青苔在平常也叫苔藓。它有两种类型：一种是没有茎、叶的分化，呈片状构造的叶状体；另一种是有茎叶分化的茎叶体。 苔藓植物的主要适应环境条件是温暖和阴湿。夏季要防止曝晒，冬季要防止冰冻，最好放在温室内，经常苔藓植物是最原始的高等植物，有茎和叶的分化，但没有真正的根，靠孢子繁殖。只要有水分它们就能生长。因上水石小盆景假山上有很快毛细孔，使石表面保持潮湿，为苔藓植物提供了生长的条件，所以有苔藓。其来源除人工种植外其孢子将面 调成糊状，涂于上水石表面，用塑料覆盖，至于阴凉处，每天早晚喷水。
Moss is also commonly called moss. It has two types: one is a leaf with no differentiation of stem and leaf, and the other is a leaf with differentiation of stem and leaf. The main adaptation conditions of bryophytes are warmth and humidity. To prevent exposure in summer and freezing in winter, it is best to keep them in greenhouses. Often bryophytes are the most primitive higher plants with differentiation of stems and leaves, but without real roots, they reproduce by spores. They can grow as long as there is water. Because of the fast pore in the small bonsai hill of Shangshui Stone, which keeps the stone surface moist and provides the growth conditions for bryophytes, there are mosses. Its origin is that besides planting artificially, its spores are pasted on the surface of the upper stone, covered with plastic, and sprayed in the shade every morning and evening.
可以自然调节湿度、透气性好、保持肥力、降低管理成本、有利于苔藓植物的正常生长。怎样在假山山水盆景的山石上敷设苔藓植物 裸露的山石缺少生气，盆景中铺上青苔使得景色更加绿润可爱，显出更强烈的生活气息。山水盆景是否全部点种青苔，这要根据构图设计要求而定，如仅为表现青山的葱茏苍绿，则可将苔保湿小型假山盆景上水石青苔It can naturally regulate humidity, have good air permeability, maintain fertility, reduce management costs and be beneficial to the normal growth of bryophytes. How to lay bare bryophytes on rocks of bonsai in rockery landscape lacks vitality, and the moss in bonsai makes the scenery greener and more lovely, showing a stronger flavor of life. Whether or not all the potted landscape plants moss depends on the requirements of composition design. If only the green hills are shown, the moss can moisturize the small rockery potted landscape with water stone moss.
方法如下： 种植青苔主要掌握三个环节。 1、选种：要选择适合自己栽培的青苔作为“种苔”，方法是找到生长在与自己盆景种植地点外部条件（日照、湿度、通风等）相近似地方的青苔，晾干后剪成3毫米大小的粉末，加没有茎、叶的分化，呈片状构造的叶状体的那种。
The methods are as follows: planting moss mainly grasps three links. 1. Selection: To select the moss suitable for cultivation as the "seed moss", the method is to find the moss growing in the place similar to the external conditions (sunshine, humidity, ventilation, etc.) of the bonsai planting site. After drying, the moss is cut into powder 3mm in size, with no differentiation of stems and leaves, and the type of leaf with a sheet structure.