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最新最复杂的水泥雕塑仿真假山制造

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-193-1.html  更新时间:2019-01-03
最新最复杂的水泥雕塑仿真假山制造
The latest and most sophisticated cement sculpture simulation rockery manufacturing
仿真假山在制造进程中共有九步,从定位放样、预埋件埋置、骨架焊接制造等到上色。每个环节环环相扣严密衔接,我司爲怀柔滨河公园设计制造的廉政长城水泥仿真假山,充沛体验了北京海水河谷一丝不苟的工匠肉体,施工终了的效果和设计图纸简直丝毫不差。
There are nine steps in the manufacturing process of simulated rockery, including positioning and lofting, embedding of embedded parts, welding and manufacturing of skeleton, etc. Each link is closely linked. Our company has designed and manufactured a cement imitation rockery for Huairou Binhe Park. We have fully experienced the meticulous craftsmen's body in Beijing Seawater Valley. The effect of the construction and the design drawings are almost the same.
1.定位放样:依据图纸、模型及现场状况停止定位放样。
1. Positioning lofting: stop positioning lofting according to drawings, models and site conditions.
2.预埋件埋置:现浇板块采用70×100×6的预埋件,间距1.5-2.5m埋置;框架柱身采用70×100×6的预埋件,间距2m埋置。在没有预埋件的墙体上施工,用涨栓做固定件,屋顶涨栓间距不能大于0.5米,墙立面间距不能大于0.7米。
2. Embedded parts: Cast-in-situ slabs are embedded with 70 x 100 x 6 pre-embedded parts with spacing of 1.5-2.5 m; frame columns are embedded with 70 x 100 x 6 pre-embedded parts with spacing of 2 m. When construction is carried out on walls without embedded parts, bolts are used as fixtures. The spacing between bolts on roofs should not be greater than 0.5 meters, and the spacing between facades of walls should not be greater than 0.7 meters.
3.骨架制造:主资料爲50×50×5度新角钢,主要处用30×30×3镀锌角钢,爲了方便施工也可用方管。先停止塑石方形骨架制造,骨架角钢的间距尺寸普通控制在:横向间距1.3m,竖向间距1.3m。,衔接采用焊接方式;然后依据模型停止左右斜拉,做出假山的大致外形。
3. Skeleton Manufacturing: The main data is 50 x 50 x 5 degree new angle steel, mainly used 30 x 30 x 3 galvanized angle steel, in order to facilitate construction, square pipe can also be used. First stop the manufacture of plastic-stone square skeleton. The spacing size of skeleton angle steel is generally controlled at 1.3m transverse spacing and 1.3m vertical spacing. Then, according to the model, the left and right Cable-Stays are stopped and the general shape of the rockery is made.
4.钢丝网片:水泥假山制造采用的钢丝网普通爲:6mm的网孔、丝径在0.3-0.5mm之间最爲适宜。在骨架制造完成后,用Φ6圆钢停止假山外型制造,圆钢横竖间距控制在18-25之间,依据模型塑造初凸凹崎岖的自然外形。
4. Steel wire mesh: The steel wire mesh used in the manufacture of cement rockery is generally 6 mm mesh with wire diameter between 0.3 and 0.5 mm. After the skeleton is manufactured, 6 round steel is used to stop the manufacture of rockery shape. The horizontal and vertical spacing of round steel is controlled between 18 and 25, and the natural shape of initial convex and concave is shaped according to the model.
5.镀锌丝网绑扎:在用圆钢焊接完假山大型后,用网笼枪将镀锌丝网固定。第六抹灰:挂水泥沙浆以成石脉与皱纹,水泥沙浆中可以加纤维性附加了以添加了外表抗拉的力气,增加裂痕。铁丝绑扎完成,用混凝土砂浆停止基层抹灰,厚度1-1.5cm左右;一次完成后,停止二次抹灰,厚度爲1.5cm左右。在假山外露局部的两层抹灰完成后,及时停止假山外部砂浆的抹制,厚度爲1cm左右。详细操作步骤如下:1、1:1.5复合水泥砂浆刮满所用钢丝网,厚度约1CM,塑满后需颐养2天。2、1:2普通水泥砂浆补缝。3、1:1.5普通水泥砂浆塑假山纹理,美工采用刮、剔等多种工艺手法制造假山纹理,厚度约爲2CM。竣工后颐养3天。 4、1:3普通水泥砂浆修补纹理及裂纹。
5. Galvanized wire mesh binding: After welding large rockery with round steel, galvanized wire mesh is fixed with cage gun. Sixth plastering: hanging cement mortar to form stone veins and wrinkles, cement mortar can be added with fiber to add external tensile strength, increase cracks. When the iron wire is tied up, concrete mortar is used to stop the plastering of the base course, the thickness is about 1-1.5 cm; after one time, the second plastering is stopped, and the thickness is about 1.5 cm. After the two-layer plastering of the exposed part of the rockery is completed, the plastering of the external mortar of the rockery is stopped in time, and the thickness is about 1 cm. Detailed operation steps are as follows: 1, 1:1.5 composite cement mortar scrapes the wire mesh used, thickness of about 1CM, after plastic full need to take care of 2 days. 2, 1:2 common cement mortar mending. 3, 1:1.5 ordinary cement mortar plastic rockery texture, artists use scraping, picking and other techniques to create rockery texture, thickness of about 2CM. Three days after completion. 4, 1:3 ordinary cement mortar to repair texture and cracks.
