveal artificial marks, which are true and false. In line with the Chinese traditional landscape painting of the rockery, is only half real, although still really false, intriguing.
在工程结构方面主要技术是要求有稳固耐久的基础,递层而起,石间互咬,等分平衡,达到“其状可骇,万无一失”的效果。
In terms of engineering structure, the main technology is to require a solid and durable foundation, to transfer layers, to bite each other, and to balance equally, so as to achieve the goal of being "safe and reliable".
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