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园林景观中的水景设计方法

来源:http://www.sdjnjingguan.com/content-20-16-1.html  更新时间:2017-02-20
  园林景观中的水景设计方法:园林景观
  Waterscape design method in landscape:
  1、动静结合的艺术营造
  1, static and dynamic combination of Art
  水景主要运用动静结合的方式营造出艺术氛围。它的主要表现形式有:山川、流水、喷泉等。清澈见底的水净化了自然空气,增加了审美气息。喷泉等压力水具有鲜活的生命了以及动态美。水时而温柔时而奔放的千变万化都极富有动静结合的美感。配合了光线和音乐,在一些公园、展览馆、会议中心以及风景区建立了特色音乐喷泉,彰显了动态水景特有的热情奔放。变化的音乐给人带来无限的想象空间,使人们都能放松身心.共同体验水景给人们带来的欢乐在溪水和池水等静态水流中.人们沉浸在诗情画意的景象中.欣赏这山山水水.细细品尝一座城市的文化底蕴。
  Waterscape mainly uses the way of combining static and dynamic to create artistic atmosphere. Its main manifestations are: mountains, rivers, fountains, etc. Clear water purified natural air, increasing the aesthetic atmosphere. Fountain and other pressure water has a fresh life and dynamic beauty. Water is sometimes gentle and sometimes the ever-changing is very rich in the beauty of the combination of static and dynamic. With the light and music, in a number of parks, exhibition halls, convention centers and scenic areas to build a unique music fountain, highlighting the dynamic waterscape unique enthusiasm. Change the music brings unlimited imagination to people, so that people can relax. The common experience of waterscape bring joy to people in the water and static water. People immersed in the scene. A quality suggestive of poetry or painting appreciation of the mountains. Taste a city's cultural heritage.
  2、水景设计中的动植物搭配
  2, water features in the design of plants and animals
  (1)对于植物的选择:第一.确保水质健康干净,要求在水中植物安置上尽可能使用与水体形态和水体规模相适应的植被。第二.在进行搭配植物过程中.要注意植物之间的疏密情况.对植物需要的生长和蔓延空间进行合理的规划,避免分布不均和间隙过小。
  (1) the selection of plants: first, to ensure that the water quality is clean and healthy, requiring the use of plants in the water as far as possible to adapt to the use of water and water scale. Second. In the process of plant collocation. Note that density between plants. Reasonable planning of plant needs the growth and spread of space, avoid the uneven distribution and the gap is too small.
  (2)对于动物的选择:在水中通常可以饲养一些水中动物.一方面增加了水景的审美强度,另一方面维护了水中物种多样性的特点。水中动尽量选择当地的.根据水域的区域面积确定饲养动物数量.特别要强调的是.要在水中建立一定的食物链。
  (2) for the selection of animals: in the water can usually raise some aquatic animals. On the one hand, increase the intensity of the water landscape, on the other hand to maintain the diversity of species in the water. In the water as far as possible to choose the local. According to the water area of the area to determine the number of animals raised.
  3、水景的构成和设计方法
  3, water features and design methods
  (1)人工瀑布。在设计所有园林景观时.基本上所有的水景瀑布都是由人工建筑产生的,主要形式包括:滑落式、阶梯式和幕布式等。
  (1) artificial waterfall. In the design of all landscape. Basically all the waterfall is produced by artificial construction, including: slide type, ladder type and curtain type etc.
  (2)人工喷泉。在相对较大的广场上,最常见的则是人工瀑布主要是从地下喷头自动感应大小不同的压力.使水从地下向地上喷出.结合不断改变的灯光效果,从而营造出五彩斑斓的园林景观。
  (2) artificial fountain. In a relatively large square, the most common is the artificial waterfall is mainly from the underground sprinkler automatic induction of different sizes pressure. The water from underground to ground out. Combined with the changing lighting effects, thereby creating a colorful landscape.
  4、水景设计中选择给水方式
  4, waterscape design in the selection of water supply
  作为水景效果营造的关键因素,给水方式发挥着一定的作用在设计水景时.应与具体的水景效果需求和水景在园林景观中所处的位置相结合,对恰当的给水方式进行选择.偶尔还需要对当地的风俗习惯进行考虑.通过特殊的设计和安排。使水景的给水方式得到确定。
  As a key factor in waterscape construction, water supply plays a certain role in the design of waterscape. Waterscape should demand and waterscape and specific place in the landscape of the combination, to choose the appropriate mode of water supply. Occasionally also need to take into account the local customs. Through the design and arrangement of special the. So that the water supply of water features identified.
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