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假山制作在设计中需要注意的问题?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-315-1.html  更新时间:2020-06-05
假山制作在设计中应该需要注意以下10点:
In the design of rockery, the following 10 points should be paid attention to:
1、造假山应先根据需要,配合环境,决定假山的位置、形状与大小高低。
1. The location, shape and size of the rockery should be determined according to the needs and the environment.
2、假山设计忌最高点正对房屋明间,更忌在其上建亭。
2. Rockery design avoid the highest point of the house is facing the open room, but also avoid building pavilions on it.
3、假山设计要错落有致。假山总体的垂直方向和水平方向都要有所错落,不宜过于零碎,最好是大伸大缩,注意总体效果。安石错落得宜,不仅美观,而且由于石块之间搭拉咬茬,从而提高山体稳定程度。
3. Rockery design should be well arranged. The overall vertical and horizontal direction of rockery should be staggered, not too fragmented, it is better to stretch and shrink, and pay attention to the overall effect. It's not only beautiful, but also because of the stubble between the stones, so as to improve the stability of the mountain.
4、别墅园林设计中假山一般建于池侧,其高度不应只根据池面宽窄来决定,还要考虑池水最高水位和对岸地平线的高度。
4. In villa garden design, rockery is generally built on the side of the pool. Its height should not only be determined by the width of the pool surface, but also the highest water level of the pool and the height of the horizon on the other side.
5、如果是较小的庭院因面积有限,一般将假山设为房屋的主要对景,同时可栽植花木,以增加生气和弥补没有水池的缺点,还要注意花木的大小、高低宜有层次。
5. If it is a small courtyard due to the limited area, the rockery is generally set as the main view of the house. At the same time, flowers and trees can be planted to increase the vitality and make up for the shortcomings of no pool. In addition, the size and height of the flowers and trees should be layered.
6、假山的体量须与空间相称,形状宜前低后高,轮廓应有变化。
6. The volume of the rockery must match the space, the shape should be lower before and higher after, and the contour should be changed.
7、假山设计要有虚有实。山是实体而谷是虚体,形成了虚实对比,使假山形趋于灵活。
7. Rockery design should be real and false. The mountain is the entity while the valley is the virtual body, forming a contrast between the virtual and the real, which makes the shape of the false mountain tend to be flexible.
8、“山无草不活”堆砌假山时要按照整体造型要求在适当地方留置种植穴,种植花草和树木,使整座假山显得生机勃勃,达到以假乱真的效果。
8. When the rockery is piled up, planting holes shall be left in proper places according to the overall modeling requirements, and flowers, plants and trees shall be planted to make the whole rockery appear lively and achieve the effect of falsehood.
9、可多用衬托手法。可用侧峰来烘托主峰,位置、形体高低、大小又互相衬托,以产生虚实对比,增加山形的变化与立体感。
9. Can be used to set off the technique. The side peak can be used to set off the main peak, and the position, body height and size can also set off each other, so as to produce the contrast between the real and the virtual, and increase the change and stereoscopic sense of the mountain shape.
A、体形较小的假山,可以将主峰置于前部,利用左右峡谷、桥和较低的峰峦作陪衬,也能使主峰相当雄伟。但不论采用何种方式,主峰位置宜稍偏,假山山形较长者尤须如此。B、体形较大的假山,可将主峰置于后侧,其前以盘曲的蹬道,错综的台、谷、涧,瀑布、绝壁等,自下而上构成层层叠叠的复杂形体,主峰自然显得高峻。
A. The smaller rockery can put the main peak at the front, and make use of the left and right canyons, bridges and lower peaks as the foil, which can also make the main peak quite magnificent. However, no matter what method is adopted, the position of the main peak should be slightly deviated, especially for the rockery with longer shape. B. For large rockeries, the main peak can be placed at the back side, with winding pedals, intricate platforms, valleys, streams, waterfalls, cliffs, etc. in front of them. From the bottom to the top, the main peak naturally appears high and precipitous.
10、假山设计要注意山水结合,相映成趣。假山建成后,在假山前面或左右,可挖土筑池。以精巧细腻的艺术手法理好水景,用太湖石和黄石驳岸,把假山上的流水引入池中,使水得山而活,山得水而媚。
10. The rockery design should pay attention to the combination of mountains and rivers, and make each other interesting. After the rockery is completed, the earth can be dug to build a pond in front of or around the rockery. With exquisite artistic techniques, the waterscape is well managed, and the Taihu stone and Yellowstone are used for revetment. The water from the rockery is introduced into the pool to make the water live on the mountain and beautiful on the mountain.