In Chinese gardens, the most common type of plastic rockery is earth and stone. But plastic rockery rockery with stone as the main material is more common in Hangzhou gardens. However, the choice of the stack of rocks is very important for the plasticization of rocks.
But today we want to introduce: rockery technology is also known as plastic stone technology. Because of the different astronomical positions, it is often divided into two schools: the North School centered on Beijing and the South School centered on the Taihu Lake Basin. Since ancient times, the plastic rockery rockery in Beijing has been mostly based on Wu people. Most of the artisans in the Dishan area in the south of the Yangtze River are from the south of the Yangtze River, such as Li Yu, Zhang Lian and Zhang Ran, whose father and son were from the south of the Yangtze River in the early Qing Dynasty, and left the plastic rockery rockery works in Beijing. Later, people in Beijing specialized in folding rockeries, which they called "Shanzizhang", and their ancestors: An, Lian, Jie, Dou, Hang, Needle, Hang, Sword, Card, Hang "Cross Head". There are also "30-character formulas" of "one-joint bucket hanging, hanging with hanging swords, hanging with flying peaks on the back, nailing load-bearing hooks and tenons, filling and cushioning, and up-pressure conversion". There are nine-character formulas for folding, erecting, cushioning, spelling, picking, pressing, hooking, hanging and supporting in the south of the Yangtze River. The appearance of the rockery is roughly the same, which is the appearance of rockery in the process of stacking, separating the rockery from the rockery, and in some basic techniques and operations. At present, these basic stone-stacking techniques are often used in the construction of plastic rockery rockery, and are listed in the certification standard of professional skills of Chinese rockery workers. It is described as follows:
Rockery Sculpture-Rockery Waterfall Landscape
To secure means to fix a rock. In Suzhou dialect, this custom is called "home" or "Ai". Anshi mainly through the top of the stone, highlighting the "Qiao" and "shape", to reach the facade of the rockery (appreciation) over the empty space, which is "Xiao'anqiao" said in the garden of Mount Yetuo.
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Even between rocks and rocks overlap in degree and direction. According to the natural contour, texture, concave-convex, angular and other natural connections of the mountain, Lianshi constitutes the natural weathered rock joints. At the same time, we should pay attention to the creases and turns between the stones.
That is, the vertical overlap between rocks and rocks. "Connection" should be good at making use of the cross-section between rocks or piles to form a natural layer of joints at the joint, which is called the horizontal (degree) layer structure and the vertical layer structure of rockfill in the design of plastic rockery rockery. This requires the use of inlay method, stop collage, so that the top and the bottom of the mountain stone each other, like a stone.
It is a phenomenon that simulates natural rock being eroded by running water to form caves. To form the shape of the top air shape, like two sheep fighting with the top. This is the image of an ancient mountain builder.
Rockery Sculpture-Rockery Falls Landscape Project
Hanging refers to the main appreciation of rocks. Because of its flat side or bad shape, it will stop splicing and hanging with rocks on the other side as compensation to strengthen the plane view of rocks, which is called "hanging". Debris can be applied to the biting of the stubble, and then fixed by superposition at the top. If the side of the stubble matches smoothly, cement can be used to stop the bonding.
Put some smaller stones, according to the appearance of the rockery, put a larger body. But there are too many small stones, which are easy to appear trivial and not easy to consolidate. So when putting the stones together, we must pay attention to the texture and color of the stones, so as to make the texture and outline match and transit naturally.
Hanging and hanging are vertical hanging stones, hanging is "hanging", hanging sideways is "hanging". "Suspension" is a way to imitate the stalactite roof suspension in natural karst caves. Suspended rock is usually located in the middle of the cave roof, and its sides are supported by the roof. There are also roofs near the interior walls and rocks hanging upside down in the Zhanyuan River in Nanshan, Nanjing, which have a special taste. "Hang" is often used to make up at the bottom of the stone on the top of the mountain, or hang on the wall, to form a strange and dangerous appreciation. Ordinary hanging stones should not be too large to ensure safety.
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Rockery Plastic Stone - Artificial Waterfall
The hanging stone upside down is hanging, hanging and hanging are the same, but the appellations of North and South are different.
The card is a small stone suspended between two rocks. This method must be made up of the rocks on the left and right sides of the mountain, and then put into the wedge to clip the rocks. It is only an auxiliary foil point landscape technology, often used in small rockeries, because the weathering of many years and large rockeries, easy to decline, risk formation, so less use.
A way of standing upright like a sword. Mountains, rocks, swords and peaks can constitute an imminent potential, but it must be tailored properly, planned naturally and prevented from being too single or too dense. Peaks rising from the ground, such as old pine and cypress bamboo forests, often become an interesting landscape.
The lateral texture and pressure of common rocks are used to collect them horizontally in order to form the potential of flying, so they are also called "out". "Single pick" is picked out by stones, and "heavy pick" is the support picked out under stones. If it is to be carried out layer by layer, it is better to carry out 1/3 of the stone, preferably the length of the stone. When removing stones, we must choose some stones with strong texture and no dark cracks. The identification method is usually based on tapping sound. If you choose at both ends, you need to be more careful in choosing stones. Nowadays, the craftsmen of Suzhou rockery also use standing stones to quarry, but the difficulty is higher. The key to "election" is "Qiao'an Houjian", "Qianxuan Houqianxuan, Hou Jianzhai". Therefore, it is closely related to "pressure". "Pay attention to pressure", the shape of the stone will form a center of gravity change, to one side, then it is necessary to use the stone on the mountain to stop the pressure, to make the center of gravity stable, so the stone especially to achieve consolidation and seamless pressure is the most important. Common rockery or a group of peaks, the final overall stability depends on the pressure of the top rock to complete, at this time, choose some larger volume demand, a good high-grade stone appearance matching pressure, so there will be stable and beautiful.
Artificial Waterfall Landscape
Floating head with stone "floating". The use of Park's is mainly a precursor of abundance. The selection of bleaching stone, its texture, quality and color should be different from or coordinated with stone. Traditionally, floating stones can also be used to process various animal images; in modern rockfill technology, traditional "Gone with the Wind" based on folding methods and a new breakthrough and behavior, it often chooses some smaller scale, a narrow, thin bending, light, such as the characteristics of rocks, according to appearance design, bond materials and binding, binding, card, editing, hanging, etc. Stop position, set up, to create a stone and stone, blank, and white stone or lap technology features, after the treatment of "Gone with the Wind", the outline of the rockery can make the rockery appear light, empty and elegant. It is mainly used for sketch stack of rockery rockery in Taihu Lake.
"Horizontal rock is the superimposed rock", that is, the superimposed rock with horizontal rock to stop overlapping and exert pressure to form the horizontal stratum structure is a kind of superimposed stone technology, which is the most commonly used method in the traditional rockery superimposed stone. For example, the appearance of the "Yungang" Huangshi rockery in the master net garden is the main method of "Hengyan superimposed stone". However, in the specific stacking process, we need to pay attention to the texture differences between the stones.
The formulas listed above are only some typical techniques used by ancient piling craftsmen in the construction of rockery outside. These techniques should be used sensitively in the actual construction. Never be rigid and purposeful. The technology of stacking stone described in this paper is the basic method of Chinese garden art. The above is organized for you by Jinan Rockery Manufacturing Company. For more information, please click on our website http://www.sdjnjingguan.com.