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假山基础有哪些技术要点大家知道吗?

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-314-1.html  更新时间:2020-06-04
  在假山制作之前,一定要有信心,制作哪种假山,哪种假山基础需要确定,否则是不可能开始的。假山基础有哪些技术要点?这有点复杂。这不能用一两句话来解释。所以,济南假山制作小编就为大家整理一下,希望对大家有所帮助。
  Before making rockery, we must have confidence in which rockery to make and which rockery foundation need to be determined, otherwise it is impossible to start. What are the technical points of rockery foundation? It's a little complicated. It can't be explained in a word or two. Therefore, Jinan rockery production small edition for you to sort out, hope to help you.
  假山基础有哪些技术要点?假山制作一定要知道!
  What are the technical points of rockery foundation? Rockery production must know!
  目前,假山制作的基本工艺分为:1、灰桩基础;2. 灰浆砌块石基础;3.混凝土基础;4. 桩基础;5. 石灰的基础;6. 石钉夯土基础。假山制作,假山的基本技术要点如下(特别注意:具体施工操作要看假山制作施工图纸,以下一些数字、参数都是我们具体工程,不能硬拷贝!):
济南假山制作
  At present, the basic technology of rockery making includes: 1. Ash pile foundation; 2. Mortar block stone foundation; 3. Concrete foundation; 4. Pile foundation; 5. Lime foundation; 6. Stone nail rammed earth foundation. The basic technical points of rockery production are as follows (special attention: the specific construction operation depends on the rockery production construction drawings, and some of the following figures and parameters are our specific projects, not hard copies!):
  1、灰桩基础:是在地面上均匀钻孔,然后填上石灰压实而形成的假山基础。桩孔内的石灰吸水后膨胀固化,使地面牢固。一般用作小型假山的简单基础。
  1. Ash pile foundation: it is a rockery foundation formed by drilling evenly on the ground and then filling with lime for compaction. The lime in the pile hole expands and solidifies after absorbing water to make the ground firm. It is generally used as a simple foundation for small rockeries.
  2、灰浆砌块石基础:假山制作可采用1:2.5或1:3水泥砂浆砌筑一层石料,厚度300-500mm;用于水下砌筑的水泥砂浆应为1:2。在块石基层下可铺30mm厚的粗砂作为找平层,地基应夯实。砂浆和灌浆可用于砌筑块石与水泥砂浆。
  2. Mortar block stone foundation: a layer of stone with thickness of 300-500mm can be built with 1:2.5 or 1:3 cement mortar for rockery fabrication; the cement mortar used for underwater masonry shall be 1:2. 30mm thick coarse sand can be laid under the block stone base as the leveling layer, and the foundation shall be compacted. Mortar and grouting can be used for masonry block stone and cement mortar.
  3.混凝土基础:在平土夯实层之上可做30-70mm厚的砂石垫层;在垫层上面是混凝土的基本层。地面混凝土层厚度和强度可设计为100-200mm,采用C15混凝土。水下厚度约为500mm,强度为C20。在假山施工等基础坚实的情况下,可挖平土槽浇筑混凝土基础。
  3. Concrete foundation: 30-70mm thick sand and stone cushion can be made above the flat soil compaction layer; above the cushion is the basic layer of concrete. The thickness and strength of the ground concrete layer can be designed as 100-200mm, and C15 concrete is used. The underwater thickness is about 500mm and the strength is C20. Under the condition of solid foundation such as rockery construction, it is possible to excavate and level the earth trough to pour concrete foundation.
  4、桩基础:假山地基采用木桩或混凝土桩制成,即桩基础,桩基础主要用于松软土或新建回填的地方。桩基础一般采用杉木或柏木桩,桩径10-15cm,桩长1-2m,桩底呈尖形。对于混凝土桩基础,应先设计预制混凝土桩,且桩端仍为尖形。木桩以梅花的形式排列,间距约20厘米。桩材的顶部可暴露于地面或湖底10-30cm处,在此过程中将小石块紧密镶嵌并镶嵌平整,然后在顶部铺设一层花岗岩或其他石材作为假山桩基础的顶石。另一种方法是在桩基础的顶面进行铺装和夯实,从而形成桩基础。
  4. Pile foundation: the rockery foundation is made of wood piles or concrete piles, i.e. pile foundation. Pile foundation is mainly used for soft soil or new backfill places. Generally, Chinese fir or cypress pile is used as pile foundation, with pile diameter of 10-15cm, pile length of 1-2m and pile bottom in sharp shape. For the concrete pile foundation, the prefabricated concrete pile shall be designed first, and the pile end is still sharp. The stakes are arranged in the form of plum blossom, with a spacing of about 20cm. The top of the pile material can be exposed to the ground or the lake bottom 10-30cm. In this process, small stones are closely inlaid and leveled, and then a layer of granite or other stones are laid on the top as the top stone of the rockery pile foundation. Another method is to pave and compact the top surface of the pile foundation to form the pile foundation.
  5. 石灰基础:主要由石灰与平原土按3:7的比例混合而成。每层石灰土厚度为30cm,夯实至15cm厚,称为一级石灰土。假山一般高度在2米以上,其石灰土基础可设计为一级平原土加二级石灰土。2米以下的假山,可采用逐级土加石灰土设计。
  5. Lime Foundation: it is mainly composed of lime and plain soil in the proportion of 3:7. Each layer of lime soil is 30cm thick and compacted to 15cm thick, which is called first class lime soil. Generally, the height of rockery is more than 2m, and its lime soil foundation can be designed as grade I plain soil plus grade II lime soil. For the rockery below 2m, it can be designed by adding lime soil step by step.
  6、石钉夯土基础:是用尖利的石头撞击地面,使假山的土壤被压实,然后在其上压上一层平土或石灰土。一般用作低矮假山的底座。
  6. Rammed earth foundation with stone nails: it uses sharp stones to hit the ground, so that the soil of rockery is compacted, and then a layer of flat soil or lime soil is pressed on it. Generally used as the base of low rockery.
  需要注意的是:人造土山和低假山一般不需要地基,山直接在地面上。假山的高度超过3米时,要考虑设置适当的地基。一般来说,高大、厚重的大型假山制作时,需要选择混凝土基础或块石浆基础;假山高度和重量适中,可用石灰基础或桩基础。
  It should be noted that: artificial earth mountain and low rockery generally do not need foundation, and the mountain is directly on the ground. When the height of the rockery is more than 3m, proper foundation shall be considered. Generally speaking, when making large and thick rockery, concrete foundation or block stone slurry foundation should be selected; the rockery height and weight are moderate, and lime foundation or pile foundation can be used.
  以上关于济南假山制作基础有哪些技术依据?假山制作一定要知道!如果您还有任何问题,可以到我们的官方网站咨询设计工程师。
  What's the technical basis of Jinan rockery production? Rockery production must know! If you have any questions, you can go to our official website to consult the design engineer.