济南假山制作
7.造型:依据模型及所造山石的材质,对塑石假山停止造型,塑出石脉和条纹。在塑石外表细致地刻划石的质感、色泽、纹理和表层特征。质感和色泽依据设计要求,用石粉、色粉按适当比例配白水泥或普通水粉调成砂浆,按粗糙、平滑、拉毛等塑面手法处置。纹理的塑造,普通来说,直纹爲主、横纹爲辅的山石,较能表现峻峭、挺拔的姿态;横纹爲主、直纹爲辅的山石,较能表现潇洒、豪迈的意象;综合纹样的山石则较能表现深沉、绚丽的面貌。爲了加强山石景的自然真实感,除了纹理的刻划外,还要作好山石的自然特征,如缝、孔、洞、烂、裂、断层、位移等的细部处置。普通来说,用钢丝、勺、雕琢刀、及其它公用工具经过拉、磨、轻砸、挖、戳等手法表现大自然真实假山的自然纹理。
7. Modeling: According to the model and the material of the orogenic rocks, the moulding of the moulded rockery rockery is stopped and the veins and stripes are moulded. The texture, color, texture and surface features of the stone are carefully depicted on the surface of the plastic stone. According to the design requirements, the texture and colour are mixed with white cement or ordinary water powder in appropriate proportion with stone powder and colour powder to form mortar, which is disposed of by plastic surface techniques such as roughness, smoothness and hairing. Generally speaking, the shape of texture, mainly straight lines, supplemented by cross lines, can show a steep, upright posture; mainly cross lines, supplemented by straight lines, can show a chic and heroic image; comprehensive patterns of mountains and stones can show a deep, gorgeous appearance. In order to enhance the natural authenticity of mountain and stone scenery, besides texture depiction, the natural characteristics of mountain and stone, such as cracks, holes, holes, rotten, cracks, faults and displacements, should be well handled in detail. Generally speaking, steel wire, spoon, carving knife, and other public tools are used to show the natural texture of the real nature rockery by means of pulling, grinding, smashing, digging and poking.
8.上色:依据所塑山石的地位极端作用,选择适宜的氧化铁颜料停止调制、上色。在塑石水分未干透时停止,根本色彩用颜料粉和水泥加水拌匀,逐层洒染。上色步骤如下:1、喷封锁底色;2、着一次色(3层); 3、二次补色(阴暗色)。在石缝孔洞或阴角部位略洒稍深的色彩,待塑石九成干时,在凹陷处洒上少许绿、黑或白色等大小、疏密不同的斑点,以加强平面感和自然感。  最初就是面层维护即可:用无色罩面剂延续喷涂2遍,用以维护颜色不褪色、不零落。
8. Colouring: According to the extreme role of the moulded rocks, appropriate iron oxide pigments are selected to stop modulation and colouring. When the water content of the plastic stones is not completely dry, the basic color is mixed with pigment powder and cement with water and dyed layer by layer. The coloring steps are as follows: 1. Blocking the base color by spraying; 2. Primary color (3 layers); 3. Secondary complement color (dark color). When 90% of the plastic stone is dry, a few green, black or white spots of different sizes and densities are sprayed on the depression to enhance the sense of plane and nature. Initially, the maintenance of the facial layer can be done: 2 times continuous spraying with a colorless mask to maintain the color fade-free, non-fragmentation.
综上所述有济南锦绣山水景观公司提供,想了解更多济南假山制作知识,欢迎关注我们的网站:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com谢谢支持!
In summary, all the Jinan Jinxiu Landscape Company provide, want to know more about Jinan rockery production knowledge, welcome to pay attention to our website: http://www.sdjnjingguan.com Thank you for your support!