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关于济南真石假山在园林中的应用

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-236-1.html  更新时间:2019-07-15
  真石假山定义
  Definition of Real Stone Rockery
  “假山”,是与自然形成对比的“真山”。
  "Rockery" is a "real mountain" in contrast with nature.
  假山是以景观、旅游为主要目的,以土壤、石材为主要原料,在自然景观的基础上进行艺术提取、概括、夸张,形成山系、水系。山石是具有一定观赏价值的天然山石,是独立的景观或作为一种配套安排,主要表现山石的个体美或局部组合,但并非完整的山石景观。
  Artistic extraction, generalization and exaggeration of rockery are carried out on the basis of natural landscape, with landscape and tourism as the main purposes, soil and stone as the main raw materials, and mountain and river systems are formed. Rocks are natural rocks with certain ornamental value. They are independent landscapes or as a supporting arrangement. They mainly show individual beauty or local combination of rocks, but they are not complete landscapes.
  假山的形式组合成山和水
  Mountains and waters are formed in the form of rockeries
  假山材料
  Rockery material
  假山材料有两种,一种是天然岩石材料,仅在人工堆砌时,以水泥为胶结材料,以混凝土为基础;有一种水泥混合砂浆、钢丝网或GRC(低碱度玻璃纤维水泥)为材料,人工塑化过假山,又称“塑石”、“塑山”。
  There are two kinds of rockery materials, one is natural rock material, only when artificial stacking, cement is used as cementing material and concrete is used as foundation; the other is cement mixed mortar, steel wire mesh or GRC (low alkalinity glass fiber cement) as material, which is used to plasticize rockery artificially, also known as "plastic stone" and "plastic mountain".
  济南真石假山
  Jinan Zhenshi Rockery
  假山景观功能
  Landscape function of rockery
  假山可以组织分割,分隔空间
  Rockery can organize, divide and divide space.
  假山可以因地制宜,协调环境
  Rockery can be adapted to local conditions and coordinate the environment.
  塑石假山是山水速写,美化山水的
  Plastic rockery rockery is a sketch of landscape, beautifying landscape
  如构成园林的主要景观或地形框架,划分和组织园林空间,布置庭院、护坡、护坡、挡土、设置天然花坛。它还可以与园林建筑、园林道路、园林场地和园林植物相结合,形成丰富多样的景观,从而减少人工气氛,增添自然情趣,使园林建筑融入景观环境。因此,假山已成为我国自然景观园林的特色之一。
济南真石假山
  Such as the main landscape or topographic framework of the garden, dividing and organizing the garden space, arranging courtyards, slope protection, soil protection, setting up natural flower beds. It can also be combined with garden architecture, garden roads, garden sites and garden plants to form a rich and diverse landscape, thereby reducing the artificial atmosphere, adding natural interest, and integrating garden architecture into the landscape environment. Therefore, rockery has become one of the characteristics of natural landscape gardens in China.
  济南真石假山
  Jinan Zhenshi Rockery
  假山园林技术
  Rockery Landscape Technology
  相对布局,虚实结合(即选择并结合环境条件来确定景观框架和景观情境)
  Relative layout, combination of virtual and real (that is, selection and combination of environmental conditions to determine the landscape framework and landscape situation)
  显然,要确保假山主体突出,配以其他植物、小块石,突出主体部分。
  Obviously, it is necessary to ensure that the main body of the rockery is prominent, with other plants and small stones to highlight the main part.
  (宋代画家郭熙《林泉高枝》说:“山有三远。从山脚下向上看,山峰那么高;从山前到山后,那深远;离山越近,看山越远,山就越远。”);还有那些家伙。根据水的自然面部静脉和山上的石头,fragmentalstone材料堆积有整体性和某些类型的假山,有“潜在的”,远观,近看“质量”和对比衬托,包括大小、曲率,起伏不定,等等。在工程结构方面,主要技术要求有一个稳定耐用的地基,从层间升起,在石块之间互相咬合,均分平衡,达到“其形状可以可怕,万无一失”的效果。假山前后的关系,增加了其“深度”。
  (Song Dynasty painter Guo Xi's "Lin Quan Gaozhi" said: "The mountains are three distances. Looking up from the foot of the mountain, the peak is so high; from the front to the back, it is so far; the nearer the mountain is, the farther the mountain is. And those guys. According to the natural facial veins of water and the stones on the mountain, fragmental alstone materials accumulate as a whole and some types of rockeries, with "potential", far-sighted, near-sighted "quality" and contrast, including size, curvature, fluctuation, and so on. In the aspect of Engineering structure, the main technical requirement is to have a stable and durable foundation, which rises from the layers, bites and balances between the stones, and achieves the effect of "its shape is terrible, no loss". The relationship between rockery and its surroundings has increased its "depth".
  上主的律法与下主的律法不同。假山主体线在假山前方,可左右移动。如果主语在左边,那么宾语就在右边(如果主语在右边,那么宾语就在左边),产生一种共鸣的感觉。这样就形成了“执琵琶半盖”的效果,引起人们的好奇心,想要近距离观看。
  The law of the Lord is different from that of the Lord. The main line of the rockery is in front of the rockery and can move left and right. If the subject is on the left, then the object is on the right (if the subject is on the right, then the object is on the left), creating a sense of resonance. In this way, it forms the effect of "holding half cover of pipa", which arouses people's curiosity and wants to watch it from close range.
  以上是济南真石假山为大家整理的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com
  These are the related contents of Jinan Zhenshi Rockery. For more information, please visit the website: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com.