Chinese classical garden architecture is a wonderful flower in the history of aesthetics. Landscape art has a long history. Yangzhou gardens in the Qing Dynasty can be described as the continuation of the ancient artistic conception, and the rockery in the gardens has brought the "false" and "real" artistic conception into full play.
After the development of Chinese gardens in past dynasties, both royal gardens and private gardens were developed unprecedentedly in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and the aesthetic study of gardens was also paid attention to. Ye Lang followed Mr. Zong Baihua's view that the greatest aesthetic characteristic of Chinese classical gardens was to attach importance to the creation of artistic conception. The author loves Yangzhou gardens and feels immersed in them. He is fond of rockeries in gardens and thinks that they are most in line with the characteristics of artistic conception creation.
Fabrication of rockery-rockery waterfall
Beauty of "Artistic Conception of Rockery Garden" in Yangzhou Garden
Yangzhou is situated in the Jianghuai Plain, with fertile land and rich green fields. There are Mao forests, bamboo trees and famous flowers, but there are no lofty mountains and cliffs. Zheng Yuanxun, the owner of one of the famous gardens, once said in his film garden self-chronicle: "To give birth to the north of the Yangtze River, there are no scrolls. When a boy sees mountains and mountains in his paintings, he is very fond of them." This shows that Zheng Yuanxun loves the rare mountains in Yangzhou Plain. We can also take a brief look at this phenomenon from the literature records. In addition to the hills in the northern suburbs of Shugang, Yangzhou people can only feel the momentum brought by the mountains from the poems. For example, the Yangzhou people prefer Du Mu's poems, only because they can find the hidden mountains.
The beauty of classical gardens is not the beauty of an isolated building, but the beauty of artistic conception. Therefore, the creation and appreciation of artistic conception of rockery gardens, especially the aesthetic piling of rockery which is discussed in this paper, has become the central content of landscape aesthetics. Artistic conception in rockery is different from other kinds of art such as poetry and painting. The artistic conception of poetry and painting is made up of language, lines and colors, while the artistic conception of rockery is made up of material objects (stone). However, the aesthetic value of rockery lies not in the stone itself, but in the aesthetic effect achieved through the arrangement of these stones, and can appreciate the natural scenery of the infinite space outside. Liu Yuxi made the clearest stipulation: "Habitat is outside the image". That is to say, we should not stay in the limited and isolated objects, but take our own unique vision to feel the scene outside, from the limited to the infinite. However, the rockery is not isolated in the garden, but perfectly integrated with other buildings (pavilions, terraces, buildings, pavilions, water, trees, flowers, grass, etc.) into an organic whole. You have me, I have you to create an out-of-the-picture, out-of-the-scene scene scene. Looking at the pavilion through the rockery is totally different from the effect observed in the scene, that is, the artistic conception. It can get more beautiful feelings than observing the object independently.
Artificial Hill Plastic Stone-Artificial Hill Waterfall Effect Map
It is easy to create artistic conception with concrete objects, which hinders the development of Qi needed by artistic conception and restricts the freedom of "living outside the image". Therefore, we need to find a kind of garden elements with both concrete beauty and abstract meaning. It is not only a concrete object, but also a flexible abstract space with artistic symbols and elucidating meanings. To be able to communicate visibly and invisibly, from the limited to the infinite, to create the artistic space out of "living outside the image". Stone is the ideal material with this characteristic. Stone is not a garden without stones. Stone has become one of the most basic elements in Chinese classical gardens. It is precisely because it has the ability to grow out of the picture and scenery, and thus it has become the best element in creating the artistic conception of gardens. It is not only an engineering building material of classical gardens, but also an important landscaping material and decorative material. Architecture and landscaping play an irreplaceable and unique role in landscape construction. Ancient gardeners showed the unique natural interest of Chinese gardens through skillful use and setting of stones, and also created a unique landscape artistic conception with Chinese aesthetic characteristics.