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园林工程有什么特点

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-213-1.html  更新时间:2019-03-26
园林工程的基本特点
Basic Characteristics of Landscape Engineering
园林工程实际上包含了一定的工程技术和艺术创造,是地形地物、石木花草、建筑小品、道路铺装等造园要素在特定地域内的艺术体现。因此,园林工程与其他工程相比具有其鲜明的特点。
Landscape engineering actually contains certain engineering technology and artistic creation, which is the artistic expression of landform, stone, flowers and plants, architectural sketches, road pavement and other gardening elements in a specific region. Therefore, compared with other projects, landscape engineering has its distinct characteristics.
1、园林工程的艺术性
1. Artistry of Landscape Engineering
园林工程是一种综合景观工程,它虽然需要强大的技术支持,但又不同于一般的技术工程,而是一门艺术工程,涉及建筑艺术、雕塑艺术、造型艺术、语言艺术等多门艺术。
Landscape engineering is a kind of comprehensive landscape engineering. Although it needs strong technical support, it is different from general technical engineering, but it is an art project, involving architectural art, sculpture art, plastic art, language art and other arts.
2、园林工程的技术性
2. Technicality of Landscape Engineering
园林工程是一门技术性很强的综合性工程,它涉及土建施工技术、园路铺装技术、苗木种植技术、假山叠造技术及装饰装修、油漆彩绘等诸多技术。
Landscape engineering is a highly technical comprehensive project, which involves civil construction technology, pavement technology, seedling planting technology, artificial hill overlapping technology, decoration and decoration, painting and many other technologies.
3、园林工程的综合性
3. Comprehensive Landscape Engineering
园林作为一门综合艺术,在进行园林产品的创作时,所要求的技术无疑是复杂的。随着园林工程日趋大型化,协同作业、多方配合的特点日益突出;同时,随着新材料、新技术、新工艺、新方法的广泛应用,园林各要素的施工更注重技术的综合性。
As a comprehensive art, the technology required in the creation of garden products is undoubtedly complex. With the increasing scale of landscape engineering, the characteristics of collaborative work and multi-cooperation are becoming increasingly prominent. Meanwhile, with the wide application of new materials, new technologies, new technologies and new methods, the construction of various elements of landscape architecture pays more attention to the comprehensive technology.
4、园林工程的时空性
4. Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Landscape Engineering
园林实际上是一种五维艺术,除了其空间特性,还有时间性以及造园人的思想情感。园林工程在不同的地域,空间性的表现形式迥异。园林工程的时间性,则主要体现于植物景观上,即常说的生物性。
Garden is actually a five-dimensional art, in addition to its spatial characteristics, as well as the timeliness and the gardener's thoughts and feelings. Landscape engineering has different spatial forms in different regions. The timeliness of landscape engineering is mainly embodied in plant landscape, which is often called biology.
5、园林工程的安全性
5. Safety of Landscape Engineering
“安全第一,景观第二”是园林创作的基本原则。对园林景观建设中的景石假山、水景驳岸、供电防火、设备安装、大树移植、建筑结构、索道滑道等均需格外注意。
"Safety first, landscape second" is the basic principle of garden creation. In landscape construction, special attention should be paid to Jingshi rockery, waterscape revetment, power supply and fire protection, equipment installation, tree transplantation, building structure, ropeway slideway, etc.
6、园林工程的后续性
6. Follow-up of Landscape Engineering
园林工程的后续性主要表现在两个方面:一是园林工程各施工要素有着极强的工序性;二是园林作品不是一朝一夕就可以完全体现景观设计最终理念的,必须经过较长时间才能显示其设计效果,因此项目施工结束并不等于作品已经完成。
The follow-up of landscape engineering is mainly manifested in two aspects: one is that each construction element of landscape engineering has a strong working procedure; the other is that landscape works can not fully embody the ultimate concept of landscape design overnight, and it must take a long time to show its design effect, so the completion of the project construction does not mean that the works have been completed.
7、园林工程的体验性
7. Experience of Landscape Engineering
提出园林工程的体验特点是时代要求,是欣赏主体———人的心理美感的要求,是现代园林工程以人为本最直接的体现。人的体验是一种特有的心理活动,实质上是将人融于园林作品之中,通过自身的体验得到全面的心理感受。园林工程正是给人们提供这种心理感受的场所,这种审美追求对园林工作者提出了很高的要求,即要求园林工程中的各个要素都做到完美无缺。
It is pointed out that the experience characteristic of landscape engineering is the requirement of the times, the requirement of the aesthetic feeling of human psychology, the main body of appreciation, and the most direct embodiment of human-oriented in modern landscape engineering. Human experience is a peculiar psychological activity. In essence, it integrates people into garden works and obtains comprehensive psychological feelings through their own experience. Landscape engineering is the place to provide people with such psychological feelings. This aesthetic pursuit puts forward a high demand for landscape workers, that is, all elements of landscape engineering should be perfect.
8、园林工程的生态性与可持续性
8. Ecology and Sustainability of Landscape Engineering
园林工程与景观生态环境密切相关。如果项目能按照生态环境学理论和要求进行设计和施工,保证建成后各种设计要素对环境不造成破坏,能反映一定的生态景观,体现出可持续发展的理念,就是比较好的项目。
Landscape engineering is closely related to landscape ecological environment. If the project can be designed and constructed according to the theory and requirement of ecology and ecology, to ensure that all kinds of design elements do not cause damage to the environment, to reflect a certain ecological landscape, and to reflect the concept of sustainable development, it is a better project.
园林工程的分类
Classification of Landscape Engineering
园林工程的分类多是按照工程技术要素进行的,方法也有很多,其中按园林工程概、预算定额的方法划分是比较合理的,也比较符合工程项目管理的要求。这一方法是将园林工程划分为3类工程:单项园林工程、单位园林工程和分部园林工程。
The classification of landscape engineering is mostly carried out according to engineering and technical elements, and there are many methods. Among them, it is reasonable to divide landscape engineering according to the method of budgetary estimate and budget quota, and it also meets the requirements of project management. This method divides landscape engineering into three types: single landscape engineering, unit landscape engineering and branch landscape engineering.
1、单项园林工程是根据园林工程建设的内容来划分的,主要定为3类:园林建筑工程、园林构筑工程和园林绿化工程。
1. Single landscape engineering is divided into three categories according to the content of landscape engineering construction: landscape architecture engineering, landscape architecture engineering and landscape greening engineering.
① 园林建筑工程可分为亭、廊、榭、花架等建筑工程。
Landscape architecture can be divided into pavilions, corridors, pavilions, flower racks and other construction projects.
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② 园林构筑工程可分为筑山、水体、道路、小品、花池等工程。
(2) Landscape construction projects can be divided into mountain building, water body, roads, sketches, flower ponds and other projects.
③ 园林绿化工程可分为道路绿化、行道树移植、庭园绿化、绿化养护等工程。
(3) Landscape greening projects can be divided into road greening, roadside tree transplantation, garden greening, greening maintenance and other projects.
2、单位园林工程是在单项园林工程的基础上将园林的个体要素划归为相应的单项园林工程。
2. The unit garden project is to classify the individual elements of the garden into corresponding individual garden projects on the basis of individual garden projects.
3、分部园林工程通过工程技术要素划分为土方工程、基础工程、砌筑工程、混凝土工程、装饰工程、栽植工程、绿化养护工程等。
3. The divisional landscape engineering can be divided into earthwork engineering, foundation engineering, masonry engineering, concrete engineering, decoration engineering, planting engineering, greening and maintenance engineering, etc.