欢迎来到济南锦山绣水园林工程有限公司官方网站
热销产品关键词: 济南假山制作 济南上水石假山 济南庭院景观
产品 新闻
  • 济南上水石假山
  • 济南真石假山
  • 济南庭院景观
新闻中心
新闻中心
当前位置:首页 > 新闻中心 > 新闻中心 > 假山制作设计要注意什么

假山制作设计要注意什么

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-215-1.html  更新时间:2019-04-09
  一、设计基本要求
  I. Basic Design Requirements
  1. 假山分自然石块堆砌假山和人工塑石(人工仿真石饰面)假山、也可以采用自然石块与人工塑石的组合的假山。
  1. Artificial rockery can be divided into natural rockery and artificial plastic rockery (artificial imitation stone decoration) or artificial rockery with combination of natural rocks and artificial plastic rocks.
  2. 自然石块堆砌假山石可做为跌泉假山石和干堆砌假山石,一般体量不宜太大。
  2. Masonry of natural rocks can be used as Faquan rocks and dry masonry rocks. Generally, the volume should not be too large.
  3. 人工塑石假山也称人工塑山和人工塑石,造型、形态、颜色必须自然、逼真、有生趣,一般可以与瀑布、跌水、喷泉、小型功能房有效结合。
  3. Artificial plastic rockery is also called artificial plastic mountain and artificial plastic stone. Its shape, shape and color must be natural, lifelike and interesting. It can be effectively combined with waterfalls, falls, fountains and small function rooms.
  4. 人工塑石假山应由专业公司二次设计和施工,且要注意安全提示牌、禁止提示牌的设置。
  4. Artificial plastic rockery should be designed and constructed by professional companies, and attention should be paid to the setting of safety and prohibition signs.
  二、设计控制要点
  II. Key Points of Design Control
  1. 自然石块假山,应选择色泽、纹理、表面形状相近的石块,石块大小搭配要合理、均匀。
  1. Natural rockery rockery should choose rocks with similar color, texture and surface shape. The size of rocks should be reasonable and uniform.
  2. 石块选择立式布置时,要保证其可靠牢固度;选择卧式布置时,注意上下石块不要通缝布置。
  2. When choosing the vertical arrangement of stones, we should ensure their reliability and firmness; when choosing the horizontal arrangement, we should pay attention to the arrangement of upper and lower stones without joints.
  3. 自然石块假山体量较大时,内部可增加钢筋混凝土结构。
  3. When the volume of natural rock prosthesis is large, the reinforced concrete structure can be added inside.
  4. 人工塑石假山一般用钢筋混凝土结构主体做骨架或用型钢结构做主体骨架。
  4. Artificial plastic rockery generally uses reinforced concrete structure as the main frame or section steel structure as the main frame.
  5. 人工塑石假山的基本构造:
  5. The basic structure of artificial rockery rockery:
  ① 喷仿真石涂料;
  (1) Spraying imitation stone coating;
  ② 20mm厚1:2.5水泥砂浆加玻璃纤维抹找平层(按粗糙、平滑、拉毛、塑面手法处理);
  (2) 20 mm thick 1:2.5 cement mortar and fiberglass plaster leveling layer (according to rough, smooth, wool, plastic surface treatment);
  ③ 2mm厚聚氨酯防水涂料层;
  (3) 2mm thick polyurethane waterproof coating;
  ④ 30mm厚1:2.5水泥砂浆加玻璃纤维抹基层(应于钢丝网内外双层完成);
  (4) 30 mm thick 1:2.5 cement mortar and fiberglass plastering base (should be completed in double layers inside and outside the wire mesh);
  ⑤ 5mm×15mm钢丝网,用细铁丝与下层钢筋网绑牢;
  5 mm *15 mm wire mesh, tied with fine wire and lower steel mesh;
  ⑥ 150mm×150mm钢筋网(形成假山膜胚形状),钢筋规格Φ10mm,与主体结构焊接牢固;
  150mm * 150mm reinforcing bar net (forming the shape of artificial hill membrane embryo), steel bar specification 10mm, soldering firmly with the main structure;
  ⑦ 钢筋混凝土主体结构(或型钢主体结构);
  _Reinforced concrete main structure (or steel main structure);
  ⑧ C20混凝土基础(规格及厚度按实际要求定)。
  C20 concrete foundation (specifications and thickness according to actual requirements).
  6. 钢筋混凝土主体结构,应由专业结构设计师设计,应预留与钢筋网连接的预埋件。
  6. The main structure of reinforced concrete should be designed by a professional structural designer, and the embedded parts connected with the steel mesh should be reserved.
  7. 应有可靠的混凝土基础,主体与基础连接牢固;型钢主体结构的焊接,焊缝应饱满,应符合钢结构工程施工规范GB50755-2012的要求。
  7. There should be a reliable concrete foundation with strong connection between the main body and the foundation, and the welds of the main structure of section steel should be full, which should meet the requirements of the construction code of steel structure engineering GB50755-2012.
  三、设计常见问题
  3. Common Design Problems
  1. 假山造型不够自然、逼真。
  1. The shape of rockery is not natural and realistic enough.
  2. 假山横向和竖向比例不够协调。
  2. The horizontal and vertical proportions of rockery are not well coordinated.
  3. 假山饰面颜色选择与整体不协调。
  3. The color selection of rockery decoration is not in harmony with the whole.
  4. 基础设计太小或基础埋深不够,导致假山整体变形。
  4. The foundation design is too small or the depth of foundation is not enough, which leads to the overall deformation of the rockery.
  5. 假山与绿化软景的配合不够。
                        济南假山制作
  5. The combination of rockery and green soft landscape is not enough.
  只要注意以上各个问题,相信一座美丽的风景会很快显现在您的眼前。
  As long as you pay attention to the above problems, I believe that a beautiful scenery will soon appear in front of you.